• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Evaluate the use of official statistics as a source of information on crime.

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Title ?Evaluate the use of official statistics as a source of information on crime.? Name: Abu Ashif Mohammad Aminuzzaman (Rupok) Module Name: Introduction to Criminology Word Count ? 461 words In this essay, the use of official statistics as a source of information on crime is evaluated. There are many ways of recording crime statistics; they are British Crime Survey, Police Recorded Crimes, and Self-Report Study. British Crime Survey, now known as Crime Survey for England and Wales as Scotland is no longer included, provides information on crime and victimization through a victimisation survey. ...read more.


Only three out of hundred British Crime Surveys result in the offender being convicted[2]. Police Recorded Crimes are reported to the police. Theses statistics provide a good overview of trends in well-reported crimes. They are an important indicator of police workload and can be used for analysing local crime patterns.[3] The disadvantages of Police recorded crimes are that the statistics are only those that are recorded, minor offences are not recorded and approximately and only 57% of all crimes that are reported, fail to appear in the official statistics.[4] Self-report Study consists of a survey in which the respondents report on aspects of the offences they have committed over a period of time. ...read more.


However, crimes such as fraud, domestic violence and child abuse are less likely to appear in self-report studies. There is also the ?dark figure? or ?hidden figure? of unrecorded crimes. To understand why the dark figure of crime escapes exact measurement, realize that for a crime to be officially recorded, three things must happen: someone must be aware that a crime has been committed; someone must report that crime; and the police must accept that a law has been violated.[5] Many sexual offences such as rape are not reported or recorded due to the reputation of the victim. Both the official sources and Self-report studies produces a partial statistics of crime and this leads to a one-sided view of the social characteristics of offenders. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Free essay

    local trends in crime in Britain

    the attitudes to crime and to ascertain whether participants were satisfied with policing policies. The questions were fixed choice questions. This research method was used, as firstly, it is relatively cheap. Secondly, it maintains the anonymity of the participants and therefore lies within the British ethical guidelines.

  2. Describe the meaning of official statistics, victim surveys and self-reported studies as ways of ...

    Using questionnaires and interviews to collect information self-report studies ask the participant to admit to the number of crimes they have committed. This data can then be compared to the official statistics to show which offenders and offences are more likely to lead to a conviction.

  1. Describe and Evaluate the Use of Victim Surveys as a Measurement of Criminal Activity

    In 1988 the BCS (British Crime Survey) sampled almost 14,000 addresses that were simply based upon legislative districts and a small sample of adults from each household. Each individual who was sampled filled in four different questionnaires. It has also been highlighted by the BCS that many victims do not report crime.

  2. 'Evaluate the use and importance of official crime statistics both in the tracking of ...

    the need for the police to meet Key Performance Indicators; or attempts to show crime as being higher or lower than the figures would in actual fact suggest), thus allowing the statistics to be constructed in such a way as to mislead and misinform politicians and the general public about the level of crime in our society.

  1. My hypothesis I expect to find that the official crime statistics in ...

    For instance if a window is smashed. Many crimes are not reported to the police and so cannot be recorded by them. Sociologists know that the number of crimes committed is far higher than the official crime statistics suggest, because of the use of self-report studies and victim surveys.

  2. This research project attempts to contrast local crime trends with the British Crime Survey ...

    Evidence suggests that public confidence in the police has declined, especially amongst ethnic minorities. Most crimes are solved from the result of information from victims. If trust breaks down, the flow of vital information ceases and the level of solved crimes diminishes.

  1. The British Penal System

    This kind of punishment is not performed in this country. Many people may believe that the pain experienced by the offender during this punishment may help them to deter them of crime; however there is no real significant evidence, which implies that it is effective.

  2. What can be learned about the extent of crime from official

    Official statistics have many purposes but there foremost aims are to supply policy makers with an indication of the extent of crime, in order for them to introduce effective policies to try and reduce such crime, and to assess the performances of the criminal justices system.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work