• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate a micro and macro sociological perspective in relationship to the study of society. Use examples to make your point.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐David Jacob 12D 04/10/2012 Evaluate a micro and macro sociological perspective in relationship to the study of society. Use examples to make your point. A perspective is simply a way of looking at something. Sociological perspectives are as set of theories, which present a way of looking at society; many of these have opposing views and as a result, look upon society in completely different ways to one another. A Marxist perspective of society revolves around the theory that the economic system heavily influences society, because of the ruling classes -who Marxists refer to as the Bourgeoisie-controlling the means of production; they strive to exploit the workers, also known as the Proletariat for the greatest profit. Marx believed that one day the Proletariat would realise this false consciousness and rise up against the Bourgeoisie. The Bourgeoisie, through the power of the dominant ideology, keeps these workers, the Proletariat, in a state of false consciousness meaning that there is very little social mobility. In previous instances in history, Religion was referred to as the ?opiate of the people? and in some instances, I think this has been replaced with the education system. ...read more.

Middle

LeCompte (1997) observed that the use of qualitative research methodologies within the functionalist tradition were very popular in the early to mid-20th century. These studies used participant observation to provide a complete view of schools like Hollingshead?s Elmstown?s Youth (1947). Symbolic Interactionism, or social action theory, encompasses the discovery of how social interaction takes place between individuals and small groups; and that social structures are manmade. It also presents the idea that people have free will to form their identities, rather than the structuralist approach of Marxism. There is an overwhelming emphasis placed on the individual, resulting in a micro approach, an example of which is analysing an individual gang instead of crime statistics as a whole, to show how they are labelled deviants. A further example of such is that people?s behaviours are not scripted, it is solely based on the individual?s perception of the event, and the resultant action will further influence the behaviour of the people involved. Participant observation has again been used in interpretive perspective, such as ?Making the Grade? (1968) by Becker, Geer, and Hughes. Symbolic interactionism however is concerned with face-to-face encounters and how individuals are classified and labelled. ...read more.

Conclusion

Liberal feminism wants to ensure that women are given equal chances in life with the present system through changes in the law. It can be argued that the supposed patriarchal society that feminists seek to change is slowly diminishing. There are a higher percentage of females attending university and going into higher paid jobs than there were 50 years ago; it is shown that girls also achieve higher grades in GCSE?s and A-Levels than boys, which may be because of physiological differences, or that girls pay more attention in a school environment. This can be clearly shown through quantitative data such as exam results and by looking at the percentage split of graduates getting professional jobs. In conclusion, the study of society is ever changing and far too complex to have one perspective that is completely right, leading me to believe that a combination of perspectives is the only way that society can begin to understand itself. Education is also a very complex aspect of society as it is influenced by the individual, the ruling classes, the law and also how it is used- meaning that again, you cannot use one perspective to measure it and make a judgement on it. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Sociology Feminism

    Dale Spender is a radical feminist; she spent most of her childhood convincing her mother not to do the house work unless her father pitched in. Nowadays she is designing purple credit cards to help homeless women, and encouraging people to make money from their thoughts and ideas.

  2. Use sociological terminology to describe the principal sociological perspective

    rights and protection of women and girls from domestic violence, sexual harassment and rape. Rights for women in the workforce including maternity leave, equal pay, against misogyny and against other forms of gender specific discrimination against women. Internationalism Internationalism has become one of the dominant sociological perspectives in the world today.

  1. Sociological theories and Healthcare.

    obese which maybe why the figures of the fertility have plummeted in the last few years. In 1960's the diet was a lot healthier they wasn't no way as many fast food services as they is now and all the food was done by fresh, also there wasn't really any

  2. Health and Society

    world we are placing the doctors of this world as the elite, and that infact that illness is then temporary and wellness is the norm. By eradicating external/social factors out of the equation, a question for example such as "Why do non smokers also die of lung cancer?"

  1. This essay will evaluate three groups within society; the Feminists, Postmodernists and the Marxists, ...

    as state benefits, public education, or healthcare; it can been classed as security screening or profiling practice, however, it is still a collection of personal information. Surveillance systems amplify existing social inequalities, reproducing regimes of control and the possible exclusion of marginalised groups within society (Monahan, 2008).

  2. The Contrasting Views of Education from the Marxists and Functionalists Perspective.

    The foundation years are where the child would first socialise outside the family. From a functionalist perspective, socialisation in education helps the child develop social norms to create a value consensus. Socialising in schools helps a child to be integrated into society.

  1. Assess the usefulness of interactionist approaches to the study of society

    It offers explanations for how and why people communicate in public and small group situations. But it doesn?t offer much for understanding communication in more intimate setting. The Dramaturgical Model also fails to explain the underlying processes and motivations that are involved in communicating with others.

  2. Functionalism, Marxism and Interactionism. Complimentary or Contradictory?

    will attempt to live up to social and cultural expectations without question. Another key sociological theory I will be looking at is Marxism, based on the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-83)

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work