• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks) Intro: Marxists theorists take a macro approach on society; they look into the bigger picture and in broad terms the affects of the education system on society. They are also a conflict theory based on social class, they believe that society is capitalist and in favor of and benefit the bourgeoisie and the working class are exploited and disadvantaged. Para1: Marxists believe that education serves the needs of capitalism and the ruling class. This is because education functions to transmit norms and values that create social stability in society. They believe these norms and values reflect the dominant ideologies that benefit the ruling elite and so success in education is based on class not intelligence. ...read more.


restricted code where they would speak in more detail and use complex sentence structures whereas working class children have only restricted speech codes and their speech is disjointed and unpunctuated and not elaborated. Since most text books and exam papers use elaborated codes the working class would have difficulty understanding them thus resulting in failure and the middle class having an advantage in education. Due to the disadvantage the working classes have this explains the reproduction of the class system, supporting the Marxist view. Para3: Although Bernstein?s theory gives support to the Marxist view it can be criticized since it is stereotypical of the working class children. Not all working class children may have restricted code, they may have elaborated speech codes and not all middle class children may have the ability to switch to elaborated code, thus contradicting the support. ...read more.


These are skills provision: teaching the skills required by a modern industrial society, either general or specific, socialization: transmitting key beliefs, norms and values and role allocation: where education sifts and sort people into the appropriate jobs for their talents through exams and qualifications. Functionalists believe that there?s an equality of opportunity where education is meritocratic, so that every one of any class has the chance to achieve success in society based on their ability. Therefore showing that children don?t have to accept inequality and education allows social mobility so it doesn?t reproduce class structure. Concl: In conclusion both functionalism and Marxism both look at the big picture, tending to ignore social interaction- with the exception of Willis. Both say that education has a huge impact on the individual and that there?s a close link with the economy and work. The biggest difference is how they see inequality. Marxists say that education helps to maintain inequality and make people accept inequality. Functionalists, however, say education passes on the value of meritocracy and lets people better themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    Marxists also believe that there are disadvantages for working class children before they even start school this through things such as material deprivation this is that working class kids can't afford things that others can such as tutors and in some cases computers this means that they have disadvantaged resources so they can't possibly have the same chance as others.

  2. sociology of education

    Children who passed went to grammar schools, and those that failed went to secondary modern school. However the majority of pupils who attended grammar schools were middle class and this led to inequality with a division of social classes. This was phased out in most areas and replaced with a

  1. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    Comprehensive schools were thought to be the answer. The principle was that all children from an area would go to the same secondary school regardless of background or ability. This was a lengthy process started in the 1950s, encouraged by Wilson's Labour government in the 1960s and finally completed in the 1976 Education Act which instructed all councils to 'prepare plans for Comprehensive schooling' in their area.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    Still this is a problem of racism; therefore it seems that racism within the education system is the main factor in causing underachievement of ethnic minority children. I then mentioned the study by Mirza (1992) called 'Young, Female and Black', that found the teachers who got the best out of

  1. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    By assessing individuals' aptitudes and abilities, schools help to match them to the job they are best suited to. Like Parsons, Kingsley Davis and Wilbert Moore (1945) also see education as a device for selection and role allocation, but they focus on the relationship between education and social inequality.

  2. Sociology of Education

    can pass on their lifestyle, knowledge, demeanour and tastes (culture) to their children. Due to the middle class environment of schools, this 'capital' is essential if education is to be obtained. Some argue that the middle class succeed in education because there is more of an educational ethos at home

  1. Assess the view that the main function of education is to reproduce and legitimise ...

    Bowles Gintis argued that a hidden curriculum exists to achieve this consequence; the way educational institutions are organised and how knowledge is taught encourages the working class to abide by the rules and regulations of the capitalist society and accept the prejudice and failure without any sign of protest.

  2. Evaluate Marxist and Neo-Marxist beliefs about society

    enter the kingdom of heaven?, this supports the Marxist theory because this glorifies poverty, as the camel who will be rewarded for suffering in heaven. It also offers people the hope of God intervening for their suffering. As religion promotes these ideologies it helps people cope with their quality of life, keeping people passive.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work