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Examine the sociological explanations of the process of socialisation.

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D) Examine the sociological explanations of the process of socialisation. Socialisation is the name given to the learning of one's culture and how to live within it. One of the sociological theories is that of the Functionalist. They believe that the child is born a blank slate and that the family is a "personality factory". Since the family is the primary stage of socialisation, the function of the parents is to train and mould the child into the image of society and the child will often imitate and learn from the parents and their actions. For example, if the child sees its mother expressing a discriminatory opinion about a minority group, the child might see it acceptable to do the same. The child is filled up with the same shared values as the parents so it automatically assumes those values to be his own. ...read more.


These values become moral codes and these codes regulate our behaviour in regarding to sex, crime and our duty towards others. A good example of these "codes" are the Ten Commandments. These included rules which have given us formal codes and law such as "Thou shalt not kill" and "Thou shalt not commit adultery" which are informal codes. However the Marxist view is completely different to this and they are critical of the functionalist view. They argue that the family is used by the capitalist class to instil values such as obedience and respect for the authority which are essentially useful to the capitalist ruling class. These values ensure that individuals can be exploited by the ruling class later in life. This is because they will simply come to the fact that differences in power and authority will always exist. ...read more.


This is not always the case. For example, if the parents have not been properly educated or do not have the required skills to nurture a child then obviously the child's childhood is not going to be a pleasant or happy one. They're also theories that childhood socialisation is not easy as it was in the past. Mass media often influences children at a much younger age and the childhood process is often shortened. So in conclusion, Functionalist see primary socialisation as a time where values and norms are taught into a child, and during secondary socialisation these values are reinforced through other agents such as religion. Marxists see it as the complete opposite. They believe that the family is there to instil values such as authority and obedience which can later be exploited whilst secondary agents such as education and religion make sure that individuals do not become too critical of the capitalist society. ?? ?? ?? ?? Vitor Sundargi ...read more.

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