• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'Differences in gender, class and ethnicity are no longer relevant factors in determining work experiences and outcomes'. Discuss.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Organisational Behaviour and Analysis (Level 1) 'Differences in gender, class and ethnicity are no longer relevant factors in determining work experiences and outcomes'. Discuss. Prior to addressing the question in detail, which is fundamentally debatable, we must define and understand the differences of the following concepts; gender, class and ethnicity and then attempt identifying whether the differences between them in determining work experiences and outcomes are no longer relevant factors though remain significant. The idea of gender as a separate methodological category of analysis has recently become a more controversial or rather important one, due to increased feminist research into the role of women both in America and globally. The issue of women's role in employment has long been debated, however, patriarchal ideas blur the distinction between sex and gender and assume that all social distinctions between men and women are based in biology or anatomy. Scientists argued in the 19th century that women worked to obtain economic independence were initiating a 'struggle against Nature.' Additionally, we must understand why sociologists distinguish between 'sex' and 'gender,' it is important to look at their separate definitions. 'Sex' refers to the biological factors that distinguish 'males' and 'females' that is their anatomic differences. 'Gender' on the other hand, refers to the cultural identity or role that is ascribed to a person according to their sex. The term can also be used to define relationships between people, and sometimes used as a negative form of classification in the same way as race and ethnicity can also be used to dress privilege barriers. ...read more.

Middle

Despite the increase in women entering employment, they continue to receive considerably low wages in comparison with men. Supposedly, there have been improvements in the workforce in terms of sexual equality, however, Coleman and Cressey (p.275;1980) state the gap between both genders has surprisingly increased in the last twenty years. The average full time women worker received 67 per cent of the amount received by men in 1957. This figure decreased by 5 per cent in 1970, and by 1974 it dropped another 2 per cent. This continuous dropped could be due to the fact that the steadily increasing number of women are entering the workforce for the first time therefore leaving them with no alternative, but to 'start at the bottom.' As a result it is unlikely that occupational discrimination against women has decreased entirely. Another factor for the wide gap is due to women entering lower-paid jobs and hold lower ranking jobs within their occupation. However, there are even wage differences when men and women do the same type of work, in relation Grint argues this point: "One of the most persistent aspects of paid labor is that relating to gender-related inequality of rewards. Ignoring all the many problems involved in wage calculations, which blur issues of skill, qualifications, and hours etc, it is a sobering experience to consider the gendered wage differential" (Grint, K, ch6 ;1998) Employers say men are paid more, because they have families to support although women in today's society are more independent. ...read more.

Conclusion

More importantly, if given the position of a 'man's role' in a company they still receive lower paychecks, despite of the 'Equal Opportunity Act,' which was introduced in the 1970's. One question which must be taken into consideration is 'How well is equal opportunities used in employment.' Although women's right exist, they do not seem to be used to their full potential, if anything patriarchal society does not want this gender equality within the workforce to exist. Personally speaking, women have been through pain and struggle to achieve what there rights today, as a result, equality has improved dramatically, as women are now accepted in more jobs then ever, and women are becoming much more independent but this sense of equality may not be evident globally, but definitely in western society. Ethnic minority groups are now entering better jobs, and education is literally available for everybody, however, the fact remains, that many members of ethnic groups are categorized in very low class positions, and although more members are entering high occupations and gaining valuable experience more then ever, the existence of discrimination will always exist, whether we like it or not, due to either stereotypical ideologies as well as members of the dominant group substantiating and protecting their position in class regardless of what measures are taken. Overall, in my opinion inequality will always exist within the workforce in relation to all three concepts; this is one factor, which must be accepted. However, there has been a vast improvement in all three elements within employment, and hopefully this will continue progressing for a more equal society, not just in the Western society, but globally. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in the UK. Explain probable ...

    Hackney Health Profile 2009- "Overall the health of people living in Hackney is worse than the England average. Almost 90% of people living in Hackney live in an area classified as being within the bottom fifth of the most deprived areas of England...

  2. Sociology independent project - mormons

    Speeches and writings of the current president of the church are also authoritative. The Bible is far below the other standard Works because it is full of errors. * One god - There are many Gods. Brigham Young-Journal of Discourses 7:333 "How many Gods there are, I do not know.

  1. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    school was generally larger with a more mixed social class and children were no longer labelled as passing or failing the 11+. But divisions from the tripartite system merely transferred to comprehensives under a different guise, through streaming, banding and setting.

  2. 'why do some do better at school than others?' This essay explores the home ...

    in the home, educational toys, a computer to use, visits to museums and so on. It is mostly older schools students who truant - the further along the education the higher the truancy rates. Students who truant tend to be from poorer home backgrounds; those from low skilled, low income

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    This instils a kind of patience into middle-class children, which helps them to maintain their focus and commitment at school. Middle-class parents can afford to move into catchment areas, pay for educational trips or extra tuition to help their children to achieve in education.

  2. Social class is no longer relevant in modern Britain. Discuss

    opportunities; property ownership has become more shared out, making it less of a source of power; a broader scattering of wealth means more people are consuming beyond necessity. Ulrich Beck also believes that class is dying out, but rather than changing into a post modern society, it is transforming into a ?risk? society.

  1. Should we assume that stratification is natural and therefore inevitable? Is class merely about ...

    The idea of social status also separates individuals not only physically but sometimes even mentally. Status in class in not ascribed but it is achieved. Factors like income, occupation, wealth, education, life-styles etc. decides the class of an individual. Gisbert truly said that ?A social class is a category of

  2. Black Male perception, of Secondary School Attainment and Opportunities. "Explore reasons for the academic ...

    I carried out my questionnaire on Monday of national bullying week and during that time I was still completing the challenge, which meant my time was limited. FINDINGS My research demonstrates that a significant amount of young black boys communicate negative experiences of school, and many agreeing with the statement

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work