• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Examine the Marxist view that the function of the education system is to pass on ideology and reproduce existing class structure (20 marks) Intro: Marxists theorists take a macro approach on society; they look into the bigger picture and in broad terms the affects of the education system on society. They are also a conflict theory based on social class, they believe that society is capitalist and in favor of and benefit the bourgeoisie and the working class are exploited and disadvantaged. Para1: Marxists believe that education serves the needs of capitalism and the ruling class. This is because education functions to transmit norms and values that create social stability in society. They believe these norms and values reflect the dominant ideologies that benefit the ruling elite and so success in education is based on class not intelligence. ...read more.

Middle

restricted code where they would speak in more detail and use complex sentence structures whereas working class children have only restricted speech codes and their speech is disjointed and unpunctuated and not elaborated. Since most text books and exam papers use elaborated codes the working class would have difficulty understanding them thus resulting in failure and the middle class having an advantage in education. Due to the disadvantage the working classes have this explains the reproduction of the class system, supporting the Marxist view. Para3: Although Bernstein?s theory gives support to the Marxist view it can be criticized since it is stereotypical of the working class children. Not all working class children may have restricted code, they may have elaborated speech codes and not all middle class children may have the ability to switch to elaborated code, thus contradicting the support. ...read more.

Conclusion

These are skills provision: teaching the skills required by a modern industrial society, either general or specific, socialization: transmitting key beliefs, norms and values and role allocation: where education sifts and sort people into the appropriate jobs for their talents through exams and qualifications. Functionalists believe that there?s an equality of opportunity where education is meritocratic, so that every one of any class has the chance to achieve success in society based on their ability. Therefore showing that children don?t have to accept inequality and education allows social mobility so it doesn?t reproduce class structure. Concl: In conclusion both functionalism and Marxism both look at the big picture, tending to ignore social interaction- with the exception of Willis. Both say that education has a huge impact on the individual and that there?s a close link with the economy and work. The biggest difference is how they see inequality. Marxists say that education helps to maintain inequality and make people accept inequality. Functionalists, however, say education passes on the value of meritocracy and lets people better themselves. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. The education system is meritocratic

    Marxist's then due to this fact view the education as unfair and not meritocratic. They do however believe that there is a myth of meritocracy which was made up to legitimise the system of unfairness in which the bourgeoisie rule and the proletariat are exploited.

  2. Assess the claim that the main function of education is to maintain a value ...

    They achieve status by effort and ability, therefore promoting the value of achievement and are rewarded for good achievement with good exam results, therefore socialising young people by reflecting wider society. * He finally argues that schools help to select young people and allocate them to their future adult roles

  1. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    For example they could develop a low self-esteem and never work to their full ability because they don't believe that they are worth it, or they could become very loud, pushy and cheeky in an attempt to stand up for themselves and show that they will not be pushed around.

  2. Changes in the social structure of education and its impact on class and gender ...

    There was a 'parity of esteem' in that each type of school was 'separate but equal'. This idea of equality was questionable. Few technical schools were built or established which effectively resulted in a bipartite system developing. It also became clear that grammar schools were attracting mainly upper and middle

  1. Assess the view that the main function of education is to reproduce and legitimise ...

    Bowles Gintis argued that a hidden curriculum exists to achieve this consequence; the way educational institutions are organised and how knowledge is taught encourages the working class to abide by the rules and regulations of the capitalist society and accept the prejudice and failure without any sign of protest.

  2. Outline and assess the view that the role of the education system is to ...

    Students of private schools were mainly from middle class backgrounds and were disproportionately found in the jobs in the UK. A study done by Roker in 1998 suggest that private schools transmit a hidden curriculum, geared to leadership, hierarchy and elitism, that is different from the messages transmitted by state schools.

  1. Examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce ...

    The new right view believes that there is a solution for these problems. This is that schools should be part of the marketing business to create an ?education market?. Chubb and moe believe that the education system has failed to create equal opportunities, teach pupil skills needed for the economy and deliver high quality education like the private schools.

  2. Evaluate Marxist and Neo-Marxist beliefs about society

    This makes a virtue of suffering and oppression as they will be rewarded in the afterlife, so there is no need to fight oppression now. As the bible says ?it is easier to for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work