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Examine the Reasons for Differences in Educational Achievement between Different Ethnic Groups

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Examine the reasons why females now tend to achieve more than males in the education system Females are now able to achieve more in the education system. This is due to the pattern of achievement. Since the early 90's females have been achieving higher and high and have clearly overtaken males. In 2003/4 the females had taken over males by 20% in achieving 5 or more A*-C GCSE grades. This astronomical gender gap is now causing some sociologists to be concerned in male underachievement in the education system. However, being publicised by the media, males are not underachieving; they are not improving as quickly as females. Sociologists such as Sue Sharpe and Weiner, Arnot and David look at the reasons for the female's success. ...read more.


The women's movement has raised expectations, so females want to do well in life and not just become a mother and wife. Teachers have also become aware of stereotyping, so now females can choose any subject they want to do. Females have more successful role models to look up to and aspire to. Also changes in education have allowed females to do well in their GCSE's and A-levels due to coursework. Paul Willis states that the reason for male underachievement is due to the fact that they are actively trying to fail at school. They have created an 'anti-school' subculture where they have to live up to their macho reputation. By doing this they have sealed their opportunity for success and are blocked by the restrictions of the group to learn or do well in education. ...read more.


Also the time boys waste by being in trouble is very valuable as they could be learning information that could improve their grades. And finally, the decline in industry has led to a decline in jobs; this has had a negative effect on boy's motivation. In conclusion, girls have been over achieving due to changes in the national curriculum and having higher aspirations of careers. Boys have still been increasing in achievement, but they have not succeeded as well or as quickly as the girls, so are classed as underachieving. In the future, I feel that the gender gap will decrease as boys become more aware of jobs and qualifications that can help them in later life; so put more effort into getting good qualifications. I believe that there will still be some de-individualisation and self fulfilling prophecy, but it will be on a lesser scale. ?? ?? ?? ?? Amy Morris 12/8 Sociology Education ...read more.

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