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Feminist Theory Studies in America

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Introduction

Feminist Theory Studies in America Why do people pursue an education? Many people would answer this question by stating they pursue an education to attain personal growth, to obtain a career of their choosing, and to earn an income that will meet their needs. The aspirations, dedication, and effort made toward receiving an education are the same for men and women. So why is the outcome for women less fruitful than for men? I believe it is because de facto discrimination has not been discouraged by legislation. If the Civil Rights Act and the 19th Amendment to the Constitution had not been created would the rights they have provided been achieved otherwise? I don't believe so. The effort by the government to create and pass legislation and procedures for enforcing pay equity are being addressed but the results are not significant and have left most women unable to earn a fair income. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, women earn, on average, only 73 cents for every dollar that men earn. Women of color experience even greater inequities-African American women earn 64 cents, while Hispanic women earn 52 cents for every dollar men earn. (Business and Professional Women/USA) Each year the National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE) ...read more.

Middle

Statistics 2 Approximate Annual Earnings categories were estimated by multiplying median weekly wages for men by 52 weeks from the National Committee on Pay Equity (c) Copyright 2002, BPW/USA Studies show that the greater a women's presence in an occupation the greater likelihood of low wages for that occupation despite the level of skill or education. According to the National Committee on Pay Equity (NCPE), college-educated women earn $12,823 less a year, on average, than men with the same education do. This historic economic oppression is noted by Florynce Kennedy, A comparative Study: Accentuating the Similarities of the Societal Position of Women and Negroes, when she wrote in 1976 "Both women and Negroes command lower wages, and are usually confined to lower-bracket positions. In times of economic stress working women and Negroes arouse resentment of those of the dominant group who are unemployed. Rivalry for jobs provides a source of serious friction". Today's society is changing toward pay equity for many reasons. The changes in the gender of the workforce demands pay equity. There is many more partnership marriages whereby the wife is an equal factor with the husband in producing wealth. There are also many single moms who are financially supporting the family alone. ...read more.

Conclusion

There is no evidence that implementation of pay equity has led to any job loss for women or people of color in the states where these programs were initiated. (BPW/USA) Legislation is the most effective means for attaining this right to fair pay. According to the BPW/USA, at the current rate of change, the wage gap will not be eliminated until 2038. Only a huge public outcry will expedite Women's Right to Fair Pay. My studies in Feminist theory were not entirely specific to my topic of Pay Equity for Women but as this topic has been actively challenged in the last 20 years I can reflect on the similarity of its importance and urgency to feminist milestones of the past. Theories I have read of male domination and nationalism, toward women and minorities make me realize that the dominating group (white males) and the basic issues of the oppression of women and minorities are the same. The issue at hand, Pay Equity for Women, is another vital step in climbing the ladder to equality for women. Men will be forced to see us not as subordinates but as partners or contenders in their lives. I consider myself fortunate to be taking this step for women's rights of Pay Equity and appreciate it as only occurring because of the accomplishments of the feminist movement activist of the past. Words - 1334 ...read more.

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