• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the patterns of, & reasons for, domestic violence in the society.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE Examine the patterns of, & reasons for, domestic violence in the society. (24marks) Domestic violence could be defined as, Physical, psychological, sexual or financial violence that takes place within an intimate or family type relationship and forms a pattern coercive and controlling behavior. It may involve partners, ex partners, household members or relatives. Domestic violence has many forms including, physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic deprivation. Awareness, perception and documentation of domestic violence differs from country to country and from era to era. This creates a problem with the statistics of domestic violence. What maybe considered to be violent behavior in one country maybe seen as legal in another. Also the statistics may prove to be incorrect and may not give a true picture of the amount of domestic violence that occurs, due to the fact that most violent incidents maybe left unreported due to various reasons such as, fear of making the situation worse, embarrassment of making it public, police may not take the complaint seriously or can do very little about it. Therefore the scale of domestic violence maybe underestimated in most cases. Popular emphasis has tended to be on women as the victims of domestic violence. ...read more.

Middle

violence, -They feel they may not be taken seriously, -They are afraid of the repercussions, -Abusive patterns can tend to be seen as normal by the victim having lived with it for a length of time, -Also the way in which they were nurtured(brought up) may be a vital factor. If they observed domestic violence with their parents they may feel that it is normal or okay. All these factors make the statistics show a false picture, as in most cases they are an underestimate of the actual amount of domestic violence. However it is clear the pattern of domestic violence is towards women as the victims and men as the offenders. There could be several reasons for domestic violence, Firstly, Social stress could cause domestic violence. Stress maybe increased when a person is living in a family situation with increased pressures. Social stresses due to inadequate finances or other such problems in a family may further increase tensions. Violence is not always caused by stress, but may be one way that some people respond/deal with stress. Secondly, domestic violence maybe a way in which the man/woman is trying to attain power and control over the partner. ...read more.

Conclusion

A Freudian concept, 'repetition compulsion', has been cited as a possible cause of a woman who was abused in childhood seeking an abusive man(or vice versa), theoretically as a misguided way to 'master' their traumatic experience. Also gender roles and expectations can and do play a role in abusive situations. In conclusion, Understanding the patterns and reasons of domestic violence in a society is very important as we could determine ways to reduce it. Women in most cases are the victims. Domestic violence is clearly a major issue and should be considered illegal in order to reduce it. Awareness of domestic violence as a crime should be made more clear. Laws should be put in place to reduce it and the police could be trained to deal with such situations. Vicarious reinforcement is whereby we learn behavior by observing the consequences of the actions of others. Therefore if domestic violence is clearly set out as a crime and offenders are prosecuted accordingly, this could be a vital step reducing the cycle of abuse, whereby the children observe violent behavior among parents, and the parents getting reinforced accordingly, this would discourage them from doing the same. Help should be easily accessible for all victims regardless of gender or race. All this is vital in reducing domestic violence in a society. ?? ?? ?? ?? 09/10/2010 16:19 09/10/2010 16:19 09/10/2010 16:19 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Examine the pattern of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society.

    They used police and court records and interviews with women in women's refugees to report the number of domestic violence. In particular, they found the incident of domestic violence triggered off, when the men saw it as a challenge, such as the wife asking him why he was late for dinner.

  2. Marxism is a structural theory, as people's actions are shaped by society and in ...

    It is also important to note that Young accepted these criticisms and re-evaluated his earlier work. However he argued that recent approaches such as realist criminology, feminist criminology and post-modern criminology are all aimed at creating justice in society and therefore are a continuation of the new criminology.

  1. Examine the reasons for changes in the position of children in the family and ...

    Also to the family, with no children working, their position in the family was to be looked after, cared and nurtured for as they are spending more time at home. Once children were not in the work houses, compulsory schooling was introduced in 1948 as a human right and this

  2. "Deviance is normal" - In what sense is this true?

    In addition it focuses on how society creates and has these shared meanings. The labeling theory indicates that social groups create deviance by making rules which all are meant to follow. Therefore suggesting that a deviant person is the one whom has been labeled by its fellow members of society.

  1. Does Grady's chapter on domestic violence tend to support the claim that the phenomenon ...

    Grady argues that the effects of this stereotype have affected both police and male victims attitudes in such a way as to force the reported and recorded occurrences of such violence under the carpet. I believe that there is great weight to what Grady is saying in her article.

  2. How emergency incidents are graded

    They will scan the scene and look for the casualties who seem to be the most severely injured and deal with them first. This is because they would be the ones which are most in need of attention. In doing so though, they will also be responsible for calming other

  1. Environmental factors that affect offenders and victims.

    Anomie, simply defined, is a state where norms (expectations on behaviours) are confused, unclear or not present. It is normlessness, Durkheim felt, which led to deviant behaviour. In The Division of Labour in Society, Durkheim proposed two concepts. First, that societies evolved from a simple, non-specialised form, called mechanical, toward a highly complex, specialised form, called organic.

  2. Examine the patterns of, and reasons for, domestic violence in society

    This links domestic violence to the time period within which it took place, because if these sociologists see that marriage is a cause of this abuse, when marriage was more common within society, the issue of domestic violence could have also been dominant.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work