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Examine the ways in which government policies and laws may affect the nature and extent of family diversity

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Introduction

´╗┐Examine the ways in which government policies and laws may affect the nature and extent of family diversity Social policy refers to the actions of government agencies, like the welfare system. They are usually based on laws that provide the framework within which these agencies operate. Most policies affect families in one way or another, as some are aimed directly at families, while others aren?t but still have an effect on them. There have been many social policies introduced, such as the Soviet government?s attempt to destroy the pre-revolutionary patriarchal family structure by making divorce and abortion easy to obtain, allowing women to enter paid employment and providing workplace and communal nurseries. This meant that women would not have to carry out Parson?s idea of an expressive role. Instead, women were seen as more equal to men and they were liberated in the sense that they weren?t just there to produce children and look after the home. They also had the opportunity to leave the marriage much more easily, creating more single-parent families. ...read more.

Middle

Because women are pressured into undergoing sterilisation, they are not given the chance to make their own decisions, increasing the inequality between men and women. Those who have to pay fines are probably providing services for those who comply with the government?s policy, which means that they become the privileged in society, leaving other to struggle to provide for their own families. Because of the nature of democracy, government policy has adapted to consider the growth and physical stability of the family. During the 20th century, the health and life expectancy of people living in the United States improved dramatically. Since 1900, the average lifespan of people in the United States has lengthened by greater than 30 years; 25 years of this gain are attributable to advances in public health. This means that people will be able to work longer and have more children, adding to the number of people who are able to pay taxes that will provide more public services. ...read more.

Conclusion

Familistic gender regimes base their family policies on the assumption that the husband works to support the family while the wife stays at home and does domestic work. They also discourage diversity. For example, in Greece there isn?t much state welfare so women have to rely on relatives for childcare, so it is likely that they would stay at home while their husband goes to work and provides an income. Individualistic gender regimes encourage diversity because they base their family policies on the belief that husband and wife should be treated equally. Because women are not seen to be financially dependent on men, both spouses are entitled to separate state benefits. For example, in Sweden, both the wife and husband are expected to provide financially and do domestic work, so childcare, parental leave and welfare services allow women to be more independent on men and have more employment opportunities. In conclusion, government policies often shape society and they can have ill effects. Countries that are more relaxed will tend to have individualistic family regimes and therefore believe that diversity is good, whereas strict countries will be against diversity as they feel it would do harm to their society. ...read more.

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