• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine the view that the nuclear family did not exist in the U.K before industrialisation (20 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Examine the view that the nuclear family did not exist in the U.K before industrialisation (20 marks) The pre-industrial society was based largely upon extended kinship networks where labour was shared communally. Each family would produce and manufacture goods, which were then sold to other family groups. Extended family was the norm with very few people leaving the family home. Talcott Parsons, a functionalist, argued that the nuclear family did not exist before industrialisation and was a product of it. He argued that industrialisation brought about four major changes to the system of the family, thereby making the shift from extended family to privatised nuclear family. Due to industrialisation, the economy demanded a workforce that was more geographically mobile. According to Parsons view the nuclear family was formed as many people moved away from extended kin in order to take advantage of the job opportunities that were available. ...read more.

Middle

The male takes on an instrumental role as the bread winner. It is seen as the males job to go out to work and earn money for his family. The female, on the other hand, takes on an expressive role as carer and nurturer of the family. Parsons, along with other functionalists, favoured these family roles as they provide children with both male and female role models to look up to. Parsons concluded that industrialisation brought about the nuclear family which did not exist before then. The nuclear family is seen as best fit as it benefits the industrial society better than the extended family. Some social historians, such as Peter Laslett, disregarded Parsons claim and stated that the nuclear family existed before industrialisation and was not a product of it. Laslett studied the Parish registers, which suggested that only 10% of families, before industrialisation, were extended. ...read more.

Conclusion

Pre-Industrial Family was typically seen as extended family. Links to wider kin helps produce an economic unit where goods were produced. The farther was seen as the head of the household, exercising economic control over his family. Asymmetrical Family was then brought about. The family home and work place became separated. Many males went off to work while females carried out domestic responsibilities. Symmetrical Family was brought about in the twentieth century. This family was quite different from the first two in many respects. Symmetric families are more child-centred and involve greater equality between males and females based upon joint conjugal roles. In conclusion, there is much evidence to suggest that the nuclear family was brought about due to industrialisation. As Parsons suggested, extended family shifted towards nuclear family as the industrial society demanded a workforce which could only be obtained through the nuclear family. There is also evidence to suggest that industrialisation did not completely wipe out the extended family as it still exists in many societies. ?? ?? ?? ?? Shareen Akhtar ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Critically examine the Functionalist idea that the nuclear family exists for the benefit of ...

    5 star(s)

    However, feminist sociologist, Beechey (1986) states that in society, the family is often seen as natural, and goes without any real questioning. It is also the thought that families seem to require different things from men and from women. We are seen to need and to want to live in

  2. Assess the view that Industrialisation led to the decline of the extended family and ...

    generations within the family may have got ill very easily so becoming the nuclear family was the best option for families as this meant they were able to survive as they would have not if they did not move around looking for jobs.

  1. Assess the view that the nuclear family functions to benefit all its members and ...

    fail to recognise that many problems in society are the result of families or that often problems exist within families. Instead, Marxists believe that society is based on conflict between the working class and the ruling class and that the nuclear family serves the capitalist system with its primary function being to provide obedient workers for the future.

  2. Examine the relationship between Industrialisation and the changes in the family

    At the time 2/3, married couples live within a 3-mile radius of their parents or other extended family. Married couples would use their extended family to help with services such as washing, babysitting and shopping and over 50% of them would see their mothers weekly.

  1. Is the nuclear family in decline?

    p31.consequetly other types of family other than those proposed becomes deviant. This ideal of nuclear family as an institution appears to be promoted by the media and government social policies especially on taxation and social security systems. The new right believe that marriage is the bedrock of the family and

  2. Sociology and the Family

    husbands? legitimate anger and frustration at their own powerlessness and oppression? (as cited in Bernard, 1972, p. 233). It is probable that the nuclear family was already commonplace before industrialisation. Historian Peter Laslett had an alternative perspective in regards to its establishment, discovering that only 10% of families were extended

  1. Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health ...

    Health outcomes for the population are seen as being influenced by the operation of the capitalist economic system at two levels. First, at the level of the production process itself, health is affected either directly in terms of industrial diseases and injuries, stress-related ill health, or indirectly through the wider effects of the process of commodity production within modern societies.

  2. Families and Households. Notes on Diversity Childhood and Industrialisation.

    bourgeoisie by passing it down from generation to generation Zaretsky ? Argued that family is the only place in society where the working class can have full power and control, i.e. when the husband get home from work he is the ?king of his own home?.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work