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Examine the reasons for differences in educational achievement between different ethnic groups

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Introduction

Examine the reasons for differences in educational achievement between different ethnic groups I believe that this is an important issue to consider as research has shown that whilst Afro-Caribbean males are at the very bottom in terms of achievement, West Indian females tend to do even better than white females at GCSE. Sociologists such as Cecil Wright link educational achievement with teacher racism and labelling whilst other sociologists such as Charlotte Brookes link it with cultural deprivation: issues concerned with ethnicity. Ethnic groups contain people who share a common history, custom, identity and in most cases language and religion. The issue of 'differences in educational achievement' is regarded as 'differential educational attainment' which refers to the tendency for some groups to do better than others in terms of educational success. In this essay I aim to examine reasons that cause the differences in educational achievement and how this links to the different ethnic groups. Evidently there is a wide variety of ethnic groups for example; Chinese, Bangladeshi, Indian, Asian and Afro-Caribbean and I wish to centre my focus on the educational achievement of Afro-Caribbean and Asian students. ...read more.

Middle

used impressionistic evidence and personal experience to prove his hypothesis 'The education system makes black children become educationally subnormal by making them feel inferior in every way'. Following his research he found that the word white is associated with 'good' and the word black with 'evil', especially in children's books. Furthermore he noted that books often only contain white people and black music, art and culture are absent from the curriculum. I believe that his research completely supports his hypothesis as it is inevitable that some young children that associate black will 'evil' will resent black children and therefore they attract hostility from other children which makes their school life extremely unpleasant. Gender differences is also a linked to differences in educational achievement between different ethnic groups Drew 1995 found that West Indian females although they suffer initial disadvantages at school, they tend to do even better than white pupils in their GCSE's. Fuller 1984 explains that this is due to the fact that they want to appear 'cool' to the boys and teachers by presenting a positive self-image and recognise the importance of achieving good qualifications. ...read more.

Conclusion

Language has been seen as a problem for West Indian children as many of these children come from homes where a language other than English is spoken. It has been established that Afro-Caribbean children in particular do not gain from the educational system as they are found at the very bottom in terms of educational success. I believe that this has a direct link to 'Teacher labelling' as Cecil Wright recognised that Afro-Caribbean pupils receive disproportionate amount of teachers' negative attentions. Furthermore Wright argues that often black children are ridiculed, teased and harassed. This would definitely not make a child's school experience a happy one if they never feel welcome or accepted and this can explain why often black children don't always behave as well as they should if they are constantly taunted and made to feel inferior. African-Asian children however, especially females tend to do much better and it has been suggested that this is due to the fact that their culture emphasizes a respect and success through education and many have professional backgrounds, thus role models and material advantages. ?? ?? ?? ?? Katie Jackson 12MH ...read more.

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