• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education I am going to look at the different roles and functions of education which is portrayed by functionalism, Marxists and the new right perspective evaluating them and there criticisms. The functionalism perspective on education focus's on the positive aspects. From Durkheim we learn how he saw the function of education as socialisation, transmitting societies norms and values. He believes that without these the society would break down and lack social solidarity. Durkheim conveys to us how school is essential for society as it is a vital function to a smooth running society giving us social order. He also argues that it prepares pupils for later life and work by helping them co-operate with others and teach them modern day skills such as ict. By looking at Durkheims theory we learn how he believes in social control as without rules, discipline and punishment people will be unable to conform and provide social order in society. However we can criticize Durkheim as he fails to highlight how not everyone has social control as they disobey the rules and punishments given to them throughout life. ...read more.


Two other functionalism theorists in which we look at is David and Moore and there role allocation theory. This is where they believe schools act as sieve which sorts out individuals in terms of their abilities. Yet the relationship between academic qualification and job success is not always apparent or guaranteed in today's recession. There is also evidence that pupils are not solely graded on their ability showing how the education system is not equal. The New Right is the next perspective in which we evaluate, it is similar to functionalism as they both believe people are naturally more talented than others. They also believe education should socialise pupils into shared values such as competition and provide a sense of identity. Also that the education systems prepares young people for the life of work. However one main difference between the two is that New Right doesn't believe that the education system at the moment is achieving the above goals and the reason for this is because government schools do not take account to their pupils that is providing lower standards of achievement which means a less qualified work place and less prosperous economy. ...read more.


Bowles and Gints are one Marxists views on education they see it's primary function as the production of labour power. Providing a work force which is hard working, docile and highly motivated. They coined the term Hidden Curriculum which is shaping the future workforce as it provides and produces a subservient work force of uncritical workers. It can also encourage an acceptance of an hierarchy in the workplace. It also motivates us by the thought of qualifications as rewards and the fragmentation of school subjects. They also reject the views of the meritocratic system as they believe class background is the most influential factor in levels of attainment. Both also believe the wealthy tend to obtain higher qualifications regardless of ability and that equal terms is all an illusion, To conclude we see how Functionalism and Marxists have the complete opposite views to each other whilst the New Right perspective show characteristics from both. Yet the function of education is seen by each of them as an important aspect of today's society which prepares us for later life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    than others this proves that meritocracy can not exist as teachers label and can change results so not every one gets a fair chance as if your labelled as bright you'll do better and if your not you won't do as well.

  2. Outline and evaluate Functionalism view of education

    People are just being led into a sense of false class consciousness and are being persuaded into thinking they have the same values of everyone else when they actually haven't. Next the second function he described was the teaching of specialist skills.

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    * He claims the classroom is like a 'miniature society' in which it provides training for the wider society and affects the transition from childhood to adulthood, with it acting as a bridge between the family and wider society. * In school, young people are judged equally in terms of standards of conduct and academic success.

  2. Sociology of Education

    The 1970s focused on the underachievement of girls within the education system. Originally taught more feminine subjects, such as cookery and needlework, in preparation for motherhood, girls were now able to study the same classes as boys including woodwork and metalwork. Women were starting to combine work and a family.

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    Education encourages social solidarity through several ways. E.g. in History, pupils learn that they share a heritage - (they are from Britain and the British fought for the country in 2 World Wars). Furthermore, citizenship tries to encourage community spirit, emphasising certain norms and values that should bring people together.

  2. Examining the role of education- Functionalism and the New Right:

    case for opening it up to market forces of supply and demand. They reached this conclusion after a comparison of the academic performance of students from low income families from both public and private schools, and have attributed the better performance of private school students to structural differences between the two types of school.

  1. Compare and contrast any two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

    Functionalism came from a man called Emile Durkheim who focused on the Consensus theory. This theory believes that everyone gets higher up due to hard work. They overlook the details in everything and all the cultural and gender and religious differences that effect a person and family.

  2. Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in ...

    Pupils learn how some have more power than others, and mix with people, how to follow a set of rules and which certain behavior will help them later in life. In the future they will have to survive in society and accept social rules which school gets you ready for.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work