• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Female crime

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

CONTEXT Although female crime is a topic that is not often researched - especially by male sociologists, there a number of studies relating to this area of crime I am interested in. Early attempts to explain female crime was based on physiological or biological theories. Lombroso, an Italian criminologist in the 19th Century, attempted to explain female crime. He compared physical features of female criminals and non-criminals; for example he reported data comparing brains and skulls, the width of cheekbones and the size of jaws. Lombroso argued that instead of biology being the cause of female criminality, it actually prevents women from becoming a criminal. He said that women are not true, biological criminals, they break the law, but only occasionally and their crimes are not serious. Despite this, he did believe that a few women are born a criminal and tended to be more masculine than other women, they also tended to lack some of the natural female traits for example docility and sexual apathy. This study does not really help answer my objective of WHY women commit crime. ...read more.

Middle

These findings by Adler have helped me answer my objective of finding out WHY women commit crime. She argues that the change of behaviour of females is due to changes in society and that women are taking on roles which are traditionally linked with men, which in turn is the reason why they commit crime. From Adler's study, possible questions to ask in my questionnaire have risen. Questions such as, asking both males and females what sort of activities do they participate in during their free time and why. This would test whether females are taking on male roles, or whether there are no longer male or female roles. Although Adler has brought up the issue of changes in society and male roles being the reason for female criminality, it is debatable to whether it is relevant as it is out of date. The study is not entirely reliable either, as she has used official statistics as the basis of her research, which only counts for recorded crime. I personally think that despite the criticisms, that she does offer a reasonable and plausible explanation for why women commit crime. ...read more.

Conclusion

From this study, I have found that questions about socio-economic groups could be possible on my questionnaire, as it will allow me to determine myself whether female criminality is a class issue. Carlen only interviewed convicted women, who were working-class, I aim to avoid that in my own research as I feel that it will only make generalisations about the working- class without looking at the middle-class. The problem with Carlen's study is the same as with the other 2 study's, which is that it is out of date. She used a small sample of working-class women involved in quite serious crimes, so therefore generalistions are hard to make from her findings, making it less valid as it can not be applied to women who commit less serious offences. On the positive side, it is a detailed piece of research that provides a strong support for the view that criminal behaviour becomes more likely when social control breaks down in society. It is a plausible study that highlights the criminality of working-class women. Words: 1168 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Crime & Deviance section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Crime & Deviance essays

  1. Sociological Theories on Crime and Deviance

    It's also nastier with increase in hate crimes, often the result of relative deprivation downwards, for example attacks against asylum seekers. Reactions to crime by the public and state are also changing. With late modernity society becomes more diverse and there's less public consensus on right and wrong, so that the boundary between acceptable and unacceptable behaviour becomes blurred.

  2. Assess The Contribution Of Control Theory To Our Understanding Of Crime And Criminality

    When the bond is stronger, delinquency would be less likely and visa versa. The first element of the bond is attachment to significant others. The extent to which a person is attached to others can be measured independently of his deviant behaviour.

  1. Two biological explantions of criminality

    whereas differences would suggest a connection with the variables. (K Williams 2004) A study by Christiansen of 6,000 pairs of twins born to criminal parents, between 1968 and 1974 recognised that there were two types of twins, identical, which were monozygotic (MZ)

  2. 'Examine developments in biological research into criminality and discuss whether our scientific understanding is ...

    So why think they are criminals? He concluded this research with a study done on Italian criminals, he studied three hundred and eight three of them and discovered that twenty one percent of them had one such listed characteristic, forty three percent had five or more of these characteristics.

  1. How far do these sources support the idea that witchcraft was an essentially female ...

    Source 2 strongly agrees with the question that witchcraft was a female crime. The source is taken from an extract of a sermon made by Martin Luther. Martin Luther was a pioneer and founder of the protestant faith. Although he is a protestant and not a catholic like the monks

  2. Describe law and order in London in the late 19th century

    From past to present, in relation to this question, crime statistics have lowered and there has been a regeneration of most buildings making Whitechapel a successful town in which new businesses and accommodation are appearing frequently. Whitechapel has left its shadows of the terrible poverty and crime and is now a growing town.

  1. A Survey of Male and Female Attitudes Towards Prison Sentencing, as a Punishment of ...

    Giddens (1997) found in 1993 (England and Wales) only 12% of offences were committed by females. Also in 1997, only 17% of recorded crimes were committed by women and it's estimated that only 8% of females have a conviction by the age of 40, compared with 34% of men (Home Office, 1999).

  2. How closely was criminal activity linked to economic circumstances in early modern England?

    as characteristic of the changing fashions amongst the aristocracy and the arrival of the duel as a way of settling disputes and a recognised social institution. The aristocracy had however moved far from the 'robber baron' image of the medieval period.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work