• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Differences in ethnic experiences of criminal justice system

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the reasons for ethnic differences in experiences of the criminal justice system. Ethnic minorities, afro-Caribbean's and, to a lesser extent, Asians, are vastly over represented in official statistics for criminal offending, and convictions, but these statistics are not necessarily representative of what is real. An example of these statistics is that black people make up 2.7% of the British population, and Asians 4.7%, but black people make up 11% of the prison population, and Asians 6%. Experiences amongst different ethnic groups who interact with the criminal justice system are still very diverse. Whilst self-report studies show that whites are more likely to offend than blacks and Asians even less likely (Indians 30%, Pakistanis 28% and Bangladeshis 13% according to Graham and Bowling) this does not represent the experiences of said ethnic groups. The criminal justice system consists of a number of steps which include policing, stop and search, arrests/cautions, prosecutions, trials, convictions, sentencing and ...read more.

Middle

Institutional racism within the police force and its individual members may make officers more suspicious, weary and paranoid about ethnic minorities. This could also be the result of demography, ethnic minorities are over-represented in the social groupings most likely to be stopped and search, such as young, unemployed, working-class males. However this could simply reflect the differences in offending between ethnic groups. But more evidence for institutional racism towards certain ethnic groups appears when we investigate more, white people are given cautions for crimes much more often than blacks or Asians, arrest rates for blacks are 3.6 times higher than for whites. This again indicates some kind of unfair or racist treatment; however it could be the result of blacks or Asians being more likely to deny an offence and look for legal advice out of mistrust for the police, leading to an eventual arrest, as we have already noted that these minorities are more likely to be unfairly policed by officers. ...read more.

Conclusion

Since the 9/11 attacks suspicions about Muslims have risen greatly, even though they cannot be justified on the large scale discrimination and prejudice they experience, this prejudice can often lead to over policing in ethnic minority areas, thus adding to the disparity in the criminal statistics, it may not be that these ethnic groups are committing more crime, it could just be that there are more police acting in a vigilant way around and towards these groups, so they are punished more harshly. It could be argued that if the same amount of vigilance and over-policing was applied to white communities equally, the statistics may equalize. Whilst it is clear that Blacks and Asians are overrepresented in criminal statistics, the extent of this remains to be seen, it is possible that the reality is that those ethnic groups, on average, do commit more crimes than others, it is also possible this is false. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. The Justice and welfare debate.

    They would point out that whilst the offender is working in the community to pay back society for the crime they have committed they are not being made to face the consequences of their offending behaviour on the victim/victims. Furthermore that the risk factors that were a contributory factor to

  2. Why is the prison population not a reflection of the ethnicity of Britain, is ...

    I also found that 68% of Afro Caribbean's that were asked live in single parent families. This means that perhaps instead of getting there beliefs, values, and norms from home they get them from there peers who will be committing crime.

  1. Are women underrepresented in crime statistics because of sexism within the criminal justice system?

    chivalry thesis plays a big role in the criminal justice system, evidence against the theory has also been presented. Steven Box's self-report study in both Britain and the USA suggest that there is no such thing as the chivalry thesis, he argues that "it would not be unreasonable to conclude

  2. Assess the view that ethnic differences in crime rates are the result of the ...

    Firstly they rely on victims' memory of event. According to Ben Bowling and Coretta Philips, evidence suggests that white victims may 'over-identify' blacks, claiming the offender was black even when they were not sure. Self-report studies ask individuals to disclose their own dishonest and violent behaviour.

  1. Inequalities within the 'Criminal JUSTICE System/Process'

    * The guilty must be convicted even at the risk of convicting some who are innocent and of infringing some civil liberties. * Formal rules and procedures are seen as obstacles standing in the way of convicting the 'guilty'. (clever lawyers get the guilty off due to criminal procedures!)

  2. The British Penal System

    social class get treated more leniently when punishment for a crime is issued. My essay is going to look at how effective the British penal system is, I think it is in some sense but it needs to evolve. I am going to look at certain issues and aspects to

  1. Crime and Ethnicity

    Also it is well known that ethnic minorities do the least well in the British education system. This would means that they will have the least qualifications, and the least prospects for employment, because of this and stereotyping they will turn to crime.

  2. Crime Statistics or Criminal Statistics?

    Also there is a reluctance to report certain types of crime such as sexual offences making comparisons with Police and Court figures impossible. Crime statistics can be manipulated. This could be done for example, to reduce crime figures to give the appearance that a new offensive against crime is working

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work