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Employment opertunities for women in Britain in 1914.

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Introduction

In 1914 before world war one-started women's roles were just normal duties. If they were married they would stay at home to look after the children while the husband worked for the weekly wage. (A women's place was in the home also cooking and cleaning.) In 1911, a census showed that 90% of all married women did not work. Women worked as servants and in factories. In 1914 there was 5.9 million women working out of 23.7 million. There was about 1.5 million working in domestic service, 900,00 working in textiles and 500,000 in the sweated trades. Some of the middle class women worked as lawyers, teaches or doctors. Domestic Service The middle class women sometimes worked in domestic service but normally had the better jobs as working as governess, chamber maid or lady's maid. ...read more.

Middle

There first job would be to stoke the kitchen range to a good heat, so they could boil water for morning tea. Then they had to empty chamber pots and wash them round. Other jobs in the morning would include cleaning kitchen passages, pantries and scullery, laying up servants table for breakfast and tea and wash up after. At all times keeping the kitchen spotless. They had there dinner at midday with the kitchen maid. In the afternoon they would wash up after the other servants and the family dinners. In the afternoon they were expected to wash up all the pots and pans after dinner and tea and lay up the servants table. They also assisted the kitchen maid with food preparation and clean the kitchen passages, scullery and the kitchen again. ...read more.

Conclusion

On such low incomes these women were hardly able to afford food let alone nice clothes. Education and professions Woman worked in higher jobs but still got paid less than the men. Even the women that become teachers which was about 124 000 in 1900 is some what misleading as they only got jobs in junior or nursery schools and the senior schools had all male teachers. Elizabeth Garrett Anderson became the first women to qualify as a doctor but she struggled to make progress as men would not go to a female doctor and the women just carried on seeing their normal doctors. Overall the employment opportunities was better for the higher class women but was not even then equal to men. Women were very limited to what they could do and how much they could earn. It was put up with the pay and conditions or go without. ...read more.

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