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Deviance described in Chamlbiss's article and LaBeff, Clark, Haines, and Diekhoff's article on situational ethics describes how neutralization, primary and secondary deviance and labeling theory perpetuate and lessen the effect of deviance.

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Introduction

Alex Petisi 10/27/2003 Sociology Deviance described in Chamlbiss's article and LaBeff, Clark, Haines, and Diekhoff's article on situational ethics describes how neutralization, primary and secondary deviance and labeling theory perpetuate and lessen the effect of deviance. In Chamlbiss's article, The Saints and the Roughnecks, he describes how two gangs participate in deviant behavior through high school. Yet due to their socio-economic level, labeling theory and secondary deviance one group is considered much less of a deviant threat then the other. LaBeff, Clark, Haines and Diekhoff's article, Situation Ethics and College Student Cheating, demonstrates how individuals who use certain neutralization techniques actually believe that their deviance is not harmful and at time expectable. In Chambliss' study the Roughnecks and the Saints are two separate groups within the community. Both groups regularly partake in deviant behavior. Specifically, the Saints skipped school, drank alcohol, drove recklessly and drunk, and were know to vandalize on occasion. ...read more.

Middle

Consequently, the 'stickiness' of the Roughnecks labels led to their secondary deviance. That their small primary devianceses that they committed, the petty theft and fighting that occurred occasionally, has now become part of their persona. That basically the Roughnecks have structured their lives around the perceived deviance that they commit. Being judged in the community as deviant led them to act in an ever-increasing deviant manner. The behavior of the Saints goes against the conventional thinking that only bad people commit crimes. The community's perception that he Saints were 'good' kids and had a serious future, led many to think that they would not act defiantly. Teachers for instance gave them the benefit of the doubt when it came to grades and missing classes. The deviance committed by these teenagers is seen that labeling hides many of the truths about the way people act. That deviance can and is committed by everyone. ...read more.

Conclusion

Denial of responsibility is "a declaration by the offenders that, in light of circumstances beyond their control, they cannot be held accountable for their actions." (LaBeef, Clack, Haines, Diekhoff, Pg. 272) Basically the students cheat because of outside circumstances, such as failing the test before, that give the student justification for his/her action. Appeal to Higher Loyalties is the idea that a peer or group of peers is being helped by their action and thus they commit the deviance. That if a friend needs to copy a paper, helping the friend is justification for cheating. Condemnation of Condemners is the idea that someone else is responcible for their actions. That the students cheat because of the teacher and thus it is justified. Denial of Victim and Denial of Injury are that either the cheaters actions don't hurt anyone so they are justified and that the injury committed is much less then what really happens. The cheaters because of these neutralization techniques justified their cheating and believed that it was exceptable under the circumstances. ...read more.

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