• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13

"DRUG OFFENCES ARE VICTIMLESS CRIMES AND SHOULD BE TREATED AS SUCH". DISCUSS

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

University of Portsmouth Bsc. (Hons) Policing and Police Studies "DRUG OFFENCES ARE VICTIMLESS CRIMES AND SHOULD BE TREATED AS SUCH". DISCUSS . Registration Number 227296 The UK Parliament announced in May 2002 that 'There are no easy answers to the problems posed by drug abuse, but it seems to us that certain trends are unmistakable. If there is any single lesson from the experience of the last 30 years, it is that policies based wholly or mainly on enforcement are destined to fail. It remains an unhappy fact that the best efforts of police and Customs have had little, if any, impact on the availability of illegal drugs and this is reflected in the prices on the street which are as low as they have ever been. The best that can be said, and the evidence for this is shaky, is that we have succeeded in containing the problem'. The 2001/2002 British Crime Survey estimates that 34% of 16 to 59 year-olds have used an illicit drug at some time and 12% have used a Class 'A' drug1. Along with abortion, prostitution, homosexuality, drug misuse is often referred to as a 'victimless' crime. It will be the intention of this paper to brief the Chief Constable concerning a critical policing issue, namely the use of controlled drugs. ...read more.

Middle

This thinking presumes that both sides of the 'British System' are dealing with different people. This is not the case. It was found that drug counsellors and doctors encourage users to come forward to receive treatment. Whilst the criminal justice system was processing increasing numbers of drugs offenders through police stations and the courts. Collison criticises the latter process here as it was shown that the two parts were frequently dealing with the same person (Collison 1993 ibid). The total value of the UK drugs market has been estimated at 6,613.54 million pounds sterling. These figures include the use by regular, occasional and prison users in the UK population aged between 16 and 59 years. However, a proportion of those who use illegal drugs have serious problems of dependency, and they need substantial sums of money to finance their drug use. This can run to several hundred pounds a week for dependent heroin users, and higher figures still have been reported for some crack users. Bramley-Harker found of all the crack users in his study, 40 per cent were using crack on a daily basis and 2 daily users (1.9%) had weekly expenditures in excess of �2,000. The relationship between crime and drug use is complex. ...read more.

Conclusion

Drug dependants, whose needs are exploited by suppliers, are victims. Those 'third party' members of the community who suffer the acquisition crime needed to feed these habits are victims. It can also be said that the increased financial outgoings taken from taxpaying families makes them victims. The socio- economic cost is estimated to be more than twelve billion pounds, it is continually said that 'the use of Class A drugs in the last year among 16- to 24-year-olds has not changed significantly since 1994' (British Crime Survey 2002). I would like to see a shift in policy from a focused detection model to one that invests the huge sums of money currently spent more effectively. Such enforcement methods can tend to alienate the police and other partners from the community, who need their help. The introduction of Drug Action Teams and more referral schemes will help treat the social problems attached to drugs use. In closing I would like to see drug offences treated as victim centred crimes, rather than as victimless offences. Law enforcement efforts should be concentrated at an international and organised crime, thus allowing other community partners to lead a multi agency approach at the local level. This may offer the community greater value for money in assisting the third party victims of drugs crime and at the same time helping the social victims who are the users. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Why Aren't Crimes Reported?

    If only a pencil was stolen, they would be better off replacing it instead of bothering the police about it and wasting their time. Too Trivial Some might not report crimes because they think it is too trivial.

  2. It has been claimed that hate crimes are an 'Orwellian response to prejudice'. How ...

    These laws mainly protect ethnic and religious minorities. However, in some states they are extended to prosecute bias against gender and sexual orientation. British laws differ from those in the United States, as they do not yet provide extra punishment for offences motivated by prejudice against the victim's sexual orientation, gender, disability, age, or political affiliation.

  1. Examine the ways in which social policy and laws may have influenced families and ...

    Now women are opting for a career before they have children and with contraception this can be achieved, this can result into longer lasting marriages and for couples to stay in a relationship after having children so there is less single parent families, having the opportunity to choose when you

  2. Describe law and order in London in the late 19th century

    Having been sent to the Central News Agency shows that it was sent to shock the public, baffle the police and help boost the sales of newspapers. The Whitechapel Murders did not only have a negative in Whitechapel. The government realised the critical state of Whitechapel and offered to help,

  1. ‘Discuss the use of alternative strategies of crime prevention and reduction.To illustrate your answer ...

    Osborn and Shaftoe, 1995:27. One positive way of looking at displacement theory, however, is that some measures are not always intended to control crime, but have an added effect to their original schema. For example, in 1970, there was a law passed which made it compulsory to wear helmets when riding motorbikes.

  2. Literature Review: The Impact of Heroin Prices on Robbery Trends

    However, while robbery rates increased sharply from 1996, male unemployment decreased; hence male unemployment was not a determinative factor. BOCSAR thus concluded that an increase in heroin dependence (revealed by an increase in heroin overdose) has a major impact upon the increase of robbery.

  1. The following essay will explore the question; What is the relationship between policing governance ...

    The accountability of individual police in America is a fundamental issue for police executives in America. American police executives are expected to give high priority to ensuring accountability as this is seen as a reflection of their professional commitment. Compared with the USA a key omitted feature in the UK is local democracy.

  2. This paper attempts to analyse Bacceria's (1764) "On Crimes and Punishment" article. In order ...

    Everything beyond this is tyrannical and it emboldens men to commit the very wrongs it is supposed to prevent. The purpose of punishment is "not to torment a sensible being, nor to undo a crime already committed". Instead, the intention is to "to prevent the criminal from doing further injury

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work