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jack the ripper - law and order

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Introduction

Describe law and order in the late nineteenth century In 1829 the Home Secretary, Sir Robert Peel set up the Metropolitan Police Force. Two police forces that existed prior to the Met were Bow Street Runners and Thames River Police Force. Peel considered creating the Met because watchmen and Parish constables couldn't control more serious disturbances such as riots. One problem in keeping law and order at the time was in London when law and order broke down in 1870 in the Gordon riots. Riots were a big issue during the 19th century in Britain and police forces that existed before the Met couldn't deal with such behavior. The role of the police was to carry out the duties of the special constables and the watchmen. Their expected role was to patrol the streets, prevent crime and to deal with riots. The army supported the police in dealing with riots. ...read more.

Middle

The Met's public image and reputation during the 19th century was mixed. Negative views were caused because the working class didn't trust the police due to the use of force during demonstrations. The positive view was that they were dealing with street crime. The role of the Met was to prevent crime and not solve them, which lead to some crimes decreasing whilst others increased. For example street crimes went down and burglaries had risen. Policing at the time wasn't effective because there was no immediate or effective change. There was poor organisation as the Met was not being of use throughout London. The police weren't trained to solve crime, which was a big issue. The Met introduced detectives in 1842. Detective work became more organised when methods were introduced to deal with criminal offences. The initial concerns were the corruption of the detectives and three out of four were found guilty of this. ...read more.

Conclusion

They had to walk several hours a day. The training received was inefficient as it mainly involved military drill. It didn't allow them to do their job effectively because many crimes were still not dealt with as inspections focused on parades rather than police work. The use of the force was frowned upon by a number of incidents. The baton charge was used throughout most of the 19th century. The public didn't like this method as it led to demonstrations. One such incident was 'Bloody Sunday' which occurred on 13th November 1887. The police were seen as favouring the middle and upper class rather than the poor and working class. Overall not much change was made for dealing with crime. The expected role of the force was to prevent and not solve crime. Lack of training for the force meant some crimes were increasing. Their poor reputation from methods used to deal with riots to drunkenness made them even more unpopular. The Met had brought about little change to make law and order more successful. (815 words) Sonal Varsani 10E GCSE History: Jack The Ripper Coursework 2005 ...read more.

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