• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Education social policy. Key changes in the development of education; such as the tri-partite system, comprehensive schools and the national curriculum shall be discussed, as well as the particularly significant acts of parliament that have shaped the ed

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Education is important for individuals' personal development, socialisation and future career prospects, and also for providing a skilled workforce to meet the needs of society. Key changes in the development of education; such as the tri-partite system, comprehensive schools and the national curriculum shall be discussed, as well as the particularly significant acts of parliament that have shaped the education system. Up until 1880 educational opportunities were extremely limited, and education was only available to the wealthy as they could afford to pay; however even then it was mainly boys who were educated. Girls' education was largely neglected as it was thought unnecessary; as they were to be married off, rather than enter a career. The Mundella Act was introduced in 1880 and made education compulsory for children between the ages of five and ten, though still not free; it was not until 1891 that education was provided for free by the state. An initial problem with making education compulsory was that it was not well enforced to begin with, (Sociology.org) and many people of the working class were unhappy with the new legislation. ...read more.

Middle

The comprehensive system succeeded at creating a more (but not entirely) equal education for children than that provided by the previous system. There are some criticisms of the comprehensive system; for example, it was introduced very gradually, and in some areas not at all, due to the ability of schools to 'opt out'. Furthermore the continuation of private schools means that the wealthy can still pay for a better education, and the classes were not always brought together as intended; because pupils of comprehensives reflect the socio-economic makeup of their catchment area, and some were opposed to the new system on the grounds that those students' who were academically stronger would be 'held back'. It has also been argued that due to 'streaming' comprehensive schools do not offer an equal education, but rather offers the tri-partite system under the same roof. The Conservatives came in to power in 1979, and wished to make changes to the now established comprehensive system; as they believed it was failing to provide a sufficiently skilled work force that could meet the needs of the economy. The 1988 Education Reform Act introduced several major changes including, 'open enrolment'; to allow parents greater choice in what schools to send their children to and the funding of schools became based on how many pupils attended. ...read more.

Conclusion

The education system has changed significantly over time and no doubt society has benefitted greatly from it. Educating children is now normal and compulsory whereas it used to be a privilege exclusive to the wealthy. The tri-partite system was a major development in education, but was eventually abolished in favour of comprehensive schools due to the very apparent inequalities it sustained; the comprehensive system has proved to be far more equal, though not entirely, as evident by the patterns in differential educational attainment of children. Another major development was the implementation of the national curriculum; introduced by the 1988 Education Reform Act which also introduced polices to produce an 'education market'. The education market was maintained by the Labour government (who kept many Conservative polices when they came into power): it is believed to help keep standards in education high, but nevertheless is criticised as it is blamed for some of the remaining inequalities in education. Vocational education has continued to gain popularity since around the 1980`s, and there are now many vocational courses available in further education institutions. 1,990 words Class Notes/ Hand-outs (2009) Haralambos, M. Holborn, M. (2008). Sociology Themes and Perspectives. HarperCollins Limited. London. Alcock, P. May, M. (2003). The Student`s Companion to Social Policy. Blackwell Ltd. London. http://www.sociology.org.uk/as4e2g.htm (cited on 3/5/09) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_education_in_England (cited on 3/5/09) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tripartite_System (cited on 3/5/09) ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    meritocracy which is based on all people being the same and doing well due to their own personal attempts. Heaton and Lawson also argue that even within the hidden curriculum there is a system of inequality which operates in 5 ways: books and text books were women are displayed as

  2. Identify current patterns of ill health and inequality in the UK. Explain probable ...

    Teenage pregnancy is a significant public health issue in England. Teenage pregnancies are prone to poor antenatal health, babies with lower birth weights, and higher infant mortality rates. Teenage mothers are less likely to finish there education, less likely to find a good job, and more likely to end up

  1. essay question sociology - education

    Band 1being classified as children that were able and Stream A, students that had a high abililty usually middle class children. Teachers allowed the Stream C students to make more noise, with hold higher grade knowledge. Students in Stream A are not critical of the teacher's knowledge and trusted the teachers in comparison to Stream C.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    He divided his sample into groups, those who has sloe use of hot water, a bathroom and toilet, and those who had to share. The second group symbolised unsatisfactory living conditions, and those who lived in them gained lower reading test scores.

  1. Demographic changes

    To start off, ageing population is the average age of the population, which is increasing, in other words, people are living longer and on there other hand there are fewer younger people. To demonstrate this from 1971 to mid-2006 the population over 65 grew by 65%, whilst the population under 16 declined by 19%.

  2. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    With the introduction of comprehensive schooling, the selection process by IQ testing was abolished as educationally and socially divisive. Mixed ability teaching was seen as the way forward. One of the principles was to remove the socially divisive tripartite system and education was used to promote social mixing.

  1. sociology of education

    However there are other factors involved in determining a person's level of reward, especially gender and ethnicity as many people are discriminated on those grounds irrespective of level of qualification. One role of education as stated by functionalists is to provide the skills and attitudes which are required in the workplace.

  2. Gender and Education. Explanations of gender differences in subject choice notes.

    Male gaze= for of surveillance through which dominant heterosexual masculinity is reinforced and femininity devalued.! It is one of the ways boys prove their masculinity by telling and retelling stories about their sexual conquests. Boys who don?t display their heterosexuality in this way run the risk of being labelled gay.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work