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Marginalisation theories on Ethnicity and Crime

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Introduction

Marginalisation (Ethnicity & Crime) Origin Hazel Croall (1998) ? stems from the 19th century when people associated the Irish as the ?dangerous class?. Coretta Philips & Ben Bowling (2002) ? issues regarding race and crime returned to public attention in the 1970s when there was an increase in the amount of African/Caribbean people in the prisons in Britain. Are Caribbean people being more criminal that other ethnicities? The Case of Stephan Lawrence (1993) ? African Caribbean teenager who was verbally abused (race) and stabbed to death by a gang of white youths. No one has been convicted. The Macpherson Inquiry (1999) accused the police of ?Institutional Racism?. Ethnicity, Crime & Moral Panic ? ?Black Criminality? & ?Asian Gang? Philips & Bowling (2002) ...read more.

Middle

Argues that African Caribbean people were more likely to be labeled as criminals than whites. The police are racist towards them. They are accused of street crimes mostly such as mugging which, it has been said has led to moral panic. Moral Panic ? exaggerated outburst of public concern over the morality and behaviour of a group in society. Gilroy also argues that the high crime rate for African Caribbeans and Asians might be as a result of their Anti- Colonial Struggles against Britain and also a political attack. Hall et. al (1979) ? the continued occurrences of a crime at the hands of a group in society (e.g. muggings by African Caribbeans) will lead to moral panic. However, they do not agree that this is inevitable. ...read more.

Conclusion

As such, how can it be that the high rates of black criminals are due to police discrimination? In the 1960?s, the crime rate for African Caribbean immigrants was lower than the national average. Moreover, even today, rates for offences such as burglary is lower for African Caribbeans than for whites. If the argument of police discrimination is still to be applied, in light of this evidence, it suggests that Positive Discrimination is used in favour of the African Caribbeans. However, L&Y believe that there has been an increase in certain types of crime amongst African Caribbeans most likely due to unemployment and racial discrimination. L&Y are also critical of Gilroy?s Anti- Colonial struggle theory arguing that these immigrants are 2nd generation, many of whom were born in Britain. Many of the crimes committed by African Caribbeans are done onto African Caribbeans. Therefore, this is clearly not a political attack as Gilroy states. ...read more.

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