• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Examine ways in witch social policies & laws may influence families & households

Extracts from this document...


Yaman Examine ways in witch social policies & laws may influence families & households In my essay I will be looking at how social policies & laws effect, marriage rates, divorce rates, cohabitation etc. Most government policies gave tried to protect the individuals within the family and some have been aimed at maintaining the traditional nuclear family. Policies can be seen as direct, laws affecting the family itself, or indirect, laws affecting other areas such as education, the workplace etc, and direct policies such as these for e.g. laws effect when we can, how may people we can marry etc, they also effect what we do in the family i.e. martial laws, laws also cover adoption & other such issues. There are also indirect policies witch can affect the family & type of households such as, what type of school we go to. A study found of 152 children in Exeter found that children being brought up by both parents experienced fewer health, school and social problems than those whose parents had split. It was also found that children from re-ordered families were at least twice as likely to have problems with health, behavior, schoolwork and social life and also to have a low opinion of them. ...read more.


foods or nutrients). This information is essential to permit governments to use such means as tariffs, support prices, or export prices to modify the price structure in ways that protect poor families. For macro or regional policy purposes, a price subsidy to increase food consumption of a population or a segment of the population can be implemented with the assumption that households will re-allocate this food to their members. This is the least expensive approach because household-level income and consumption data are sufficient. Health reduced-form relation function The household unified preference function, however, offers little information regarding to what extent changes in food prices affect individual family members (Rosenzweig 1990); for this purpose, individual food intake or other commodity consumption is needed. Collecting individual food intake data is difficult and costly (Behrman 1990). In place of food consumption data, Rosenzweig (1990) and Behrman (1990) suggest using individual biological outcomes (health or nutritional status) to analyse, for example, how changes in exogenous factors such as the prices of food or medical services result in changes in the health of individuals. ...read more.


A two-stage estimation procedure is commonly used in the attempt to overcome this problem. The first stage describes the household's "demand" for the inputs to welfare outcomes such as child health. The second stage estimates the production functions using predicted allocation based on the demand estimates. This procedure is very useful for better anticipating how the allocation of resources within the household will respond to outside changes induced by government programmes, and how foods and other inputs will directly affect health outcomes (Rosenzweig 1990). As an example of this two-stage procedure, Berman, Kendall, and Bhattacharyya (1994) cite the work of Popkin (1980), who applied this type of model to nutrition in the Philippines to demonstrate the effects of employment opportunities, for mothers outside the home, on child care and nutrition. Such knowledge is important not only for a better understanding of the ways in which families allocate their resources but also for the design of family life education and home economics programmes to help families to allocate their resources better. It requires, however, large quantities of carefully collected data at both the family and the individual level. These data are expensive to gather, thereby hindering widespread use of the methods, especially in large surveys. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Examine the ways in which laws and social policies affect family life.

    4 star(s)

    perverse incentive; encouraging people to behave recklessly in order to gain more money, such as single women having unprotected sex and giving birth to the child to gain benefits. He argues that the lone parent family, over 90% of which are headed by women, provide inadequate socialisation, especially to young boys as they have no male role models.

  2. How cultural deprivation affects the educational attainment of students.

    A lone parent structure family may find it impossible to pay for further education and support the family as found by Douglas. A lone parent family structure will have many disadvantages leading to more students deciding not to further their education.

  1. Families and Households are structurally diverse

    Chester's other concept is life cycles, he says that life cycles make it inevitable that at any one time some people will not be a member of a nuclear family household, everyone would have experienced living in a nuclear family in the past or would do in the future Social

  2. Education policies

    Technical schools were intended for pupils with an aptitude for technical subjects and they accounted for around 5% of the school population. Finally we have the secondary modern schools, which accounted for most of the school population. These children were seen as less academic and more practical.

  1. Sociology Research Paper - To examine how teenage pregnancy affects the teen mothers health ...

    She found that research on teen pregnancy prevention usually focuses on the negative aspects of being a teen parent. For example: * There is a close correlation between dropping out of school, early pregnancy, and poverty. * Children of teenage parents are more likely to have problems and to become

  2. Examine the ways in which government policies and laws may affect the nature and ...

    Couples who comply with the policy get extra benefits like free child healthcare and higher tax allowances. An only child gets priority in education and housing later in life. Those who break their agreement to have just one child are requires to pay back they allowances and pay a fine.

  1. Examine the ways in which government policies and laws affect the nature and extent ...

    These trends could be linked to immigration laws that encouraged these groups to come to the UK in the 1960?s. One other way in which families have become more diverse is that there has been a great increase in single parent families.

  2. Families and Households. Notes on Diversity Childhood and Industrialisation.

    importance, goes on to say hospitals and schools have improved but have not taken the functions away from the family. Ansely ? Criticises the warm bath theory negatively, she states that it helps maintain capitalism by soaking up the anger of workers so they take it out on their wives,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work