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Discuss the view that the modern family is becoming more diverse

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Introduction

Catherine Sweeney "Discuss the view that the modern family is becoming more diverse" For many years society's conception of a normal family consisted of a man and women living together, who are married and having sexual relations. Having produced children together, or having adopted children, this being known as a nuclear family and was claimed as a vital unit in British society. The father would take on the role as the breadwinner; going out to work and providing for his family and the mother's role would be to look after the home, childcare and the domestic chores. The family has often been observed as the cornerstone of society. In the past, present and in all society, it has been seen as the basic unit of social organisation that carries out important roles, such as primary socialisation. The process being that children learn the social norm of their society. This took place in their younger years making the family an important factor of the child's personality. Then there is the personality stabilization which refers to the role that the family play in the process of being able to assist adult family members of emotional support including the sexual assertion, connected to marriage. It was argued by Talbot Parsons (1949) that there are two primary functions within a family, these being irreducible and basic this being the primary socialisation and stabilisation of the mature personality as an adult. ...read more.

Middle

Behavioural problems really manifest from an absent father though? Rodger (1996) looked at many various options. The key not being that of an absent father but if they have an active role in a child's upbringing. This also applies to single and nuclear family. Children in single parent families may be disturbed and cause behavioural problems because of the emotional disruption caused by separation and divorce. Finally, we have the gay couple family which is a relationship formed between two same sex persons, with a biological child / children. In 2004 the UK's Civil Partnership Act came into force now allowing civil partnerships between and lesbian and gay couples. The gay couple has also been known as "families of choice" to represent the positive forms of every day life that homosexual couples are able to conduct together that wasn't available in earlier years. The many traditional attributes applied to the nuclear family are now being resumed by gay couples. For many people, the family unit provides comfort, love, security, emotion and companionship. Yet it can also be regarded as loneliness, exploitation and inequality. If the current incline over the last half a century remain, then parents of the future will no longer marry and have less children. The number of children in non-married families has trebled in the last 50 years to around 40%, according to figures from the Office for National Statistics, while the average number of children has decreased from 2.2 to 1.8 per family - which are continuing increasingly rapidly in societies' future. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hammersmith: HarperCollins Publishers Limited. Laslett, T. P. R. and Wall, R. (1972) (eds.), Household and Family in Past Time (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press) as cited in Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., 2003. Sociology. 2nd Edition. United States: Oxford University Press Inc. O'Day, R. (1994), The Family and Family Relationships 1500-1900: England, France and the United States of America (Basingstoke: Macmillan) as cited in Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., 2003. Sociology. 2nd Edition. United States: Oxford University Press Inc. Parsons, T, 'The Family its Function and Destiny', in R N Ansden (ed.), The Social Structure of the Family, Harper and Row, 1949 as cited in Introduction to O'Donnell, M., 1997. Introduction to Sociology. 4th Edition. Surrey: Thomas Nelson & Sons Ltd. Petre, J. (2006): Majority of births will soon be out of wedlock', Telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/global/main.jhtml?xml=/global/2006/02/21/ntrend21.xml Rodger, J.J. (1996), Family Life and Social Control (Houndmills: macmillan) as cited in Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., 2003. Sociology. 2nd Edition. United States: Oxford University Press Inc. Wilkinson, Helen and Geoff Mulgan (1995): Freedom's Children: Work, Relationships and Politics for 18-34 year olds in Britain Today (London: Demos) as cited in Giddens, A., 2001. Sociology. 4th Edition. Cambridge: Polity Press in association with Blackwell Publishers Ltd. Womack, S. (2004): Number of babies born out of wedlock rises to 41 per cent', telegraph, http://www.telegraph.co.uk/global/main.jhtml?xml=/global/2004/05/17/brwed14.xml Young, M. And Willmott, P. (1957), Family and Kinship in East London (London: Routledge & Kegan Paul) as cited in Fulcher, J. and Scott, J., 2003. Sociology. 2nd Edition. United States: Oxford University Press Inc. ?? ?? ?? ?? 1 ...read more.

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