• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate a micro and macro sociological perspective in relationship to the study of society. Use examples to make your point.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐David Jacob 12D 04/10/2012 Evaluate a micro and macro sociological perspective in relationship to the study of society. Use examples to make your point. A perspective is simply a way of looking at something. Sociological perspectives are as set of theories, which present a way of looking at society; many of these have opposing views and as a result, look upon society in completely different ways to one another. A Marxist perspective of society revolves around the theory that the economic system heavily influences society, because of the ruling classes -who Marxists refer to as the Bourgeoisie-controlling the means of production; they strive to exploit the workers, also known as the Proletariat for the greatest profit. Marx believed that one day the Proletariat would realise this false consciousness and rise up against the Bourgeoisie. The Bourgeoisie, through the power of the dominant ideology, keeps these workers, the Proletariat, in a state of false consciousness meaning that there is very little social mobility. In previous instances in history, Religion was referred to as the ?opiate of the people? and in some instances, I think this has been replaced with the education system. ...read more.

Middle

LeCompte (1997) observed that the use of qualitative research methodologies within the functionalist tradition were very popular in the early to mid-20th century. These studies used participant observation to provide a complete view of schools like Hollingshead?s Elmstown?s Youth (1947). Symbolic Interactionism, or social action theory, encompasses the discovery of how social interaction takes place between individuals and small groups; and that social structures are manmade. It also presents the idea that people have free will to form their identities, rather than the structuralist approach of Marxism. There is an overwhelming emphasis placed on the individual, resulting in a micro approach, an example of which is analysing an individual gang instead of crime statistics as a whole, to show how they are labelled deviants. A further example of such is that people?s behaviours are not scripted, it is solely based on the individual?s perception of the event, and the resultant action will further influence the behaviour of the people involved. Participant observation has again been used in interpretive perspective, such as ?Making the Grade? (1968) by Becker, Geer, and Hughes. Symbolic interactionism however is concerned with face-to-face encounters and how individuals are classified and labelled. ...read more.

Conclusion

Liberal feminism wants to ensure that women are given equal chances in life with the present system through changes in the law. It can be argued that the supposed patriarchal society that feminists seek to change is slowly diminishing. There are a higher percentage of females attending university and going into higher paid jobs than there were 50 years ago; it is shown that girls also achieve higher grades in GCSE?s and A-Levels than boys, which may be because of physiological differences, or that girls pay more attention in a school environment. This can be clearly shown through quantitative data such as exam results and by looking at the percentage split of graduates getting professional jobs. In conclusion, the study of society is ever changing and far too complex to have one perspective that is completely right, leading me to believe that a combination of perspectives is the only way that society can begin to understand itself. Education is also a very complex aspect of society as it is influenced by the individual, the ruling classes, the law and also how it is used- meaning that again, you cannot use one perspective to measure it and make a judgement on it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    Trends within Breast Cancer Mortality Breast cancer mortality rates in the UK have fallen dramatically since 1989 when 15,625 women died from the disease compared with 12,417 in 2005. Over the same period the breast cancer age-standardized death rates have fallen by 33% from 42 to 28 per 100,000 women,

  2. Black Feminism

    Evidence suggests that race significantly affects black women's experiences of treatment in areas such as education, the health service, and the labour market. The influence of race on how black women receive representation in popular culture and the mass media has also been demonstrated, (Haleh Afshar And Mary Maynard 1995:14).

  1. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspective

    Feminism Is a political, cultural and economical movement aimed at establishing equal rights and legal protection for women, it is a movement that campaigns for women's rights and interests as well as gender equality. Feminist activists have campaigned for women's legal rights, rights of contract, property rights and for reproductive

  2. This essay will evaluate three groups within society; the Feminists, Postmodernists and the Marxists, ...

    Taylor and Field, (2008) state that an individual can choose from a constantly changing range of goods and leisure activities. Surveillance devices such as, fitness trackers and Apple products are popular; with smartphones being a consumer's main purchase. The smartphone is the main product that monitors your information, using it

  1. Functionalism, Marxism and Interactionism. Complimentary or Contradictory?

    The ruling class ideas are referred to as ideology. Capitalist society gives the idea society is meritocratic (if you work hard enough you can get on). The working class are convinced capitalism has supplied them with a decent standard of living. Capitalist ideology shapes the culture of society by such things as mass media using advertisements to buy and

  2. The Contrasting Views of Education from the Marxists and Functionalists Perspective.

    Curtain behaviours are promoted and curtain behaviours are not. Social control is created by the guardian or parent in order for the child to be accepted into society. If a child where to deviate from the norms created by their parents they may be punished, informal control is the only form of control a child may understand.

  1. Sociology Exam Study Guide

    It also alienates the individual from the product because they are only one part in completing the ultimate product verses having that personal connection and care for the product they are making. Just like puzzle pieces they all have to work together to complete the big picture.

  2. Assess the usefulness of interactionist approaches to the study of society

    The looking glass self: Charles Cooper (1922) uses labelling to describe how we develop our self- concept. We obtain our self-concept by taking the role of the other. Others act as a looking glass to us, and we see ourselves mirrored in the way they behave/respond to us so a self-fulfilling prophecy occurs.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work