• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement? Can they be viewed in isolation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SOCIOLOGY ESSAY Question: How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement? Can they be viewed in isolation? Historically, class has been the major factor in affecting achievement, and this is still widely believed by some. However, gender, ethnicity nor class can be viewed as the sole factor of affecting achievement. For example, if you are white, you will not pass solely based on the factor that you are white, or you may be from a working class background which could hinder your chances of passing because of material deprivation among other things. Or you may be a boy, because statistics show that boys are now achieving less than girls, but that does not mean all boys will fail because they are a boy. So, any one of these three factors cannot be viewed in isolation simply because there is more than one factor which affects educational achievement. This essay will discuss this view and explain why one factor cannot be viewed in isolation Class can be seen as the major factor which affects achievement; this is because there are many sociological explanations as to why working class pupils fail and middle class pupils succeed. Historically, middle class boys were the only people allowed to go to schools, simply because they could afford it, working class kids were not educated so they were only able to get low paid jobs. ...read more.

Middle

This is because pupils were home tutored in order to pass these exams, this was no the case with working class pupils as their parents were unable to afford home tutoring, and in other cases, there was a lack of parental interest. Material deprivation, as well as a lack of parental interest affected working class pupils. Working class pupils were deprived of educational toys, books, resources and a quiet study area among other things. This was because their parents were either unable to afford them or did not want to invest too much into what they thought would be a lost cause. Sugerman summed this up in his "fatalistic" theory. He stated that working class families would not try to improve their condition and would only plan in "present time orientation". They would also seek immediate gratification by sending their children off to low paid jobs as soon as they left compulsory education as opposed to investing in universities so their child could get qualifications to gain better paid jobs. Many of the points made in relation to class factors affecting achievement can be equally applied to ethnic group experiences in our education system. This should be kept in mind when considering this area of the course. Many pupils from ethnic backgrounds cannot speak English too well and so would suffer from the language differences. ...read more.

Conclusion

These explanations may answer a part of the reason why girls are now achieving better than boys, but there is more. The introduction of coursework is an advantage for girls, as they are better organised and use their free time to do work as opposed to boys who are less organised and would rather go out or sit in front of the television than do work. In the classroom, boys are more likely be sent out of for being disruptive or excluded for getting into fights, which results in them falling behind. Another factor is, that the majority of the boys are working class, and they want the same manual labour job their fathers had, but because of a lack of these boys are not conforming to new types of jobs such as in call centre's, which is regarded as feminine. Therefore many working class boys will not strive to succeed whereas the girls will as they have an opportunity to have a future career ahead of them. In conclusion, as single factor, whether it be gender, ethnicity or class, cannot be viewed in isolation. If it where the case, then the only people we see succeeding in life would be white middle class boys and white working class girls as working class boys underachieve. This example alone shows that one factor cannot be viewed in isolation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ms Adams ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Secondary modern schools tended to have poorer resources and facilities due to a lack of income. Since it created many problems, the tripartite system was replaced by the newly installed labour government, which aimed, once again, to create equality amongst the social classes.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    of issues like poverty" This does correspond with the study by Drew (1995) that found even through class have a massive effect on everybody, there are clear differences that remain for ethnic minority groups once class has been taken into account.

  1. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    The sample was divided into two groups: those from families with sole use of hot water, a bathroom and a toilet and those who did not have these facilities or shared them with others. Findings showed that those with 'unsatisfactory' living conditions scored significantly lower in ability and reading tests than those in 'satisfactory conditions'.

  2. Which has the greatest impact on educational attainment – gender, social class or ethnicity?

    quotes "(9) they possess the code of the message" and that this gives them a great advantage over working class children when it comes to speaking or writing. Sociologists such as Wedge and Prosser (10) (1958) looks at other areas with in social class they discuss the physical condition of the home in their study.

  1. Critically assess explanations for differential educational achievement in relation to ethnicity

    However, family size is much larger for Bangladeshi and Pakistani youths. It has been suggested that the West Indian population in Britain has a higher proportion of one-parent families compared to other ethnicities. West Indians are held to have a family life that fails to encourage children to do well in education.

  2. 'why do some do better at school than others?' This essay explores the home ...

    For children from working class families it is a struggle to get by, many families are working to meet their survival needs there may not even have a proper breakfast, which makes it difficult to concentrate in class. Living Conditions at home might help middle-class students to study.

  1. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    and in some rare cases, boys with a hormone deficiency may have ?female? genitals until puberty, when sufficient testosterone is produced, the penis grows and the testes drop outside the body. A case which evidenced this in favour of the biological approach was the study of the Batista family by Imperato-McGinley et al (1974)

  2. Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

    This may result in absences from school due to illnesses. The third way in which material deprivation may affect educational achievement is financial support and the costs of education. Lack of financial support means that the children from poor families have to do without equipment and miss out on experiences

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work