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Inequalities in education.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

��ࡱ�>�� @B����?�������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������5@ ��0K@bjbj�2�2 (L�X�X�5���������������8V b�v��������`bbbbbb$WR���������������...�����`.�`..@��@�~ PAg`h���X@`�0�@O �LO @�D�,����O �@ ��.�������.Sharon Mullen In education, all the research, past, present, and at nearly every criteria, shows working class underachievement against their middle class counterparts. Even though standards have risen the divide between the classes remains constant. Recent figures in a labour force survey stated that 80% with professional backgrounds entered university at 18. Middle class children are 5 times more likely to enter higher education than working class children. Many researchers and studies have asked the question 'why?' and tried to address it, we will examine three different methods and evaluate each one in turn to see their strengths and weakness.Various studies have shown that, even when IQ is the same, there are clear differences in educational achievement between working class students and their middle class couterparts. It could be argued that IQ tests are biased in favour of the middle class as they are constructed by this class, nevertheless it has been suggested that class is directly related to achievement. The Functionalists' perspective sees a ladder of opportunity open to all, failure to use the ladder is caused by cultural deprivation, this theory suggests that some cultures are inferior to others and so less able to equip their members to deal successfully within the social world, thus working class childrens' home background, values and norms are to blame for their underachievement. ...read more.

Middle

is given to able children. The curriculum at the moment is individually assessed on ideas, written word, but doesn't bear any relationship to every day needs. Young argues that the curriculum should be amended to give equal status to other forms of knowledge such as practical, speaking word, group work that match every day needs. So, by changing the curriculum it would equal status to qualifications gained by the bottom and top streams. Although, any changes to the curriculum would be resisted by the dominant group. Rutters study of 12 similar ILEA schools within a 6mile radius suggests that schools (even in a disadvantaged area) which incorporated regular homework, good courses and teaching, displaying pupils work etc encouraged pupils to better achieve in their academic work & behaviour. Therefore, schools with good teaching, values, punctuality etc enhance a pupils achievement and behaviour. This is significant as it shows that schools can and do make a difference. The interpretive arguement shows that schools and schooling are very important in the achievement/underachievement of pupils and clearly play their part and have an enormous effect on children, however this is only part of the answer and does not address the home background. The Marxists perpective in contrast does not believe that a ladder of opportunity exists at all. Marxists suggest education in capitalist societies such as ours match people to their jobs, education helps keep inequality and the class system strong. ...read more.

Conclusion

who go on to into the best jobs etc. and perpetuate capitalism control and dominence for future generations. Bibliography: Haralambos and Holborn, Sociology, Themes and Perspectives (fourth edition) This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ This document was downloaded from Coursework.Info - The UK's Coursework Database - http://www.coursework.info/ �=�= > >}>~>�>�>a?b?�?�?E@F@J@K@������������h�h,h�h,OJQJh�h,h�h,CJOJQJ%h�h,h�h,OJQJfHq� ����)h�h,h�h,CJOJQJfHq� ����h�h,h^� h^�h�h, � g �M��@��'�m89:��'�'�':::@=�����������������������������gd^��=J@��@=A=B=P=�=�= > >>>~>>�>�>�>�>�>�>b?c?d?e?�?�?�?�?F@��������������������������$a$gd�h,$a$gd�h,gd^�F@G@H@I@J@K@�����gd^�&1�h:p^���/ ��=!�'"�'#��$��%��D@�D NormalCJ_H aJmH nHsH tHDA@�D Default Paragraph FontRi�R Table Normal�4� l4�a� (k�(No ListDZ@�D ^� Plain TextCJOJQJ^JaJ4@4 �h,Header ���!4 @4 �h,Footer ���!`�o"` �h,watermark header$a$CJOJQJfHq� ����N�o2N �h,watermark footer$a$ CJOJQJK8L���� ���z� ���z� ���z� ���z�U �6.K8���r�V�:��K@!@=F@K@"$%J@#�5�5 666�6�6�6c7e7�7�7G8L8�5 66�6�6�6c7e7�7�7G8L8��alex��h,^��@�5|"GK8P@��Unknown������������G��z ��Times New Roman5V��Symbol3&� �z ��Arial7&�� �VerdanaG5�� �����h�MS Mincho-�3� fg?5� �z ��Courier New"1���h�T���T���T���7-��7-���������4�5�53�� H�?������������������^���Sharon Mullen TCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedTCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedalexalex�� ��Oh��+'��0l���(��� � ( 4 @LT\d�Sharon Mullen UCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedualexewoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedu>Downloaded from Coursework.Info - http://www.coursework.info/is Normal.dotfalexl.d2exMicrosoft Word 10.0@@5Bh��@5Bh��@5Bh���7-�� ��Õ.��+,��D��Õ.��+,��p,���H����� ���� � �UCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution ProhibitedoUCoursework.Info Coursework - http://www.coursework.info/ - Redistribution Prohibitedo�5��5A Sharon Mullen Titled@���+K_PID_LINKBASE CopyrightDownloaded FromCan RedistributeOwner�A4http://www.coursework.comcoursework.comehttp://www.coursework.com -No, do not redistributecoursework.com/ !"#$%&����()*+,-.����0123456����89:;<=>��������A������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������Root Entry�������� �F�Rh`h��C�1Table��������'WordDocument��������(LSummaryInformation(����/DocumentSummaryInformation8������������7CompObj������������j������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���� �FMicrosoft Word Document MSWordDocWord.Document.8�9�q ...read more.

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