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Different Types of Culture

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Different types of culture

High Culture - is linked with the elite, upper class society, those families and individuals with an ascribed status position. It is often associated with the arts such as opera, ballet and classical music, sports such as polo and lacrosse, and leisure pursuits such as hunting and shooting. Clearly, high culture is associated with a small elite in society, who, it is argued, operate a system of social closure - not allowing entry to 'outsiders' - thus ensuring that high culture maintains its elite and exclusive position.

Figure 2: Ballet (elite)

Cultural Diversity - is a concept relating to culturally embedded differences within society, it's the fact that different cultures exist alongside each other E.g. lesbians, chavs etc. Thereby it is any group that has something in common.

Subculture - is culture enjoyed by a small group within society. In this sense it is a minority part of majority culture. They have distinct norms and values which make them sub-section of society. Examples of subcultures in the UK include youth groups such as emos and skaters, or religious groups such as the Scientologists (New Age Traveller Groups).

Figure 3: Scientology symbol Figure 4: Youth subculture (female with emo characteristics features)

Popular Culture - is suggested that it borrows the idea from high culture and popularizes it, making it available for the masses. Thereby it is depicted to be a product of the media dominated world; that it is a positive force because it brings people of different backgrounds together in a common culture.

Figure 5: IPods

Figure 6: The Simpsons

Multiculturalism - it is depicted to be very similar to cultural diversity, other definitions align multiculturalism with different ethnic groups living alongside each other.

Global Culture - Globalisation is the process by which events in one part of the world come to influence what happens elsewhere in the world. They has become interconnected; socially, politically and economically. A global culture is a key feature of globalisation, they emerged due to patterns of migration, trends in international travel and the spread of the media, exposing people to the same images of the same dominant world companies.

Figure 7: McDonalds Pin From Asia

Figure 8: McDonalds In Egypt

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