• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Does Media Violence Lead to Aggression and Societal Violence?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Man-Ju Lin Sara Talpos English 125 16 April 2006 Does Media Violence Lead to Aggression and Societal Violence? In 2003 Devin Moore, a teenager from Alabama, was caught and brought to police station on suspicion of stealing a car. In the police station, Moore said to Ace Mealer, a 911 dispatcher, "Life is a video game. You've got to die sometime" (par. 16). He suddenly grabbed the gun and shot three police officers, then drove off in a police car but was later apprehended. On October 9th 2005, he was sentenced to death by lethal injection. Moore had played the violent video game Grand Theft Auto day and night for months. This violent video game has sold more than 35 million copies, with worldwide sales approaching $2 billion. It is a game that provides the pseudo-world that is governed by the laws of depravity (Associated Press). The famous case of Devin Moore motivated by this game serves as an evidence for the "copycat" crimes, which raised the concern on the effect of media violence. The debate over the effects of media violence began in 1920s when researchers in the United States and Great Britain began studying the effect of the introduction of television. ...read more.

Middle

According to Gerbner's research, children could learn from television and believe that violence is the acceptable way to solve conflict. Children who grow up in such environment will generally internalise distorted views of the social world and make assumptions about various aspects that is not based on reality. However, cultivation is "usually described as a hypothesis rather than a formal media effects theory due to a lack of supporting, empirical evidence to explain how the cultivation process occurs" (Bryant et al. 102). When considering the possible effects media violence may have on the audience, we also need to account for television viewers' age, gender, social status, and other psychological traits since these also affects their way of perceiving images portrayed in television. One cannot conclude that media violence leads to aggression without carefully considering these actors. Recent statistics have also shown that the portrayal of violence in media does not necessarily cause societal violence. According to the Bureau of Justice Statistics report in 1998, violent crimes have decreased 7 percent compared to 1997. They reported in 1999 "the number of high school students who fight or carry weapon is smaller than in years past" (Bryant et al. 187). "Large spikes in violent crime in the United States occurred without associated media violence spikes during the 1880s and 1930s" (Wikipedia). ...read more.

Conclusion

Different audiences can interpret and make meanings of media text by using their diverse cultual tools such as language, religion, pre-existing belief, experience and values (Croteau et al.). Audience are free-thinking and free-spirited. We would respond differently to the same media text. We would also interact with other audience and develop shared meanings of media content. When we perceive violent messages in the media, we would express and exchange our feelings with others. We do not simply mimic the violent act. We would not be directly affected by the message because we actively interprete the message by applying our cognition, logic , prior experiences and knowledge. We know that violence is wrong and may lead to punishment thus we would not behave violently. Hence media violence would not necessarily lead us to behave violently and commit violent crimes. The issue of media violence is controversial indeed. If we take a step back and ask ourselves who is responsible for societal violence, media is definitely not the only answer. Teenagers who know that violent behavior is wrong but still engage in violent acts deserve punishment and should blame themselves. Irresponsible parents who failed to educate their children or even abuse the children should be blamed. Government that failed to implement measures such as gun control to prevent societal violence should also be blamed. After all, media is not the sole factor that contributes to societal violence. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Media essays

  1. To what extent can it be argued that violent films cause violence in society?

    Adherents of the Interpretive and Structured Interpretive Models would also criticize the studies for failing to take into account the thought processes and social experiences of the audience. The Cultural Effects Model can be used to justify the view that violent films and media cause violence in society.

  2. Censorship is a controversial word. Discuss.

    "A lot of people in the world are against censorship just for the mere reason they say it's unconstitutional;" they believe it is taking away from free of speech and choice. Censorship is not taking away the rights of citizens, it is protecting the rights of people who do not wish to be exposed to certain things.

  1. Censorship in school media.

    I wanted to see what power, if any, school administrators have over student-run media outlets. I also wanted to find out more about the incident involving the Hazelwood School District in Missouri. To be quite frank, I wanted to find out anything and everything I could about censorship in school media.

  2. Are we influenced by TV and film? Briefly discuss the evidence and arguments for ...

    In Victorian times when a child reached the age of eleven or twelve they were expected to work. By the end of the Second World War changes were made to the education act, which enabled children to remain in school until they reached fifteen years of age.

  1. Free essay

    In what ways television affects

    access to these children and it will be easier for me and the children. The sample of the children I will be studying is opportunity sampling as the sample depends on whether the adults agree to their children being in the sample.

  2. How is Crime represented in the Media

    they might like to keep their own opinions to them selves and the interviewer might influence the respondent. Ethical Concerns. When carrying out my research I will be aware of the participant's right to refuse in taking parting my research.

  1. How does the media represent female bodies?

    The type script used is very large against a bright yellow background so that the visual impact is very powerful. Yet I wanted to fairly represent these magazines so I looked into how many positive comments they made and 32 pages of images accompanied by positive comments were found.

  2. Ethics in the Media

    The book: "People who should be phased out: Guys who wear suits all day and think an earring makes them cool all night."(Carlin;Jurkowitz 3). The column: "I don't get it when guys over forty think they're cool because they wear an earring."(Barnicle;Jurkowitz 3).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work