• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the reasons for changes in the position of children in the family and society

Extracts from this document...


Examine the reasons for changes in the position of children in the family and society In my opinion childhood begins at birth and ends at around eighteen, but this differs between different time periods and societies. In pre-industrial society, it was thought that childhood as we know it did not exist within the family or the society that existed. In terms of the family, children of middle class background were almost regarded as adults themselves being who participated in the same activities as adults. But working class children were made to work long hours in agriculture, this according to Aries told us that children were seen more as economic assets than a symbol of peoples love for one another. One thing in common that both sets of children shared in this society was strict control by parents and harsh punishment for disobedience. It was difficult in society at this time to attach emotion to children as infant mortality rates were so high. ...read more.


The third characteristic was that children were seen as having a right to 'happiness'. The main reason things like this began to be highlighted as being important for children, was that infant mortality was decreasing so parents began to care more for their children as the fear of losing them at a young age lessened. However it was not until the 20th century when family sizes decreased (due to a rise in contraception and the higher expense of having children) and children's rights were actually put into laws that the child-centred society was born. The decrease in family size meant that children were very much the centre of the family given all the love and attention they needed as well as socialisation and protection. It was these factors that lead Aries to the conclusion that childhood was a relatively new concept having been seen as virtually nonexistent in the past. As society became concerned for the welfare of children, so did the government. ...read more.


He sees these technologies as exposing children to sex, disaster, death and suffering (the 'real world'). Sue Palmer also has these views and sees these things as leading to a 'toxic childhood' except she believes it is the adults who are being over exposed to the technologies leading to a lack of attention on the part of the child. On the other hand there are sociologists who believe the functionalists ignore how children see the world around them, and that children have their own unique way of viewing family life which they actively employ in interaction with their parents, meaning that parent-child relations are a two-way process where both parties influence the nature and quality of family life. For example research by Morrow suggests that most children have a pragmatic view of their family role in that they did not want to make decisions for themselves but did want a say in how things happened. ?? ?? ?? ?? Naomi Hawkins 12GAR ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    The financial cost of divorce should not be forgotten; previously obtaining a divorce could have been an expensive process, which might have hindered an individual's decision to divorce. It was for this reason that the 'Legal Aid and Advice Act 1949' was passed, which put divorce at the level of

  2. Examine the extent of, and the reasons for, changes in the position of children ...

    There were many laws passed to improve children's living standards. Child-care tax allowance was introduced for families to receive money from the government for having children. Also the law was made prohibiting the marriages of children under 12. The welfare view that children are vulnerable and need protection forms the basis of social policy towards children in UK today .e.g.

  1. Childhood began when children became separated from adults. Involved in that evolutionary step are ...

    a full wage, they were less likely to argue or complain and were the perfect size to squeeze into dangerous machinery, so to sum up children were ideal employees, they vigorously worked for up to and over twelve hours a day under harsh working conditions (this contributed to their lack of leisure activities and educational advancement).

  2. Assess the functionalist position on the role of family

    This input is given by the family so the child is able to fit in society with appropriate behaviour and not turn out like social delinquents. Lastly the family also provides economic provision. Families need to provide shelter, food and clothing for each other.

  1. Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health ...

    The Marxist perspective of health and illness A key assertion of the Marxist perspective is that material production is the most fundamental of all human activities - from the production of the most basic of human necessities such as food, shelter and clothing in a subsistence economy, to the mass production of commodities in modern capitalist societies.

  2. Gender roles/expectations that exists in contemporary Japanese society

    golf and drinking with friends after work ? all these situations are reflection of a wonderful Japanese culture, culture, which persists for a long time and is so different from Western cultures. In conclusion, researchers as Akira Sakamoto and Mieko Takahira claim that traditional stereotypic portrayals of men and women

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work