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Evaluate Which of the Three Social Factors (Class, Gender, Ethnicity) has the Greatest Impact on Participation in Recorded Street Crime.

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Introduction

Evaluate Which of the Three Social Factors (Class, Gender, Ethnicity) has the Greatest Impact on Participation in Recorded Street Crime. Street crime is the term used to describe certain acts that break the criminal law. These acts include violent assault, robbery, vehicle theft or damage, shop theft, and criminal damage. Often, the fear of crime is more common than the actual crime itself, and poses a larger problem in society than what you may first think. This essay sets out to determine which of the three social factors is held most responsible for the great participation in the recorded rates of street crime. The media has the ability to influence and manipulate people's opinions, and most often portrays the following image as Britain's typical criminal. This is inevitably important to discuss when trying to tackle an essay such as this, because it helps to identify any social stigmas that may be involved with certain groups, or types, of people. * White/West Indian (Dependent on location) * Male * Working class * Late teens - Mid Twenties It is important to recognize that this essay is based on recorded crime, which means that a crime has to be noticed, reported and then recorded by the police. There are two sets of statistics which record crimes, the OCS (Official Crime Statistics) ...read more.

Middle

Theft is a criminal offence that affects the individual. People are generally more aware of this type of crime as it affects them. For example, if a "typical criminal" robs an elderly woman for her handbag, it is seen as highly deviant compared with a highflying business avoiding tax payments, resulting in the rest of the country having to pay 2% more. It is therefore extremely evident that social class has an enormous impact on recorded street crime. The antics and restrictions of the working class make an inevitable rise in crime and those members of the lower classes are almost being given a criminal life because of the due care and attention given to society by the police in relation to street crime in particular. The second social factor I will explore in relation to crime is gender. It is a well-known fact that males ten to commit more crime than females, but why is this? Females are proven to commit more offences such as prostitution and shoplifting. This is because females have more opportunity to commit these types of crime. Although this is the case, females commit fewer vehicle related crimes because of their lack of opportunity. In general, women have less knowledge in this field, and lastly, society would not approve of this type of situation due to the stereotyped belief that women should be the nurturing caring kind, hardly the type to know the ins and outs of a car. ...read more.

Conclusion

When ethnic minorities began coming to Britain, communities were set up for them (Mainly West Indians). The intra-social group crime made this a deprived community, evidently working class. These areas became more and more deviant which, in time, enabled the West Indians to become the 'criminal stereotypes' of certain areas. However, the Chinese remain unintegrated in the UK. They work independently, retaining their culture and do not form communities. This means that intra-social group crime amongst the Chinese is rare due to the lack of Chinese communal areas. Ethnicity does have a huge influence on crime, and the media definitely amplifies this with disproportionate amounts of ethnic minority people featuring on streamline and popular television. This highlights the amount of crime they commit as more of a problem than it actually is. The three social factors I have studies in relation to crime, all obviously influence the crime rate to a certain extent., but which factor has the biggest input into the crime of today? Social class has a tendency to promote intra-social group crime on a large scale with its division of class accommodation. Gender restricts males from the biological boundaries, which limit the amount of crime females are willing to commit and ethnicity influences crime with its large deviant communities and disproportionate views are encouraged. Al three social factors have a lot of influence on crime, however, in my opinion, social class is the main contributor to street crime due to it's inescapable economic, emotional and knowledge boundaries. ...read more.

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