• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Deviance described in Chamlbiss's article and LaBeff, Clark, Haines, and Diekhoff's article on situational ethics describes how neutralization, primary and secondary deviance and labeling theory perpetuate and lessen the effect of deviance.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Alex Petisi 10/27/2003 Sociology Deviance described in Chamlbiss's article and LaBeff, Clark, Haines, and Diekhoff's article on situational ethics describes how neutralization, primary and secondary deviance and labeling theory perpetuate and lessen the effect of deviance. In Chamlbiss's article, The Saints and the Roughnecks, he describes how two gangs participate in deviant behavior through high school. Yet due to their socio-economic level, labeling theory and secondary deviance one group is considered much less of a deviant threat then the other. LaBeff, Clark, Haines and Diekhoff's article, Situation Ethics and College Student Cheating, demonstrates how individuals who use certain neutralization techniques actually believe that their deviance is not harmful and at time expectable. In Chambliss' study the Roughnecks and the Saints are two separate groups within the community. Both groups regularly partake in deviant behavior. Specifically, the Saints skipped school, drank alcohol, drove recklessly and drunk, and were know to vandalize on occasion. ...read more.

Middle

Consequently, the 'stickiness' of the Roughnecks labels led to their secondary deviance. That their small primary devianceses that they committed, the petty theft and fighting that occurred occasionally, has now become part of their persona. That basically the Roughnecks have structured their lives around the perceived deviance that they commit. Being judged in the community as deviant led them to act in an ever-increasing deviant manner. The behavior of the Saints goes against the conventional thinking that only bad people commit crimes. The community's perception that he Saints were 'good' kids and had a serious future, led many to think that they would not act defiantly. Teachers for instance gave them the benefit of the doubt when it came to grades and missing classes. The deviance committed by these teenagers is seen that labeling hides many of the truths about the way people act. That deviance can and is committed by everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

Denial of responsibility is "a declaration by the offenders that, in light of circumstances beyond their control, they cannot be held accountable for their actions." (LaBeef, Clack, Haines, Diekhoff, Pg. 272) Basically the students cheat because of outside circumstances, such as failing the test before, that give the student justification for his/her action. Appeal to Higher Loyalties is the idea that a peer or group of peers is being helped by their action and thus they commit the deviance. That if a friend needs to copy a paper, helping the friend is justification for cheating. Condemnation of Condemners is the idea that someone else is responcible for their actions. That the students cheat because of the teacher and thus it is justified. Denial of Victim and Denial of Injury are that either the cheaters actions don't hurt anyone so they are justified and that the injury committed is much less then what really happens. The cheaters because of these neutralization techniques justified their cheating and believed that it was exceptable under the circumstances. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Differential association has been used, for instance, to explain the higher rate of crime among the poor and the working class, arguing the cause is that they do not share the values of the middle class. Such an explanation, critics say, is class-biased, both because it overlooks the deviance that

  2. What have theories of deviance added to our understanding of crime? Why are there ...

    When considering the theories for crime, one may restrict ideas to the personal characteristics of the individual and their surrounding societal environment - this alone has the potential to produce a vast range of theories. Lombroso (1911) on the other hand very interestingly extended reasons for crime to virtually every

  1. The Sociology of Crime and Deviance

    The existence of laws and the strength thereof are upheld by members of a society when violations are recognised, discussed, and dealt with either by legal punishment (jail, fines, execution) or by social punishment (shame, exile). Whilst violations are recognised, so is criminals and undesirables, this way social rules can be identified and maintained.

  2. Crime and Deviance

    Under such circumstances, Durkheim believed, people feel disorientated and anxious anomie is therefore one of the social factors influencing dispositions to suicide which was regarded as a crime. Durkheim saw crime and deviance as social facts, he believed both of them to be inevitable and necessary elements in modern societies.

  1. subcultural theory

    Merton outlines 5 possible ways in which members of society can react to achieving their goals: Conformity, Innovation, Ritualism, Retreatism and Rebellion. Conformity is the most common way to achieve goals. This is when members of society both conform to success goals and the legitimate ways of achieving them.

  2. Crime and Deviance

    it has positive function for the social system. People who break the law and challenges society's norms and values are necessary because they lead people into examining and re-evaluating the way we live and think. I.e. bring issues to public's attention.

  1. This paper attempts to analyse Bacceria's (1764) "On Crimes and Punishment" article. In order ...

    Furthermore, punishment should be based on retribution and not exceed that which is necessary for effective crime prevention and deterrence. For punishment to attain its end, the evil which it inflicts only has to exceed the advantages which can be derived from the crime.

  2. Crime and deviance in Trinidad and Tobago

    As a result, Merton states that crime and deviance is a result of anomie. Caribbean countries have the same goals and methods by which to attain them as these European capitalist nations, however they cannot be fully applied to the Caribbean countries as they are still developing countries which had

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work