• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine different sociological views on changes in the experience of childhood in the past 50 years (24 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

________________ Examine Different sociological views on changes in the experience of childhood in the past 50 years (24 marks) According to Aries (1962), childhood can be defined as a social construction. Children were once regarded as ?little adults? and an economic asset rather than a symbol of love due to the high death rates making it hard to emotionally invest. However, now, according to Pilcher, a key aspect of childhood is ?separateness? from adulthood. Aries definition of childhood as a social construction can be supported by cross-cultural differences and more specifically Punch (2001). Punch studied children in Bolivia and found that at age 5 children were expected to work and take on responsibilities. ...read more.

Middle

In addition to this, another state policy was the Factory Act which saw the removal of young children from work, strict hours placed upon adolescents and compulsory education put into place. This effected society by presenting and supporting the idea of separateness and children?s need of education. Furthermore, Phillips, a new Right theorist, argues that children are vulnerable and in need of protection. They are too immature to make decisions about their lives, particularly as they have become increasingly important over the past 50 years. Increases in eating disorders and suicide show this. Phillips can be criticized by Morrow who believes children can be positive contributors to family life, however, both the conventional and alternative view generalize their arguments in this case. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition, social blurring is not always negative as it is natural for children to idealise their parents as well as a positive thing by promoting respect within the family. Pugh argues that parents who are cash rich but time poor now use consumption as compensation for the lack of time they spend with their children as a result of guilt. Although some may argue that consumption can be a positive thing as shopping in many cases has become a family activity. Over the past 50 years it has been claimed that childhood is slowly disappearing whereas others would argue it is merely changing from it being separate to adulthood, to children once again taking responsibility for their own lives. Throughout the next 50 years, due to stories in the media, childhood may change once more as parents become more concerned and protective of many new dangers. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. ASSESS SOCIOLOGICAL EXPLANATIONS OF CHANGES IN THE STATUS OF CHILDHOOD

    He describes the 2oth century as 'the century of the child'. However some sociologists have criticized Aries for arguing that childhood did not exist in the past. Linda Pollock (1983) argues that it is more correct to say that in the middle ages, society simply had a different notion (perception)

  2. Assess childhood is not a fixed universal experience

    the position of children had changed, but this certainly wasn't for the better. Children were still made to work, but now not in fields but in factories, coalmines and up chimneys. There were no laws to protect the children from this, as the children were seen to be bringing in the much needed income to the household.

  1. How cultural deprivation affects the educational attainment of students.

    As well as being prone to cultural deprivation, a lone parent structure may mean the family will be affected by material deprivation. Income is likely to be low resulting in priority of income rather than educational attainment. The preferred structure of family for Indian student's maybe a large contribution to their success.

  2. Assess the claim that the increase in divorce over the past 50 years is ...

    In 1996 it was changed so that not even a reason was needed for a divorce just consent from both adults. This will have lead to a massive increase in divorce rates. Because there was no reason needed, people may be forced into it, from fear or abuse.

  1. This essay will therefore attempt to assess the changes in the status of childhood. ...

    Edward Shorter (1975) argues that high death rates encouraged indifference and neglect, especially towards infants.

  2. Over the past 50 years there has been a considerable decrease in the rate ...

    concerned about the reaction of other so no longer feel any strong need to marry any more. Evidence that supports that secularisation caused a decrease in marriage is that during the time of marriage rates declining statistics show that the number of people who attend church is also declining, as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work