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How Great an Effect Did Urbanisation have On a Scottish Society Between 1880 and 1939?

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Introduction

How Great an Effect Did Urbanisation have On a Scottish Society Between 1880 and 1939? Urbanisation affected the lives of ordinary people in many ways. In the 1880s people in Scotland lived as much in the countryside as in towns and cities. But by 1939 most people lived in cities and towns. This fact alone shows that urbanisation played a huge part in changing Scottish Society. By 1939, 63.4% of a population of over five million lived in the cities. This meant that urban growth caused problems of crowded housing, and social problems such as health and safety. Between 1880 and 1939 many people lived in over crowded and squalid housing. Because of the rapid increase of workers to cities, tenement blocks were built, these buildings of four or five stories contained one or two roomed homes. ...read more.

Middle

Urbanisation helped change the way people spent their leisure time. Such as visiting neighbours or friends and in the 1900s the wind up gramophone provided reproduced music and in 1926 the British Broadcasting Corporation was established. This was mainly plays and classical music. Public houses became attractive, well-lit and comfortable escapes for the men. In 1921 opening hours were restricted and confined to a total of eight hours a day. Gambling in ice-cream parlours became enormously popular from the 1890s. These were seen as centres of disturbance to which people went after closing of public houses. These brought about an anti -ice-cream political group. Local authorities provided alternatives such as art galleries, museums, public parks and libraries. The 1880s to 1930s saw the standard of living rise for working class peoples. ...read more.

Conclusion

However in the 1880s the Church of Scotland no longer played the key role. In 1872 an act of Parliament required all children to go to school from the age of five to thirteen. This meant that workers were better educated than before and more teachers were needed so employment for women teachers grew rapidly. In 1883 the general school leaving age was raised to fourteen. But with huge exceptions which made it ineffective. The 1918 Act, which abolished school boards brought Roman Catholic schools into the scope of State, supported education. Universities were reformed and expanded because it was easier for students to enter, and institutions were opened up to women as part of the 1889 University Act. So, the effect of urbanisation between 1880 and 1939 is clearly shown to have a great significance in all areas of every day life. We can see the effects in society's view on education, religion, health and safety, housing and leisure activities. 730 words ...read more.

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