• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Is the role of the education system to reproduce class divisions in the interest of the capital class?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Is the Role of the Education System to reproduce class divisions in the interest of the capital class? Functionalists, the consensus theory believe that education continues the socialisation started at home by the family. They believe that school teaches children skills needed for later life in work and it also teaches norms and values, what is right and wrong. Education is therefore seen as important to functionalists because it means the passing on of the culture of society from one generation to the next. Another purpose of the education system is to teach children how to take their place as adults. Functionalists believe that the system is based on mertiocratic society, where everyone has equal opportunities. They believe that schools select and grade individuals so that the most able and the most talented are able to take up the most important positions in society, where they are rewarded with higher status and pay. They do not believe that your class, who you know or who your parents are, effects your opportunities or type of education. Marxists, the conflict view of education think that society is the way it is because some individuals and groups have more power than the others and they use this power to look after their own interests. ...read more.

Middle

the hidden curriculum is particularly important because it helps the continuation of class, gender and race inequalities. At school we are taught how to behave, we learn to mix with other children from a variety of backgrounds. We learn about history and geography of the country we live in, we learn about its cultural heritage in literature and art. In some classrooms we learn to work as individuals, in organised games we learn to work as part of the team. From the consensus point of view we are being socialised into the norms and values of our culture. There are formal rules that we have to obey like school uniform, no fighting or bullying, doing homework. Then there are the informal rules we are taught by our peer groups such as how to wear our uniform, how much homework to admit to doing and the acceptable behaviour from boys and girls. If we break the formal rules we may be punished with a detention or by being expelled or suspended, if we conform to these rules we are rewarded with house points and merits. ...read more.

Conclusion

They also have very little choice about what they learn and when preparing you for dull, repetitive low status jobs. Schooling is said to prepare us for this kind of work in two ways. First of all at school we work towards external rewards like GCSE's, rather than for the intrinsic satisfaction of studying for the sake of it. The real reward of study is not the joy of learning but the certificate that lets you get the job you want. Also at school we study in fragmented fashion with different lessons throughout the day. This fragmentation of subjects is said to prepare us for work were most of us will work on a little part or detail of the system in a factory or office with no overview of the whole system. The work is dull so we will do it for external rewards (pay) instead of satisfaction. For conflict theorists the hidden curriculum can be seen as a form of social control because he teaches us to accept the inequalities that exist in the wider society. We learn to accept and not challenge these inequalities, so they continue to be passed down from one generation to the next. Inequality is therefore reproduced by the education system. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Work & Leisure section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Work & Leisure essays

  1. 'The function of education is to reproduce and legitimate social inequality. Discuss.'

    collar workers down to manual employees; one being answerable to the next, but at the top of the ladder, the shareholders who own and control the entire company. Within the workplace there is a fragmentation of tasks. Due to the structure of the work itself the tasks become mundane, provide little, if any scope for initiative, responsibility and judgement.

  2. 'Education is a tool of the ruling class'- Discuss.

    conformist attitude, work discipline and an acceptance of a future of being poor and frequently unemployed. They also argue that the schemes help to legitimise class divisions because they encourage the idea that the working class kids are trained whilst the middle class ones are educated.

  1. a) With reference to the Items and elsewhere, assess the view that the introduction ...

    He believes that they face the same difficulties and disadvantages as other working class children. But they have other problems to face as well. For many of these children English will not be the main language spoken at home. This makes it difficult to learn because they have to do everything in a "foreign" language.

  2. SOCIAL CLASS DIVISION

    Also, that the state system perpetuates, (through its methods of streaming, curriculum arrangements, examinations and social location in specific neighbourhoods) a way of continuing to educate the children of middle- class, working-class (and ethnic minority groups) more or less separately.

  1. Examine the ways in which educational policies may reproduce and justify social class inequalities

    The tripartite system and the introduction of the 11+ simply created more social divides. The Act aimed to improve the education of all children but it did the opposite. The 11+ did not necessarily measure intelligence. It was culturally biased and suited the middle class generation more than the working class.

  2. Find out what subjects girls study more in higher education as well as for ...

    In this book Alison Kelly claims science is "masculine because of the way it is presented, the content of its curriculum, the types of employment to which it is related and because of the sex of those who study, teach and use it.

  1. How important is class in voting behaviour?

    In 1993, Crewe said, "In the 1945-70 period, nearly two thirds of all voters voted fro their class party. From February 1974 the link slowly and fitfully weakened and since 1983 the proportion has been under half (44-7%) with a majority voting for either the 'class enemy' or for the non-class centre or nationalists parties.

  2. Examine the Marxist view that the role of the education system is to reproduce ...

    They called this the correspondence theory ie. Everything at school was the same as it would be at work. Bowles and Gintis also believed in something called the Hidden Curriculum. This was where students gained knowledge in subjects that were not on the curriculum.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work