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Explain the gender differences in particular types of crime.

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Introduction

Explain the gender differences in particular types of crime. The object of this paper is to explain gender differences in particular types of crime. I intend to do this by using various books and the Internet to briefly explore burglary, prostitution and crime related to a violent nature. I also wish to include any graphs or statistics I may find of interest and relevance to this essay. It has been stated that the differences between men and women, and their upbringing, has greatly influenced the crimes they commit and whether they commit crimes at all. I personally feel that this is a generalisation and may border on stereotyping and discrimination, for example if you asked people who they thought would commit an offence related to football hooliganism they would often say a man. To show evidence to support this statement I conducted my own short survey and recorded my findings. I was alarmed to find that not only did most of the people I asked related the crimes to males, but then they went onto describe them as "a skinhead" "lots of tattoos" "lager lout", all very stereotypical roles. ...read more.

Middle

Here we can explain the crime rates too as young males are thought of to be under more and closer supervision than females. This is due to the police believing young males commit more crime and so becomes a vicious circle. Prostitution appears to be a female dominated crime, especially in the past. This crime carries a double standard as although women can be prosecuted for selling sexual intercourse the men cannot be punished for buying it. It is an example of a less visible crime, as is shoplifting, and due to this fact seems to be a crime, which is easily overlooked. "Otto Pollak was the first to argue that official statistics did not represent the true picture of female crime and much of it is masked" Robinson, 2001, Internet resource three I have found two reasons that these crimes can be easily brushed under the carpet. Crimes such as shoplifting can be seen as a cry for help and can therefore be put down to medical problems such as emotional stress or depression. Lloyd, 1995, stated it was easy for women to be labelled "mad or bad". ...read more.

Conclusion

Saying that, it is not proven that everyone from a bad or poor background or family structure will become a criminal, and the ever-changing family structures and social views will make it very difficult, if not impossible, to conclude from that statement. However, there are still crimes hugely dominated by either sex, depending on their responsibilities and lifestyle, men and women have very different opportunities to commit different types of crime. I do not personally believe that it is the crimes we commit, but how we are perceived when we do commit them. It seems that at some points in history it has been easier to plead insanity or have a reduced or a more lenient sentence, if you can state some medical reasoning to your actions, or for women to claim they were forced by a male. I found on the Internet one quote I completely agree with, it stated, "It is naive to assume that women and crime may be explained by any one theory" Internet resource five, 2003. It went on to say that all Biological and sociological factors must be taken into account as must the individual. I agree with this view as there is no explanation why any of us behave the way we do, regardless of our gender, religion or colour. ...read more.

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