• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Different views on how society works.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

DIFFERENT VIEWS ON HOW SOCIETY WORKS This is the most difficult part of sociology, but if you have been studying sociology for some time now, you will at least be partly familiar with these two different views: Marxism and functionalism. They often see society in different ways because they start from different standpoints. For example, if you and I were both looking at, and discussing the same chair, you might see it as something you sit down on to do your schoolwork, whereas I see it as missile to throw at children. In the same way, Marxists and functionalists look at the same institutions in society (such as the education system) ...read more.

Middle

and so on. They also see the values promoted by these institutions as acting in all our interests. For example, it is in all our interests that we are socialized to obey authority and turn up on time for school, because if we did not learn these values, society would break down. Therefore there is consensus (agreement) in society about these values. Just think what society would be like if the bus driver turned up at school whenever they liked and ignored what the boss had to say at work? Society would be very inefficient and chaotic. MARXISM Marxists believe that a powerful group called the ruling class are able to dominate society and society's institutions like the education system. ...read more.

Conclusion

They therefore believe that there is not consensus (agreement) but conflicting interests in society. SUMMARY In short Functionalists see society working in a harmonious way, with everyone working towards common goals (we all want an abundance of goods such as mobile phones etc) and we are in general agreement about how to reach those goals (I give orders and you obey or we will never get anything done - you obey me because I did better at school than you and have earned my authority). Marxists see conflicting interests in society. For example there is conflict at work with the boss wanting you to work more and more hours for less wages, while we want the opposite. The boss however has the power to impose their will on you (they will sack you if you do not toe the line). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. Do schools serve the interests of both society and individuals?

    The principle of achieved status is taught through exams & performance and universalistic values through school rules that apply to all. Parsons believes that schools and society are meritocratic, and as such all are treated equally and everybody has the same opportunities to succeed.

  2. Compare and contrast Marxists, Feminist, Functionalists, Third Way and New Right views of the ...

    Means tested benefits keep taxes low due to the low uptake and discourages dependnce on the state. However benefits such as the student loan push people into hige debts , benefits given are not acceptable to live on, there is to much bureauracy and the benefits fail to keep up

  1. Obesity in todays Society

    Last year, sales at outlets open at least a year rose 5.3% in the US and 8.2% overall." Due to the low affordable prices of mc nuggets and big Macs the recession has affected a lot of people resulting in more people choosing McDonalds than other establishments.

  2. How valid is the popular image of Japan as homogeneous and harmonious? Use a ...

    The idea of this is to encourage employees to work for the benefit of the group (essentially, the nation) and not for their own personal gain. The society of today views Japan as a country of strong culture and a disciplined and uniform nature.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work