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Explain the relationship between family structure and industrialisation

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Explain the relationship between family structure and industrialisation Industrialisation was the time in Britain (1750s) when production changed from being agriculturally based, over to factory based. Before this the economy in Britain was built on agriculture and farming. The majority of people were peasants who did not own the land they worked on but worked for the local lord or lady. People also lived much shorter lives than they do today, usually dying in their 40s. It was industrialisation that lead to urbanisation as people moved from the countryside to the cities, the first major towns being places like Manchester, Preston and Liverpool, all to the North of England. It was this that lead to people becoming geographically mobile. Parsons believed that the pre-industrialisation family worked together as a unit of production, meaning they worked and lived together on the land, producing goods. At this time for Parsons the family was a classic extended family as people lived close together in the countryside and needed quite large families to maintain the land. ...read more.


Another sociologist that criticised Parsons' theories was Anderson who also discovered that the family grew in size due to industrialisation as the extended family acted as a welfare unit when people moved to the city and cared for their sick and elderly family members. Wilmott and Young were two sociologists who also had big ideas on the family and wrote a book about the evolution of the modern nuclear family and concluded that the family had gone through three major stages, and predicted a future fourth stage of the family structure. It was thought that the first stage was the pre-industrialised family being the unit of production, living and working on the land, but as industrialisation took effect this kind of family disappeared which leads onto stage two where these original families changed and grew in size in the mid 19th century as family became a welfare unit, this was essential for working class families economically. This kind of family was headed by the woman and relied heavily on the mother daughter relationship. ...read more.


In the early family the relationship between husband and wife was usually one of economic necessity. The wife needed him to provide the necessary things for survival -- an income or produce from the farm, shelter and so on. The husband needed her to run the household -- prepare the meals, produce clothing, help in the storage of food and so forth. But the relationship between them was generally very separate as males and females sought companionship with same sex friends. However today men and women marry for 'romantic' reasons, and not so much economic ones. Although a wife may expect her husband to provide for her and her children economically, this is a minor component. More than likely both men and women expect companionship, intellectual stimulation, conversation and other social exchanges. There is also a greater expectation of shared duties, inside and outside the household. The wife may work to help support the family; the husband may take an increased role in caring for the children. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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