• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last forty years.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Emmanuel Mends Sociology Marie Gettings Examine the reasons for changing patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce in the last forty years. 24 marks There are many reasons for the changing patterns in marriage, divorce and cohabitation in our modern era of the 21st century. Here are some reasons to somewhat explain the reasons for the following. Item A states that ?Only half as many people are getting married, lone- parent families have increased threefold, children born outside marriage has quadrupled in number and the number of divorces have trebled. In addition to this, item B goes on to further support the evidence given in item A. It states ?marriage is a normal and expected part of women?s lives in Western society. However, although the vast majority of women will expect to marry at some time and at least once, in recent years there has been some decline in the popularity of marriage?. ...read more.

Middle

Most serial monogamy involved divorced persons rather than widows and widowers. The Largest increase occurred between 1972 and 1972 following the introduction of the Divorce Reform Act of 1969. Other aspects that have encouraged the changing patterns towards marriage is the awareness of Cohabitation. Cohabitation involves an unmarried couple in a sexual relationship living together. Statistics show that more people are adjusting to the idea cohabitation (living together). While the number of marriages has been falling, the number of couples cohabiting continues to escalate and is the fastest growing family type in the UK. Figures show that over a quarter of all non-married adults aged 16-59 were cohabiting ? double the number in 1986. Furthermore the number of cohabiting couples is expected to double again by 2021. However this does not mean to say that couples cohabiting will not get married, as social trends suggest that it is only a delay in tying the knot. ...read more.

Conclusion

The commonest reason for a woman to be granted divorce is the unreasonable behaviour of her husband. Some couples are more likely than others to divorce. Couples whose marriages are at greatest risk include those who marry young, have a child before they marry or cohabit before marriage, and those where one or both partners have been married before. Functionalist sociologists such as Ronald Fletcher (1966), argue that the higher expectations people place on marriage today are a major cause of rising divorce rates. Higher expectations make couples nowadays less willing to tolerate an unhappy marriage. Another side of the argument is that, feminists argue that the oppression of women within the family is the main cause of marital conflict and divorce. Additionally feminists also argue that the fact that women are now wage earners as well as homemakers has created a new source of conflict between husbands and wives and this is leading to more divorces. Feminists argue that marriage remains patriarchal (male dominated), with men benefiting from their wives? ?triple-shifts? of paid work, domestic work and emotion work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Examine the reasons for changes in the patterns of marriage, co-habitation and divorce rate ...

    Women have become more sexually liberated as they have more legal and political rights than before. Other sociologists believe that is the expense of the traditional church wedding. Some people can't afford it and probably that the reason why weddings do not take place in church.

  2. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    The average age at marriage for men and women in 1971 was respectively 24.6 and 22.6, were as in 2001, the average age was 30.6 and 28.4, couples are marrying on average about six years later (Giddens et al, 2006).

  1. Is the modern family breaking down or is it simply changing?

    Although, she emphasised that these mixed families weren't the norm and that other generational tensions were minor in comparison with most children happily following the traditional structure of their families. Joan Barrow also conducted a study on ethnic minority, he studied West Indian families in his book 'West Indian families: An insider's perspective' (1982).

  2. Analyse how the family structure has changed over the last 100 years

    are choosing not to get pregnant as society may see this as a selfish act. many singletons are elderly widows, usually female as they have higher life expectancies. This trend will cause all traditional family types to decrease for example the nuclear family as increasingly amounts of people are choosing not to have children or partners.

  1. Examine the reasons for the changes in the patterns of marriage, cohabitation and divorce ...

    While in the past, there was a lot of stigma attached to divorce, it is now considered far more acceptable and ?normal?. The attitude to marriage has changed from it being a lifelong contract to a serious relationship, and it is far more acceptable for a relationship to end than

  2. Examine the changes in the rate of divorce since 1969

    This fall of religion has led to the rapid decline in religious traditions of marriage and also, the increase in the rate of divorce. In 2001, the census proved that 47% of atheists were cohabitating compared to 34% of Christians whereas in a perfect world, it would be zero.

  1. Indo-Canadians Dominate with One of the Lowest Divorce Rates Worldwide

    They continue on with life,? says Samir Malhotra, husband of Sareena. When people began to migrate to Canada from India, they brought with them their traditions and values.

  2. Arranged marriages

    Often, younger girls are shared between submission and fear of being separated from their families ;and fear of reprisals on their own sisters, cousins. They also feel a sense of guilt, which can be a source of depression or suicide attempts and have to flee from their family circle.( Michelle Goldberg, marry ?or else, september 18-2011<http://www.thedailybeast.com/newsweek/2011/09/18/forced-marriage-and-honor-killings-happen-in-britain-u-s-too.html>).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work