• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How far do the sources taken together support the view that 'it was mainly the media who turned the Kray Twins from villains into heroes'?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Rebecca Hayes Coursework How far do the sources taken together support the view that 'it was mainly the media who turned the Kray Twins from villains into heroes'? The title of this essay already assumes that the Kray Twins were villains and that they were actually seen as heroes. Not all of the sources say either, that the twins were villains, or that the Twins were heroes, some are objective. It could be said that the question is biased towards the twins. The British media often represented the East End of London as a somewhat 'glamorous' and 'trendy area'. Photographs, by David Bailey, showed young men dressed in 'stylish suits', 'narrow ties' and 'stovepipe trousers'. These quotes come from source 3. Later in the same source the author, Jones, the East End being one of the best and most prominent settings for thrillers and novels on which to be written. He describes the 'evil' of the East End and its 'poverty induced conditions' and how people lived their lives against a back drop of 'drunkenness, immortality, 'rape' and 'assault' and how gangs often ruled the streets. ...read more.

Middle

Even when the Krays were in prison they 'happily minded their notoriety' and there were 'Kray goodies' for sale. This comes from source 5, it shows that it wasn't only the newspapers that celebrated the Krays they, themselves, advertised their lives by openly selling memoirs including videos, t-shirts, autographed photos and Kray belt buckles. The title alone, of source 1, tells us that John Pearson was 'commissioned to write their biography'. This suggests that the Krays 'Firm' wasn't a very secret business and they wanted to publicise their criminality. Source 4 backs up ideas from source 3 (from a book about the twins called 'brothers in arms''). It compares the 'Mafia of Sicily' and the American 'Cosa Nostra', notorious organised criminal gangs, to the Krays and dismisses their serious behaviour, claiming they were only 'jack-the-lads'. Later on in the same source the author tries to justify the two murders the twins committed. Both the murder victims were described as being 'miserable, low-life street thugs'. The same source gives a list of all the crimes the twins were 'never charged or convicted' of including drug dealing, manipulation, corruption and terrorism. ...read more.

Conclusion

People describing it as a 'sad loss'. The source also has a sarcastic element, describing the Krays as 'delightful', 'lovely fellows' and as 'killers-killers who built an empire. 'Ron was a psychopath' where as Reg had 'some brains and abundant charm'. McLeod clearly biased towards one of the twins. McLeod also describes associates and friends of the twins as 'fools'. He clearly justifies the sentences they got saying a 'few years earlier...would have been hanged', a completely different opinion from source 3 'the heaviest prison sentence ever handed down by a British court of law'. Referring back to the question, most of the sources do suggest that that the media were responsible sensationalising crime, in general. There are certain sources, which certainly do glamorise the environment of the Krays. It shows what a 'sheddy' place they were surrounded by and the kind of people who lived around them source 3 really shows this. The Krays themselves were involved a lot in making themselves celebrities and publicising their criminal activity, they also had a way of manipulating the media into printing stories that happened. The statement is an exaggeration of the truth, but the media definitely played a part in advertising crime and making it 'trendy'. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Media section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Media essays

  1. CENSORSHIP - A Liberal and Conservative View

    Furthermore conservatives see themselves in a paternalistic manner, meaning that their actions may not seem to be in the boundaries of freedoms, and rationality (as liberals say)

  2. Moral Panic and media folk devils.

    The implication of books also has lasted from comic books in the 1950s to Harry Potter today. It also appears certain subjects are linked such as Harry Potter and Dungeons and Dragons as they are both fantasy and panics surround the idea of black magic and demons in the content of these.

  1. Do the Media have the power to shape public opinion?

    A further limitation of the study is that it focuses on changes of opinion (voting plans) but failed to look at what made people form the opinions that they did in the first place. Failure to take into account the long-term consequences of the complex nature of the media could

  2. How is Crime represented in the Media

    When ethnic minorities move to "white" neighbourhoods that are lower in crime, their crime rate is the same as the rest of the neighbourhood, while whites living in lower class areas tend to be as criminal as their minority counterparts.

  1. Context childhood from different sources

    Their cultures lacked the concept of childhood.' This source illustrates that children were treated the same as adults and did not have a childhood. However, Aries argues that today children have a separate status. "Social construction', Aries believes that childhood is created; this is how society believes children should be treated.

  2. Does Media Violence Lead to Aggression and Societal Violence?

    the result of the survey does support my belief and suggest that media violence may not be the cause of aggression and societal violence. Other factors need to be taken into account when evaluating the effect of media violence. Recent studies of media violence include George Gerbner's Cultivation Study.

  1. The Effects of the Media on Criminal Behaviour

    If the opinion leaders happen to have criminalistic interpretations of the message, you are likely to change your own interpretations slightly to allow for criminalistic ideas, and group behaviour may change as the ideas of a group change. This could explain gang behaviour and how it may start, and highlights

  2. How Media, Advertising and Celebrity Culture Affects Female Body Image

    to 1995, however since the arrival of television it was found to be increasingly common. Women interviewed by researchers expressed the influence that many shows, including Xena the Warrior Princess and Beverly Hills 90210, had on the way they perceived their own body image: ?The actresses and all those girls,

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work