• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine some of the ways in which Marxists explain crime.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine some of the ways in which Marxists explain crime Marxist theories of crime, including the more recent neo-Marxist theories, are conflict approaches. They see society based on conflict between social classes, and social inequality caused by capitalism as the driving force behind crime. Traditional Marxists say that capitalism causes crimes, the term we use for this is criminogenic capitalism; capitalism, by its very nature causes crime. Crime and deviance are systematically created by the structure of capitalist society, the ruling class exploit the working class as they own the means of production. It breeds competition and commodity fetishism, whereby people gain a desire for material things. The people in question become obsessed with personal gain and coming out on top, breaking the law is a small price to pay for the reward of success. David Gordon argues that crime is a response to the capitalist system and is found in every single part of the class structure, even if the official statistics mark it out to be a working class problem. Marxists see law making and law enforcement as serving the interest of capitalism, Chambliss argues that law to protect private property ...read more.

Middle

Furthermore these laws e.g health and safety are not rigorously enforced. Neo Marxists however, focuses on the process by which the state defines certain activities as criminal and by this criminalizing certain groups. They look at the process of criminalisation in relation to the state as it seeks to manage the capitalist system. Taylor et al argued that traditional Marxism is deterministic; it sees workers as driven to commit crime out of economic necessity. Traditionalists reject that external factors such as anomie, subcultures, labelling or biological and psychology factors can cause crime. Taylor et al takes a more voluntaristic view (we have free will). They outline a full social theory of the deviance whereby the criminologist must consider; the way in which wealth and power are distributed, the circumstances surrounding the decision of an individual to commit an act of deviance, the meant of the deviant act for the person involved, the ways in which other members of society such as the police respond to t the deviant act and the impact of the deviant label. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some researchers give evidence of a third type -state crime where by the state or agencies such as police or military commit crime on behalf of the state. White collar crimes are often treated differently to other crimes, this is due to four main factors; these crimes are largely hidden from the public, large scale frauds are highly complex and difficult to unravel, it is difficult to allocate responsibility and they are often described as crimes without victims. The Criminal justice system is a lot more lenient with punishments, because they are more likely to issue official warnings instead of giving a jail sentence etc. The Regulatory bodies are more concerned with compliance than with identifying offences they advise rather than punish and thus white-collar criminals get away with. Merton's his strain theory was developed to explain this crime. If people in white-collar occupations find that pay increases and promotions blocked then they sometimes innovate and turn into illegal means to become successful. Corporations have subculture whereby they endlessly pursue wealth and profit, this culture encourages risk taking, success at all costs is demanded even if this means fraud, bribery and corruption. Breaking the law is just a small price to pay for the chance at monetary success. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    Acting the role will foster their career as "mentally ill" person. As with legitimate careers, deviant careers involve an evolution in the person's identity, values and commitment over time.

  2. Free essay

    Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    This is similar to the interactionist views of labelling due to the fact that this crime is caused by a new subculture being formed. However, the interactionist views is vague on the crimes that are committed and who does them.

  1. Describe the concept of a 'Moral Panic' and explain how this may impact on ...

    Naïve and terrified people then buy the newspapers, listen to the radio, and watch television programmes. They take everything in and see it as been the 'norm'. This is when the spiral continues and the police service gets involved. The police then have to be seen to be doing something

  2. How far does Becker's account (The Outsiders 1963) of the processes underlying the selective ...

    The attitude of society is more along the lines of, "it happens all the time, it doesn't really matter", or "it's getting even with the large multi-national companies for charging us too much!", therefore selective enforcement takes place. The police have other priorities, such as what the public want them to be spending time doing.

  1. Assess the right realist view that crime is the result of biological rational factors ...

    The left realist view of criminal subcultures owes much to Merton, Cohen and Cloward and Ohlin. For left realists, criminal subcultures still subscribe to the values and goals of mainstream society, such as materialism and consumerism. For example, Young notes there are ghettos in the USA where there is 'full

  2. The British Penal System

    The level of crime would possibly fall. Capitol punishment has always been a controversial issue. Some critics argue that if someone takes a life and were considered evil then what gives us "the people" a right to kill. This argument is undoubtedly very true as there are still many cases that are still questioned today.

  1. Critically evaluate Marxists contributions to the study of crime and deviance.

    Marxists believe that certain types of crime are more harshly dealt with compared to others. Street crimes like theft are more likely to be pursued by the police than white-collar crime such as fraud. This is because Marxists believe that certain groups in society are targeted more for law enforcement

  2. Assess the view that crime and deviance is the result of labelling, the media ...

    The public call for law and order campaign to protect the moral value of society (moral panic). If it wasnât already defined as a crime, heavy police tactics and sentences are given to offenders. The process described here caused wide public concern which made the police to intensify their clampdown

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work