• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Gender roles/expectations that exists in contemporary Japanese society

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

AGNE GUSCENKAITE BEKKA program Sociology Final Take Home Exam MANDATORY QUESTION Gender role/expectation that exists in contemporary Japanese society Discuss one gender role or expectation that exists in contemporary Japanese society, please talk about: 1. how/why this role emerged and 2. provide examples of how men and/or women are changing and resisting/subverting this gender role/expectation. In Japan, traditional gender roles are characterised by a strong sense of patriarchy in society, this is a male dominated country with a distinct separation of gender roles. In the family, this refers to the idea that the man is a breadwinner and the woman is a homemaker. At the workplace, there is a strong male dominance in the company hierarchy. Generally, men have more career opportunities, often life-time job and good salary, and women are considered to be temporary employers, expected to stop working after the marriage or childbirth. Working women generally take on non leadership roles, so this reduces the possibility to climb on career steps. Childcare is regarded as the mother's responsibility and the father's domestic role is limited in helping to repair something and playing with children on weekends. Wives spend lot of time inside the house, and husbands - outside. Today this situation is a little bit changing, but still, remains the idea that man stands few steps higher than women, especially at work places and at government institutions. Gender roles and attitudes towards these roles among young generation?s couples are changing in a good way ? men spend more time with their children, and women have more opportunities in their career, especially in international context. ...read more.

Middle

Research by Sobieraj, 1998 (Children Now, Images of Men and Boys in Advertising, Spring, 2000), found in advertising for toys that these showed boys as "strong, independent, athletic, in control of their environments, adventurous, and aggressive. Girls are shown as giggling, gentle, affectionate, fixated on their physical appearance, and extremely well behaved.â (http://www.directessays.com/viewpaper/79101.html) I have watched some advertisements in TV, and noticed that women in these commercials are more likely to be young, beautiful, dependents, in the home and users of the products. They also are recommending some products without specific explanation how to use it or without the support of factual arguments (Men are better in to weigh in with an argument, I think). Men, on the other hand, are older, often “salarymen”, somewhere outside of the home and authorities on the products. They are also often explaining why the products are good and recommending items soundly. Even though some stereotypes about the presentation of gender in commercials persist (for setting, product type, voice-over), the recent study found an equal number of males and females appearing as primary characters in commercials during prime time. („Changing Gender Roles in Prime-Time Commercials in Malaysia, Japan, Taiwan, and the United Statesâ, Mary Jiang Bresnahan, Yasuhiro Inoue, Wen Ying Liu and Tsukasa Nishida). Talking about gender stereotypes in Japanese media, maybe somebody would talk about women position and how this position is objectified. Of course, Japanese women in past few decades felt discriminated politically and economically. ...read more.

Conclusion

(http://edstrong.blog-city.com/japan_sex_teenage_girls_and_consumerism.htm) Also it is present in other Asian countries, Europe and America. I think, the main problem is that with growing materialism and consumerism enjo kosai is still continuing. These young girls need luxurious and well-known designer’s goods and men - something they receive in change of it. It is like a magic circle, it makes these girls to be involved in this activity for a long time, because it is easy and immediate money. Earning money in this way can be even like a drug, it can create a strong dependency, and once they begin, it is quiet hard to stop later. Some sociologists see enjo kosai as a coming-of-age ritual that has naturally developed in Japan's contemporary capitalist society. Japan is famous for being a place full of contradictions and various sexual politics, which are quiet strange looking with West person’s eyes. In Japan enjo kosai is interpreted in much more easy way - girls lots of times even do not have to have sexual relation with a man, so they do not feel ashamed, and men, are justifying being them involved in this activity because this is the nature who created this „uncontrollable attractionâ, a justification that is not understandable to foreigners. In conclusion, for the girls who offer themselves and the men who pay, enjo kosai is a dangerous drug which consists of two powerful „elementsâ of thought that are deeply rooted in the collective perception of modern Japan – it is the point at which sexual fetish meets consumerism and, unfortunately, they „needâ each other for all the time to make it work. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Family & Marriage section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Family & Marriage essays

  1. Assess the view that gender roles and relationships have become more equal in modern ...

    Radical feminsts interpret findings such as those of Dobash and DObash as evidence of patriarchy. Kate Millett and Shulamith Firestone argue that all societies have been founded on patriarchy. They see the key division in society as that between men and women.

  2. How cultural deprivation affects the educational attainment of students.

    How many adults are there in your household? 1 [4] 2 [10] 2+ [6] How many children are there in your household? 1 [6] 2 [4] 3 [8] 4+ [2] What is the approximate income in your household? Under �20,000 [ ] �20,000-�30,000 [12] �30,000+ [8] Do you have a part time job?

  1. Free essay

    There is a gradual sharing of gender roles within the family.

    Oakley's research showed a clear division in labour as regards to housework, she interviewed forty women with children under the age of five from different social class backgrounds, her research showed a clear division in labour with women spending more time n housework 77 hours and 30 % of men contributed to childcare tasks.

  2. Explain and briefly evaluate ways in which femininities are created and reinforced in contemporary ...

    reinforces Oakley's points. Another recent study by Charles (2002) also said that the family is stereotypically gendered to males as the breadwinners and females as the caring role. This shows that girls can learn these roles from looking at their mother's behaviour. One other argument comes from Talcott parsons ( )

  1. GCSE Sociology Coursework

    This may affect my results as the teacher and students may behave differently, knowing that I am there. However, if I want to accurately record results, without creating a disruption, I would need to make my intentions clear to the group, so as not to distract them.

  2. Conjugal roles - I have interviewed my grandmother Joyce to find out about the ...

    there wasn?t any other way to live other than way set by government. It was around this time in the mid to late 40?s that people who may have been persecuted in the past, were able to speak out and organise a movement to produce changes for their rights.

  1. Outline and discuss the view that there now exists a range of family types ...

    the welfare state, and the nuclear family provides the essential roles of mother, father etc. In a contemporary society not only are there a range of different family types / structures but households have changed as well, it used to be the extended family living in one household and now

  2. The history of Childhood as a social construction

    ever surfacing by removing them from abusive home environments and placing them in institutions. Here they would share a "proper growing up" with other abandoned and neglected youths as well as delinquents who had violated the law.12 The social value of children was also affected by major economic transformations in

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work