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How Do The Media Influence Understanding Of Nature and Effect of Crime?

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Introduction

How Do The Media Influence Understanding Of Nature and Effect of Crime? Over the past few decades, we have seen a huge growth in the production and accessibility of the media. Ways of communicating through the media were relatively self contained in the 18th century, and were expressed by print and word of mouth. However, from the early 20th century this use of communication has exploded into mass media. This explosion of mass media has occurred as a direct result of the profound transformations in the development and technological advances of devices such as electrical equipment and transportation. Media has become more accessible via the creation and development of television, Radio, newspapers, the internet and most recently the expansion and high profile development of mobile phone technology. These advancements create a wider audience, more opportunity and faster access to media services and the news as it occurs by giving more choice and viewing options for the audiences. (Giddens, 2005) The earliest of media were newspapers, deriving from pamphlets and information sheets circulated in the early 18th century. From 1900, these newspapers became daily impact of public life, therefore creating discussion regarding the content and could therefore be said to be influencing the audiences and readers opinions and personal beliefs. Following the end of World War Two, television was introduced, and now fifty years on, there are hundreds of channels. ...read more.

Middle

However the general public do not see this or recognise this as factual or true information because the media generally do not report such crimes against young male's but those committed to the minority. This is therefore an example of the influence of the media that the general public and audience perceives that the elderly within our society are far more vulnerable and at risk of being victims of criminal activity. This example therefore shows that the media tends to report crimes that do not create a true picture of what is currently happening in society today. (Giddens, Sociology) When the media reports on crime they generally use males as examples of criminals, though this has changed over recent years. When crime is committed by women and this is reported it tends to be high profile and perceived by the public as extremely shocking. This shock may derive from the fact that, women, even by today's society, are seen to be soft, gentle home makers and victims of crime rather than the criminal. In 1997, 83% of all those found guilty or cautioned of committing crime, were male. Following this, there is also an enormous imbalance in the ratio of men to women in prison, (Giddens, 2005) with women only making up 3% of the prison population. ...read more.

Conclusion

As a result of both the media and public opinion, white collar crimes are regarded by the law enforcement authorities in a more tolerable light than crimes committed by the less privileged, impoverished offender. Even thought the costs of the white collar crimes to the public and government tend to be higher in terms of capital. (Giddens, 2005) In summary, by using the technological advances and the way the media in today's society is used it gives us a clear understanding of what is going on, however this understanding derives from the personal objectives of the origins of the report and also the current attitudes society has in terms of stereotyping. So in essence the media reports can influence and provide a picture which according to National Crime Surveys is different. So the media reports on the fears of society and expectations of them but by doing this it reinforces these and gives an untrue and un-press dented fact to what is actually occurring in criminal and offender trends. Reference Page * Bilton, T, Bonnet, K, Jones, P, Lawson, T, Introductory Sociology, (Macmillan, 2002) 4th Ed. Skinner, D, Stanworth, M, Webster, A * Giddens, A Sociology, (Polity Press, 2005) 4th Edition. * Lee, D Newby, H The Problem of Sociology, (Routledge, 1983) ?? ?? ?? ?? David Saxton 05496693 Criminology Page 1 ...read more.

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