• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Globalistion has brought improved inter-relationships

Extracts from this document...


"Globalisation has brought improved cultural, political and economic inter-relationships between societies." To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence agree with this view of world development? Cohen and Kennedy suggest that the function of sociologists today is to provide a 'sociology for one world', i.e., a global society that investigates and analyses the increasing interconnectedness and interdependency of the world. This is known as 'globalisation' - the emergence of a global economic and cultural system which, allegedly, is incorporating the people of the world into a single global society. It has been said that globalisation has brought improved cultural, political and economic inter-relationships between societies. Cohen and Kennedy argue that globalisation needs to be understood as a 'set of mutually reinforcing transformations' of the world. These include the following: - Changes in the concept of time and space - Mass travel enables us, through tourism, to experience a greater range of other cultures, this improving cultural inter-relationships between societies. - Economic markets and production in different countries - are becoming interdependent because of the growth in international trade, the new international division of labour, the growing influence of transnational corporations and the global dominance of organisations like the World Trade Organisation. ...read more.


GATT particularly aimed to reduce trade barriers and competition between nations. The World Trade Organisation, or WTO, replaced GATT in 1994, and extended the agreements on trade in goods, as well as negotiating a new GATT - which covers services such as telecommunications and banking. The main impact of these economic rules has been the increase in the flow of global finance from $17.5 trillion in 1979, to over $3000 trillion in 2000. This is also aimed to improve economic inter-relationships by reducing competition and increasing services between nations. However, Marxists and other global pessimists have criticised the free-trade agenda of the WTO. They claim that global trade rules are unfair and biased against developing countries as these countries are being pressured to open up their economies immediately to Western banks and transnationals, and to abandon tariffs on imports from the West. In this way, globalisation does not improve economic inter-relationships, but instead allows the West to be more dominating of developing countries. The neo-Marxist, Frobel, notes that from the 1970s onwards, we have seen substantial movement of industrial capital from the advanced industrialised world to the developing world. Many developing nations in the 1970s and 1980s set up export-processing zones (EPZs) ...read more.


This focus fails to acknowledge how Western culture is enriched by inputs from other world cultures and religions. - It assumes that people in the developing world are consumer dopes. In fact, their involvement in global culture may result in them accessing a wider range of choices. - It underestimates the strength of local culture. The problem with neo-Marxist and traditionalist views is that they tend to over-focus on economic globalisation and neglect the globalisation of culture. They also make the mistake of viewing globalisation as a one-way process and as a form of cultural imperialism. They consequently tend to see globalisation as leading inevitably to dystopia, rather than improving any bonds between societies. Pessimistic globalisers, such as Barber and Schulz, fear that we are turning into a 'McWorld', in which cultures and consumption will be standardised. However, the limited evidence we have so far suggests that hybridity - cultural borrowing and mixing - rather than uniformity may be the outcome of global cultural change. Cohen and Kennedy optimistically state that globalisation will lead to an extension in human rights, universal access to education and communications and multicultural understanding, meaning improved cultural inter-relationships. In conclusion, it cannot be denied that globalisation is occurring, but whether this is a good or a bad thing depends on the theoretical position you decide to take. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. Corrupt Societies

    In the novel, the government that was in place was run by the fireman who started fires in homes of the people who went against the rules. There are times when I realize that there is more to this world than the people and places around me.

  2. America's Freedom

    It was informally known as the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom. The march itself was the largest civil rights movement in history. It was not only a time of great hopefulness, but was also the confirmation of the possibility of some hope becoming a reality.

  1. Gender and the Media.

    them, there society's values and they learn the attributes of their sex at a young age and they know what is expected of them as a certain sex. The person is reinforced by social praise and punishment so the person can learn from mistakes and good deeds.

  2. Our Hands

    less important since 1995 up to the present, the current shifts in the gender system. The current shift in the gender system is due to the acceptance of women and they getting higher education and powerful positions. Roles have changed for women immeasurably in the last fifty years.

  1. "Guilty," freedom, strength, relief.

    keeping my stinging eyes focused straight in front of me apart from the when I felt a cold, trembling hand gently touching my arm. I quickly glanced down to see a slightly nervous but appreciated smile from a girl hiding behind her enormous glasses.

  2. 16th Century rebellions of the Netherlands.

    The advent of humanist thought pioneered by Erasmus roughly half a century before the Revolt undeniably paved the way for Calvinism. The humanists encouraged people to question established ideas and develop their own perspectives rather than simply adopting those of others.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work