• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement? Can they be viewed in isolation?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

SOCIOLOGY ESSAY Question: How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement? Can they be viewed in isolation? Historically, class has been the major factor in affecting achievement, and this is still widely believed by some. However, gender, ethnicity nor class can be viewed as the sole factor of affecting achievement. For example, if you are white, you will not pass solely based on the factor that you are white, or you may be from a working class background which could hinder your chances of passing because of material deprivation among other things. Or you may be a boy, because statistics show that boys are now achieving less than girls, but that does not mean all boys will fail because they are a boy. So, any one of these three factors cannot be viewed in isolation simply because there is more than one factor which affects educational achievement. This essay will discuss this view and explain why one factor cannot be viewed in isolation Class can be seen as the major factor which affects achievement; this is because there are many sociological explanations as to why working class pupils fail and middle class pupils succeed. Historically, middle class boys were the only people allowed to go to schools, simply because they could afford it, working class kids were not educated so they were only able to get low paid jobs. ...read more.

Middle

This is because pupils were home tutored in order to pass these exams, this was no the case with working class pupils as their parents were unable to afford home tutoring, and in other cases, there was a lack of parental interest. Material deprivation, as well as a lack of parental interest affected working class pupils. Working class pupils were deprived of educational toys, books, resources and a quiet study area among other things. This was because their parents were either unable to afford them or did not want to invest too much into what they thought would be a lost cause. Sugerman summed this up in his "fatalistic" theory. He stated that working class families would not try to improve their condition and would only plan in "present time orientation". They would also seek immediate gratification by sending their children off to low paid jobs as soon as they left compulsory education as opposed to investing in universities so their child could get qualifications to gain better paid jobs. Many of the points made in relation to class factors affecting achievement can be equally applied to ethnic group experiences in our education system. This should be kept in mind when considering this area of the course. Many pupils from ethnic backgrounds cannot speak English too well and so would suffer from the language differences. ...read more.

Conclusion

These explanations may answer a part of the reason why girls are now achieving better than boys, but there is more. The introduction of coursework is an advantage for girls, as they are better organised and use their free time to do work as opposed to boys who are less organised and would rather go out or sit in front of the television than do work. In the classroom, boys are more likely be sent out of for being disruptive or excluded for getting into fights, which results in them falling behind. Another factor is, that the majority of the boys are working class, and they want the same manual labour job their fathers had, but because of a lack of these boys are not conforming to new types of jobs such as in call centre's, which is regarded as feminine. Therefore many working class boys will not strive to succeed whereas the girls will as they have an opportunity to have a future career ahead of them. In conclusion, as single factor, whether it be gender, ethnicity or class, cannot be viewed in isolation. If it where the case, then the only people we see succeeding in life would be white middle class boys and white working class girls as working class boys underachieve. This example alone shows that one factor cannot be viewed in isolation. ?? ?? ?? ?? Ms Adams ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sociological Differentiation & Stratification essays

  1. How do the three factors of class, gender and ethnicity affect achievement in education?

    Secondary modern schools tended to have poorer resources and facilities due to a lack of income. Since it created many problems, the tripartite system was replaced by the newly installed labour government, which aimed, once again, to create equality amongst the social classes.

  2. Is the Underachievement of Ethnic Minority Children due to a Racist School System?

    An example of this could be arranged marriages. Also it is true to say that the family is changing, and with more mixed race families it maybe hard to say what culture has the best support system because there is no norm anymore.

  1. The issue of two interwoven entities - personal identity and ethnicity

    In my survey, I mostly included the questions for which the answers would serve me as inferential indicators of the traits of personal identities and beliefs concerning the students' views on ethnic diversity. Especially, in order to find out what kind of ethnic ideology the surveyed students stood for, I

  2. Explain the influence of social class and gender on educational achievement

    For example the language used in IQ tests may be closer to that of the middle classes than that of the working classes. This is a view perhaps supported by Bernstein B (1990 cited in Sociology in Focus, p297) who recognizes two types of speech codes.

  1. Research into the distribution of income by sex, region, ethnicity and occupation in the ...

    uproot themselves and their families to far-flung places to get the necessary promotions. * Another factor is Maternity Leave. When choosing to set up a family, Women are the people who will have to take time off work to give birth.

  2. Biological and Social Constructionist explanations of Gender development

    Some of these studies show significant effects while others show no differences. Most CAH research involves small samples and lab studies with animals tend to show that testosterone does lead to increased aggression. The social constructionist view of gender dismisses the idea that genes are responsible for the way that we think and behave.

  1. "Internal factors within the educational system are the primary reason for the improvement in ...

    Equal opportunities also helped to introduce a National Cirriculum in 1988, this now meant girls' and boys' would be studying mainly the same subjects rather than been split so that they would be studying the subjects that fitted the traditional image of a male or female.

  2. Cultural deprivation and class differences in achievement

    Over crowding can make it harder for the child to study. Marilyn Howard states that young people from poorer homes have lower intakes of energy, vitamins and minerals. Poor nutrition affects health by weakening the immune system and lowering children?s energy levels.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work