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Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education

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Introduction

´╗┐Evaluate The different Theoretical Arguments On The Role And Function Of Education I am going to look at the different roles and functions of education which is portrayed by functionalism, Marxists and the new right perspective evaluating them and there criticisms. The functionalism perspective on education focus's on the positive aspects. From Durkheim we learn how he saw the function of education as socialisation, transmitting societies norms and values. He believes that without these the society would break down and lack social solidarity. Durkheim conveys to us how school is essential for society as it is a vital function to a smooth running society giving us social order. He also argues that it prepares pupils for later life and work by helping them co-operate with others and teach them modern day skills such as ict. By looking at Durkheims theory we learn how he believes in social control as without rules, discipline and punishment people will be unable to conform and provide social order in society. However we can criticize Durkheim as he fails to highlight how not everyone has social control as they disobey the rules and punishments given to them throughout life. ...read more.

Middle

Two other functionalism theorists in which we look at is David and Moore and there role allocation theory. This is where they believe schools act as sieve which sorts out individuals in terms of their abilities. Yet the relationship between academic qualification and job success is not always apparent or guaranteed in today's recession. There is also evidence that pupils are not solely graded on their ability showing how the education system is not equal. The New Right is the next perspective in which we evaluate, it is similar to functionalism as they both believe people are naturally more talented than others. They also believe education should socialise pupils into shared values such as competition and provide a sense of identity. Also that the education systems prepares young people for the life of work. However one main difference between the two is that New Right doesn't believe that the education system at the moment is achieving the above goals and the reason for this is because government schools do not take account to their pupils that is providing lower standards of achievement which means a less qualified work place and less prosperous economy. ...read more.

Conclusion

Bowles and Gints are one Marxists views on education they see it's primary function as the production of labour power. Providing a work force which is hard working, docile and highly motivated. They coined the term Hidden Curriculum which is shaping the future workforce as it provides and produces a subservient work force of uncritical workers. It can also encourage an acceptance of an hierarchy in the workplace. It also motivates us by the thought of qualifications as rewards and the fragmentation of school subjects. They also reject the views of the meritocratic system as they believe class background is the most influential factor in levels of attainment. Both also believe the wealthy tend to obtain higher qualifications regardless of ability and that equal terms is all an illusion, To conclude we see how Functionalism and Marxists have the complete opposite views to each other whilst the New Right perspective show characteristics from both. Yet the function of education is seen by each of them as an important aspect of today's society which prepares us for later life. ...read more.

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