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Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900.

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´╗┐Examine the main trends in births and deaths in the UK since 1900. In the last 111 years there have been many changes in the birth and death rates in the UK, these fluctuations can be accounted for by many reasons. In this essay I have tried to outline reasons for the rises and falls in both the birth and death rates of the UK between the 1900?s and now. Birth rate is the number of live births per 1000 of the population per year. In 1900 England and Wales had a birth rate of 28.7 in 2007 it had fallen to 10.7. Although there has been many fluctuations in these numbers. Those fluctuations are down to baby booms such as the baby boom in 1920. This baby boom was after the First World War, because so many men went away to fight for their country they had postponed having children. After the Second World War was another baby boom and that was due to the same reasons. ...read more.


Also due to the Feminism movement there have been many changes in attitudes to family life. Additionally the access to abortion and contraception gave women control over their fertility. As a result of all of this women no longer feel the need to play the traditional role of housewife; women are now playing the expressive and the instrumental role in many households. In conclusion the changes in women?s positions have resulted in a decrease in the birth rate. On one hand the decrease in the birth rate could be seen as a good thing for the people who pay taxes because if there are less children then it means the need for schools, maternity services and child services also decreases. And since children make up such a large part of the dependency ratio less children means less money on those institutions. Since 1900 death rates in the UK have remained reasonably stable at about 600,000 per year. Considering that in 1900 the population was far smaller than it is now. ...read more.


Whilst males born in England in 2003 can expect to live to 76.9 and women to 81.2. a new born baby has a better chance of reaching their 65th birthday than a child born in 1900 had of reaching its 1st birthday. In conclusion due to better health care and nutrition we have seen a decrease in the death rate. The decrease in the death rates has led to a rise in the age of our population. In 1971 the average age of the UK population was 34.1 years. In 2007 it rose to 39.6 and a future projection is that in 2031 it will rise to 42.6. there are fewer young people and more old people in our population. In 2014 the number of people aged 65 and over is projected to overtake the number of under 16s for the first time ever. Both of these groups are economically dependent and are provided for by people who work through taxes. As the number of people retiring rises so does the dependency ratio and as does the burden on people who are of working age. ...read more.

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