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Examine Sociological Views of the Ways Educational Policies May Affect the Achievement of Pupils

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Introduction

´╗┐Examine Sociological Views of the Ways Educational Policies May Affect the Achievement of Pupils. There are many Educational Acts enforced in England to help improve and stabilise the education of young people in our country. With these acts in place it encourages more people to want to do well in school and it also helps to provide an education for those who are less fortunate and without it could not go to school. Some of the acts are: ?The 1870 Forster Act?, ?1944 Butlers Act?, ?1976 Comprehensive Act?, ?The 1979 Conservative Policy?, ?The 1988 Education Act? and ?The 1997 New Labour Education Policy? Before the 19th century education was limited to those that were born in to a ?well off? family. There were only two main types of schooling, Grammar and Public. There were Charity ran schools and church ran schools but it was a very small minority of the working class that had the opportunity to go to one. ...read more.

Middle

They proposed to open three types of schools in the country, they were: Grammar Schools, Technical Schools and Secondary Modern Schools. They brought in a test called 11+ Exam; this meant that when you were 11 you would take an exam that would determine what school you would go to. If you passed the exam you would go to a grammar school where you would study academic subjects, only the top 15-20% of children would go here and was considered to be a great achievement if you made it in. On the other hand it was considered quite saddening if you didn?t pass it because you then thought that you was stupid, having a serious effect on your self-esteem. The Technical School was for the students that didn?t quite pass the 11+ but didn?t get far off passing, this was only for 5% of pupils. Here students would study more vocational courses and technical skills so that they could aspire to more manual work than the grammar pupils. ...read more.

Conclusion

Grant Maintained Schools were introduced. Primary and secondary schools could, under this act, remove themselves from their Local Education Authorities and would be completely funded by central government. Local Management of Schools was also introduced. This part of the Act allowed all schools to be taken out of the financial control of Local Authorities. Financial control would be handed to the head teacher and governors of a school. The national curriculum was introduced which meant that every student in the country were to follow the same outline of each course and therefore all had a fair chance of education. Key stages were introduced throughout your school years. This meant you could reach certain objectives during the time that you are in schooling. Choice was introduced, where parents could specify which school was their preferred choice. This was a lot better for parents as it could make certain things more convenient. League tables, publishing the examination results of schools, were introduced to show what schools were achieving more and what schools were falling below standards. ...read more.

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