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Does violence in the media effect peoples behaviours and opinions?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Contents: * Introduction: page 3 * Context: page 3 * Methodology: page 4 * Evidence: page 6 * Evaluation: page 13 * Conclusion: page 14 Introduction: Violence in the Media has often been criticised for influencing the youth generations to commit more crimes of a violent nature. The ground for these claims is the mass increase in the number of violent programmes shown on television. I intend to study the Media and its effects on violence. This interests me as the Media is portrayed as the sole perpetrator of youth violence and I my study will see whether or not this is the case. This will be a great interest to sociologists and society as a whole as it will any other sources which may relate to crime, such as high rates of unemployment, poor educational facilities and such. The aim of my study is to research people's opinions regarding whether TV violence causes an increase in violent crimes. I also intend to study whether or not these opinions change between younger and older generations and also if parenthood affects people's opinions. To research these aims, I am going to construct and distribute a questionnaire. The reason for doing such is that they are cheap to design and distribute and they collect a large amount of data from a large sample size. In my study I am going to use several sources to ground my background research upon. Firstly, I am going research Bandura's Bobo doll study that found a link between violence in television and aggressive acts towards toys. Also I am going to research Context: There are several underlying theories and research findings that I must be aware of when planning my study. The Hypodermic syringe model is an example of such a theory. This theory sees the media as like 'an injection into the veins of the audience'. Most of this models research has been directed on the effects of the cinema on children. ...read more.

Middle

This is especially true if they are rewarded on TV for their actions regardless of its moral purpose. The graph above shows, there are a significantly higher number of participants that do not mimic actions of their on screen 'icons'. Those that do mimic their actions only do so on an occasional basis. This suggests that those who watch violent media possibly are only influenced to mimic the actions by external factors such as peer pressure. 3. Do you think violence is linked to aggression? This is linked to aim 1, which is to research people's opinions regarding whether TV violence causes an increase in aggression. This may affect violent crime rates as it has been found increased aggression increases the likelihood of committing a crime. It also encourages respondents explain the reasoning behind their views. The graph above shows that 3 times the number of number of participants believed TV violence only has a partial effect, mainly to those who are heavy TV users. The graph above also shows that respondent's answers tended to be split into two groups. 8 respondents believed media violence is linked to aggression, as an extract from a participant's response highlights 'Yes as small children have role models on TV and imitate them'. 5 respondents held the view that partially believed media violence is linked to aggression as the example shows 'media violence may mostly only effect small children'. Both extracts suggest that only young children or adolescents behave aggressively as a result of TV violence. The first extract suggests that children imitate aggressive behaviour as they see their role model behaving in an aggressive matter and they may therefore assume this is an acceptable trait in society. 4. What do you think is the reason for increasing crime rates in today's societies? Although this question is not directly linked to the aims, it was designed to collect data regarding people's general views on the causes of crime before I focus on the medias effects on crime rates and violent behaviour. ...read more.

Conclusion

This means that the data collect is both valid as people's beliefs are expressed. It is also reliable as the quantatative data is collected from a large source of respondents. As the data is numerical, the data cannot be misinterpreted. These factors are of great importance as it means that the data collected is an accurate description of the target population's beliefs. However this method also has its faults. As there was a large amount of qualitative questions that allowed participants to write about a particular point, many questionnaires were returned incomplete, despite being asked to attempt every question. This coupled with a low response rate meant, that analysing the data has proven difficult trying to compare similarities and differences in opinions. Conclusion: Previous research suggested that parents would have stronger views than that of teenagers as they value the protection of their own children. This was opposed to teenagers theorising about having children and the depth to which they wish to protect them. However this study found teenagers had a higher priority over protecting children from harms of the media violence. This strongly rejects previous studies. This maybe due to the fact that there is increasingly little time for parents to maintain a constant watch over the children. Due to pressures of modern society & the greater number of working mums. Parents therefore realise the difficulties in maintain both a working life and a suitable environment for which the child can grow up and develop in. Teenagers may underestimate this and therefore perceive a greater amount of time to dedicate to the protection of their children against violent media. This therefore implies that although the results show teenagers place more value in protecting the children from harm, this is not the case in real life. Due to pressures unbeknown to teenagers, the time they wish to spend protecting children is impossible. In reality. Parents and teenagers both place high values on protecting children, and therefore society from media violence. Jonathan Gurney 1 ...read more.

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