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Discuss the bio-medical model of health.

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´╗┐The bio medical model is the model that those in the medical field use to define illness and disease. It is formed of clinical reports from doctors all over the world. The basis of this model is that every illness and disease is caused from something biological and that no wider factors are involved. This is one of the major criticisms that people have of the bio-medical model and the alternative model that some choose to turn to instead of focusing on the bio-medical model is the social model which looks at the wider factors that are surrounding the individual. One of the features of the bio-medical model is that illness can always be able to be dealt with by using a drug and d not by using witchcraft or spiritual means. This is one of the factors that help them go forward as they base all of their research on this and so found medicine linked to the biological body. Many sociologists would disagree that this is not the right way forward as, alternative methods have proven to work in some cases that the bio-medical model has not been able to reach. ...read more.


He researched that the decline in mortality in the west was not completely linked to the fact that we have better medicine but rather our immune system is getting stronger, as we now have better nutrition and are more hygienic. On the other hand, Ben Goldacre fights back and champions the bio-medical model in his book Bad science (2008). He says that unlike alternative medicine, the bio-medical model is reviewed, transparent, objective and stands up to scrutiny. He says ?to flippantly criticise the bio medical model is wreck less?. Hardey (1998) argues against this point and says that in fact there is a decline in the uncritical acceptance of the authority of professionals in the medical field. He says that people nowadays are more obedient are less likely to do what they are told to do as so was the case in the past. He continues to say that people are more likely to question the medical requests that they are given and give themselves a diagnosis rather than following the doctor?s advice. ...read more.


In conclusion, there are many criticisms against the bio-medical model that are very valid and are supported by many solid arguments. On the other hand the bio-medical model has years of experience and trial in its hand as well as many experiments to see if it does in fact benefit the personal interest of an individual and the public in the end. The points fairly match each other but in some cases they outmatch each other. In my opinion, if the two models collaborated together they would make even better health care and many of the problems that lead to illnesses and disease would be solved. I also feel that valuable time and people?s intelligence s being put to work to find reasons to argue against the opposing models, whereas they should be spending their time, money and knowledge into developing drugs and methods into helping those who they claim the opposing model is oppressing. In simple words there is a balance to both views and ideologies. Nathaniel Opoku-Mensah Sociology As Monday, 08 October 2012 ...read more.

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