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Growth of Religious Fundamentalism

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"The growth and influence of religious fundamentalism across the world challenges the claim that contemporary society has become secular". To what extent do sociological arguments and evidence support this view of contemporary religious belief and practice? Claims has been made that the current society is turning more secular by each day. However, with the numerous religious beliefs and practices there have been arguments for these claims. In today's society, there have been changes compared to the different old fashioned times. The society has enlarged with the amount of various religions coming in and turning it into a rather 'cults' system. Steve Bruce (1955) defined cult as a tradition within a religion, for example the idea of a loosely knit group organized around a particular belief system where it is more accepted rather than disregarded. A cult develops in such a way that makes it more individualistic instead of being an organized form of religion, where it is made more suitable in society. An example of such is within the religion of Hinduism, whereby it stands by different view, that is, it comprises of different outlooks nevertheless eventually leading to a single morality. ...read more.


However, the postmodernist's theorists do believe in the fact that the mainstream religion have been declining over time in the UK because of the increasing impact of people being migrating recently in the country. Additionally they also agrees with the idea that the society has become more secular, referring on the "pick and mix culture", "decline in meta-narratives and modern religion" and lastly due to the growth of fundamentalism". Pick and mix cultural society mainly refers to the city like London, which purely believes on the commercial ideas, in other words, we can say that it is a diluted form of a religion due to multicultural society therefore, in this case religion would be flourishing rather than declining. There has been an increase in people practicing other religions since UK government offers a great place of practice in the organization of secular affairs. However, there are conflicting views on the pick and mix culture in the society since there have been an increasing rate of Meta narrative been declining over time. In addition to this, there has been a fact that proves that Britain is no more a cultural country because of the increasing rate of immigrants; this has lead to the amount of people declining in visiting churches. ...read more.


In opposition to this, there are people who actually mistrust on the scientific knowledge and believe on the power of God which make them follow the theist nature of practitioner. Nevertheless, the growth of fundamentalism has lead to marginalize the society. A good example for this being 9/11/2007' incident, that directed people to go back to their core belief because of their uncertainty in the religion. However, according to the liberality of modern Britain, homosexuality is acceptable, despite this going on to its fundamental idea through New Testament or bible homosexuality is still against even in the modern world. Additionally faith schools have been increasing in society in order to make people believe more on religion and faiths. In conflict to the above view religions have been commercialized lately as people have been taking religion more as a business rather than faiths and beliefs. The absence of the religion in the society may be uncertainty about the applied political rules questioning whether a secular society should exist or not. Moreover, there has been an influence of religion in the public and political areas whereby conflict may arise, and hence resulting in inequality and injustice. In conclusion, the sociological argument holds views on for and against the contemporary society becoming more secular. ...read more.

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