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Is there a single definitive policing model appropriate to policing in England and Wales?

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´╗┐Policing S12795099 Is there a single definitive policing model appropriate to policing in England and Wales? The purpose of this essay is to examine whether there is a single definitive policing model appropriate to policing in England and Wales. The Police are members of a police force. They are an organised Civil force of a federal or local government, responsible for the prevention and detection of crime and the maintenance of public order. Oxford Dictionaries. (2012). oxford. Their job is to work in partnership with the communities, they help to sustain law and order, safeguard members of the public and their possessions, stop crime and develop the quality of life for all citizens. This essay will discuss reasons to why there is not a single definitive policing model appropriate to policing in England and Wales. In 1829, Sir Robert Peel created the Metropolitan Police when he served as Home Secretary of England. According to Peel, the real key for policing is "the police are the people and the people are the police". Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens. ...read more.


This method was similar to preventive policing to where officers would patrol the streets on foot but instead they will patrol the streets with the use of cars and two-way radios. Reactive policing brought many benefits in terms of tackling crime as it provided tangible measurements, so that efficiency could be judged ( such as response times and arrest figures). (Joyce 2010). Moreover reactive policing did have its disadvantages. Police officers had small or no knowledge of different neighbourhoods so the police had a habit of stereotyping people who lived in them. Huge criticisms were then made in which stop and search powers were used against black youths seeing as opinions were already made by the police that all members of black communities posed a problem for society. (Joyce 2010). This reduced the level of cooperation with the police with the community. A different method of policing is Community policing. This method consisted of the police forming an effective relationship with the community. They focus on their concerns relating to crime. Mutual trust between the police and community is vital. This is also known as reactive policing as police respond to specific requests from individuals/groups in the community which incorporates instant response to calls and follow-up investigations. ...read more.


Although sentencing has been increased, the Mayor is clear that young people shouldn't be carrying knives and he is advocating stronger sentences. In May 2008, the Met launched Blunt 2, a huge police operation in London in response to several young people being killed in attacks involving knives. It involves stop-and-search teams in boroughs across the capital. Since then, over 9,000 knives have been seized in London and over 18,300 arrests have been made. Greater London Authority. (2012). In conclusion, many different methods of policing have been put in place to keep crime rates low in both England and Wales. As all crimes are different and every crime has an outcome which is a different punishment. There is not one way of policing England and Wales as new criminals will continue to commit new crime and new sentences will continue to be carried out. Officers will have to develop new skills in order to be knowledgeable on how to tackle new crimes this will try and prevent the existence of crime itself than react. Crime itself is normalized within society. It is a balance which makes society fairly functional. With crime present, it creates a need of laws which potentially only strengthens the centre of society by defining to the members of society what is right and what is wrong. ...read more.

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