• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last 30 years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

E) Examine the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last 30 years. Britain today is a much more complex society than in past times, with great diversity in terms of households within which people live. Much of this diversity has been gained at the expense of tradition and there has been a downward trend in the certain types of families. Despite some improvements in recent years in incomes in gender opportunities, equality was neglected much more during post war times. Sociologists argue that the changes to more lenient and less traditional attitudes are responsible for the recent changes in marital behaviour. In recent decades, marriage rates have fallen, divorce rates have risen, and the defining characteristics of marriage have changed. Over the last 30 years, one of the most profound social changes in industrial societies has been the decline in marriage, cohabitation and divorce rates. Families have changed in the last several decades. ...read more.

Middle

Divorce rates have also influenced the number of mixed families. The number of single-parent families, too, is rising considerably. Giddens noted that in order to understand families it is necessary to look beyond changes in household work to the relationships within which families live. However, we should not think of compositional changes or changes in family living arrangements. Divorce is more common today than in the past. Reasons for this include legal changes that make it easier to obtain divorce. There are also greater opportunities for women to be economically independent, they are now finding higher and better paid jobs than most men. Single parent households are also more common today, this results of increases in divorce and births before marriage. In the nineteenth century religion prevented many from divorcing. Many feared that they would be condemned for all eternity to hell but the twentieth century saw that religion was no longer regarded with importance. This meant that remarriage was possible as people no longer saw it as important to marry in church and civil marriages occurred more frequently. ...read more.

Conclusion

he functionalist perspective is very traditional, everyone has a certain position and certain functions, which are necessary for the maintenance of the social structure. It focuses on men's and women's different but balancing roles in society. When related to the family, it focuses on the functions of the family within society, as well as concentrating on the functions or roles within the family. Parsons states the functionalist view theorises that the family also has basic functions. The regulation of sexual behaviour is under the influence of marriage and family institutions. Feminist Perspective focuses on the problem of the domination of women by men. It states that the gender differences in the roles of women and men are of cultural origin and have been socially constructed. Today there are a growing number of gay men and women who live together as couples, the movement to legally recognize these unions as marriages is gaining strength across the country. Many of these households now include children. In some cases the parent was previously involved in a heterosexual relationship, but in other cases the couple decides to adopt or conceive a child. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. To what extent do feminist theories remain relevant for interpreting gendered patterns of work.

    Further changes have also occurred with regards to gendered divisions in education, as females' opportunities have become relatively similar to males', with the disintegration of 'manly' classes such as woodwork, and feminine classes such as sewing. (Tong, 2008:14) This has demonstrated a step in moving away from the ties of

  2. 1) Describe the employment opportunities of women in Britain in 1914?

    Employers took advantage of women as the women's main concern was to survive low salaries and poor working conditions; advancement in career had no significance for them as their limited poor educational background lessened their chances of progress in most domains of their work.

  1. What Changes Occurred For Women Between The 1850's and WW1?

    This proves that better education equals better employment opportunities. Unfortunately, there were still 1 million women and girls in the domestic services. These were mainly working class women who simply could not afford an education. Before this period, women did not have any female role models to look up to,

  2. “Work Place Discipline” and its influence on nineteenth century English society

    Previously activity was determined by necessity without the need to rely on synchronised time. The rhythm of his work was quite often influenced by nature. In agriculture, certainly, it would be determined by the weather, seasons, the needs of cattle and so on.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work