• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education I am going to look at the different roles and functions of education which is portrayed by functionalism, Marxists and the new right perspective evaluating them and there criticisms. The functionalism perspective on education focus's on the positive aspects. From Durkheim we learn how he saw the function of education as socialisation, transmitting societies norms and values. He believes that without these the society would break down and lack social solidarity. Durkheim conveys to us how school is essential for society as it is a vital function to a smooth running society giving us social order. He also argues that it prepares pupils for later life and work by helping them co-operate with others and teach them modern day skills such as ict. By looking at Durkheims theory we learn how he believes in social control as without rules, discipline and punishment people will be unable to conform and provide social order in society. However we can criticize Durkheim as he fails to highlight how not everyone has social control as they disobey the rules and punishments given to them throughout life. ...read more.

Middle

Two other functionalism theorists in which we look at is David and Moore and there role allocation theory. This is where they believe schools act as sieve which sorts out individuals in terms of their abilities. Yet the relationship between academic qualification and job success is not always apparent or guaranteed in today's recession. There is also evidence that pupils are not solely graded on their ability showing how the education system is not equal. The New Right is the next perspective in which we evaluate, it is similar to functionalism as they both believe people are naturally more talented than others. They also believe education should socialise pupils into shared values such as competition and provide a sense of identity. Also that the education systems prepares young people for the life of work. However one main difference between the two is that New Right doesn't believe that the education system at the moment is achieving the above goals and the reason for this is because government schools do not take account to their pupils that is providing lower standards of achievement which means a less qualified work place and less prosperous economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bowles and Gints are one Marxists views on education they see it's primary function as the production of labour power. Providing a work force which is hard working, docile and highly motivated. They coined the term Hidden Curriculum which is shaping the future workforce as it provides and produces a subservient work force of uncritical workers. It can also encourage an acceptance of an hierarchy in the workplace. It also motivates us by the thought of qualifications as rewards and the fragmentation of school subjects. They also reject the views of the meritocratic system as they believe class background is the most influential factor in levels of attainment. Both also believe the wealthy tend to obtain higher qualifications regardless of ability and that equal terms is all an illusion, To conclude we see how Functionalism and Marxists have the complete opposite views to each other whilst the New Right perspective show characteristics from both. Yet the function of education is seen by each of them as an important aspect of today's society which prepares us for later life. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    than others this proves that meritocracy can not exist as teachers label and can change results so not every one gets a fair chance as if your labelled as bright you'll do better and if your not you won't do as well.

  2. Outline and evaluate Functionalism view of education

    People are just being led into a sense of false class consciousness and are being persuaded into thinking they have the same values of everyone else when they actually haven't. Next the second function he described was the teaching of specialist skills.

  1. Sociology of Education

    Overall there are many differing viewpoints on the sociology of education. Marxists would say that working class people are kept at this level as the government does not want them to achieve. The economy needs factory owners and workers and therefore schools just train the working class to make profits for the ruling class.

  2. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    David Hargreaves also criticises Durkheim's view on the comprehensive school, claiming it puts too much emphasis on developing the individual and not enough on the responsibilities the individual should have towards group life. He also goes on to say it isn't clear that education in modern Britain succeeds in transmitting

  1. Assess the importance of evidence from studies of social mobility for the main theoretical ...

    They found instead that 70%+ of service class sons were in the service class by the age of 33 compared to 40% of intermediate class sons and only 25% of working class sons. This is supported by Goldthorpe's study (1972)

  2. Examining the role of education- Functionalism and the New Right:

    case for opening it up to market forces of supply and demand. They reached this conclusion after a comparison of the academic performance of students from low income families from both public and private schools, and have attributed the better performance of private school students to structural differences between the two types of school.

  1. Compare and contrast any two major theoretical perspectives in Sociology.

    Whilst there are some similarities both are diametrically opposed in their interpretation of the social system as functionalism is based on consensus. Functionalism originally borrowed ideas from biology. They see each part of society as having a function e.g. each part of the body has a function and need one another to work as a whole.

  2. Functionalists believe the role of education is to teach the key skills needed in ...

    Pupils learn how some have more power than others, and mix with people, how to follow a set of rules and which certain behavior will help them later in life. In the future they will have to survive in society and accept social rules which school gets you ready for.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work