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Gender and Education. Explanations of gender differences in subject choice notes.

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Introduction

´╗┐Explanations of gender differences in subject choice. 1. Early socialisation Ann Oakley ? gender role socialisation is the process of learning behaviour which is expected of males and females in society. Fiona normal 1988 : they take part in different activities, dress differently etc. parents tend reward boys for being ACTIVE and girls for being passive/ Schools also play important role Eileen briyne 1979! Show boys how to behave tough and show initiative and not be weak or behave like sissies. Girls supposed to be quiet helpful clean tidy not rough or noisy.! As a result of this different socialisation they develop different tastes in reading this results in different subject choices. Boys = science&maths... Girls=English! Gender domains. Naima Browne and carol ross (1991) childrens beliefs about gender domais shaped by early experiences and the expectations of adults! Gender domains = tasks and activites that boys are girls see as male or female territory. Therefore relevant to their gender.! Fixing cars, looking after a child etc. Children are confident in their own gender domain! Boys confident about cars girls confident about food nutrition! Boys and girls also interpret tasks differently! ...read more.

Middle

5.double standards One moral standards to one group but different to another group. Call girls slags if she doesn?t have a steady boyfriend or dress a certain way but boast about their own sexual exploits. Sexual conquest approved of and given status by male peers ignored by male teachers however negative label to girls. Feminists see double standards as an example of patriarchal ideology that justifies male power but devalues women. All these things reinforce gender inequality by keeping females subordinate to males. Functionalist perspective on education! Based on view that society is a system of interdependent parts held together by the society, family economy education all play a part in maintaining society. Durkheim ? solidarity and skills.. 1. Creating social solidarity Durkheim argues that society needs a sense of solidarity. Its individual members must feel themselves to be part of a community. He argues that without social solidarity social life and co operation would because each individual would want to pursue their own selfish desires. Education system helps to create social solidarity by transmitting societys culture its shared beliefs and values from one generation to next. School ?society in miniature? preparing us for life wider society. for example co-operating with people who aren?t friends or family. ...read more.

Conclusion

New rights solution is creating an education market. Laws of supply and demand empower consumers bringing greater diversity choice and efficiency to schools increasing their ability to meet the needs of pupils parents and employers. Chubb and moe! Consumer choice Good example of new right perspective of education comes from chubb and moe.. State education has failed! Make the case for opning it up to maeket frces of supply and demand. Disadvantaged groups lower class ethnic religious minories and rural communites. Have been badly served by state education state has failed to create equal opportunity.. fails rto produce pupils with the skills needed by the economy. Private schools deliver higher quality education because unlike state schools they have to pay the consumers- the parents! Chubb & moe.. base their arguments on a comparison of the achievements of 60,000 pupils from low income families. 1015 state and private schools failing schools apparently being turned around. Pupils low income 5% better in private schools. Market system would improve quality and effieciency. Each family would be givena voucher to spend on buying education from a school of their choice. This woulkd force schools to become more responsive to parents wishes. Since the voucher would be the schools main source of income.. schools would have to compete to attract customers by improving their product. ...read more.

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