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AS and A Level: Media
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- Marked by Teachers essays 1
Also adolescents are very influenced by the media, media has become there subculture- pop culture (e.g. movies, music and TV) to have watches the latest film, to heard the latest song is a sensational thing. The internet has become a very important part of teenage life. This is due to chat rooms, email, and web pages. The media is effective for a good reason because some cartoons are educational. An example of this is a cartoon called 'Dora the Explorer'; this cartoon teaches children how to talk in Spanish.
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How does V relate to the historical revolutionary Guy Fawkes, in which V was trying to portray with his mask in the first place? The definition of a terrorist/terrorism is politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, according to the U.S Law. People who argue that V is a terrorist would say that V fits that criteria and that he is indeed inflicting terror and violence against civilians.
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All of them have once written about some kind of empowerment and about love. The song I am leaving behind is "No Pain, No Gain" by Betty Wright. Betty Wright was born December 21, 1953, born and raised in Miami, FL. She is a soul and R & B singer who influenced a generation of female singers and songwriters. She released her first album at the age of 15. Since then, she has released 15 albums. In 1988 she made music history by being the first woman to have a gold record on her own label, with the release of Mother Wit.
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This is a stereotype used throughout soaps and life. Although stereotypes make characters easier to relate to they do take away some of the realism because they tend to be over exaggerated. Stereotypes are frequently used as a way of creating easily identifiable characters. They do not tend to create a bad representation of people. For example Peggy in Eastenders is a stereotypical busty, blond and a loud landlady but she is not seen in a bad light in fact the opposite as she is seen as a strong woman able to cope with anything life throws at her.
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Also, looking at knife crime from a more macro perspective, it could be said that increase in crime costs our society economically (the government paying to keep them in overcrowded jails) and culturally (creating a negative image to other countries/societies and harmful stereotypes). According to a recent study by the youth justice board, relative poverty among young people has caused many to resort to violent crime in order to get the things they covet (iPods and mobile phones)
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Secondary socialisation comes after primary socialisation and builds on it. It's carried out by various institutions. The most important are education, peer groups, religion, mass media and workplace. The education system aims to pass on knowledge and skills such as reading and numeracy. Learning these skills is a part of socialisation, but sociologists suggest that education socialises individuals in other ways as well. Functionalists, like Durkheim, believe that school promotes consensus by teaching norms and values. They also say children learn to value belonging to a larger group through things like school uniform and assembly.
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Shakespeare, opera, sophisticated restaurants and arty French films are the type of things that are associated with "high culture". Meanwhile, the masses enjoy low culture - e.g. soap opera, reality TV, musicals, fast food and Hollywood films. High culture is generally considered more difficult to appreciate and the audience is seen as educated and having "good taste". Aspects of high culture as seen as good for society, though they don't make much money compared to a lot of low culture, so the government often subsidises them. In recent years a lot of funding for high culture has come from a low culture source - the National Lottery.
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Figure 2: Ballet (elite) Cultural Diversity - is a concept relating to culturally embedded differences within society, it's the fact that different cultures exist alongside each other E.g. lesbians, chavs etc. Thereby it is any group that has something in common. Subculture - is culture enjoyed by a small group within society.
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The recent rise in support for religious sects comes mainly from an increased desire to reject mainstream values. Evaluate this claim.
They are generally more critical of the rest of society and expect members to stand apart from it. Contact with non members is generally discouraged except in an attempt to convert them. They are also very critical of mainstream religious bodies who they regard as too worldly. They make an effort to distance themselves from them. Most sects move to the outskirts of society where they can create their own communities. This gives them the fear factor where outsiders become fearful of their ways. Sects usually aim to change the morals and values of society through any means possible.
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Assess the view that cults and sects are inevitably short-lived and of little influence in contemporary society.
As a result they are unlikely to show the same enthusiasm and commitment as their parents. They are less likely to make compromises and be less critical of the wider society. The loss of a leader can spell the end for a sect. For example the Branch Dravidians leader David Koresh and several of his followers committed suicide when they were attacked by the FBI. After this happened, the sect ended. Unconventional lifestyles can destroy themselves and be destroyed by society, for example, the Jim Jones People's Temple were the actions in Jonestown were viewed as a mass-suicide it is one of the largest such mass suicides in history.
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This 'mass culture', I believe could destroy and make an 'ordinary culture' into extinction through too much influence of "babble" and consumer products on television. Although you could ask what is ordinary and normal? Normal does not have a clear definition; as no one is completely normal, but ordinary seems to be defined as routine or customary, so an 'ordinary culture' is considered the norm way of living. So what is mass culture? An extra- ordinary way people live, or is it a negative perception of some people's choice of life?
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Another policy that is still in place is league tables and the notion of parental choice. I think in theory it is a successful concept however middle class parents are more likely to get their children into the best school leaving less choice for working class kids. In addition, the league tables do encourage marketization between schools but it may cause people not to be entered for exams if they are predicted low grades. I think this undermines the Marxist view as they are taking away the chance for the student to get qualifications even if they are poor and so most of the time replicates the same class boundaries as previous generations.
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In sociology it is difficult to get a wrong or right answer, as the experiment cannot often be redone as the variables can not be controlled, were as laboratory experiments can be redone as many times as it's needed. Durkheim argued that social facts, customs, beliefs systems and social institutions should be considered things. Durkheim also claimed to have discovered cause and effect relationships between social facts. Durkheim also found correlations between suicide rates and social facts. Comte, who invented the term sociology, argued that sociology should be based on the methodology of the natural sciences.
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Consensus theory attempts to explain why society gets along most of the time and why it does not descend into chaos. Consensus theorists use the human body as a way in which to help us understand consensus theory. They explain how all parts of the human body are linked and therefore contribute into the body working as a whole. So similarly society works on the same concept that all parts are linked and have their function. As society can be seen as structured there are important parts of it and one which has a major role is social institutions, one being the media.
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Postman also says, "The media help to define modern childhood and they are now the agents of its destruction". The adult world is now a place where children and adults are now sharing the same norms and values, therefore children are loosing their childhood and becoming little adults. Philippe Aries talks about how the children in medieval society were "Little Adults". Children had the same status as adults as there leisure and work times were they same. Children are 'little adults'. Aries argues that 'They are young humans between the ages of 7 and 15; they were not seen as children.
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Methodolgy. I will be using a face to face questionnaire for my primary research because this will be the best method to find out whether children are growing up too fast.
In my research I want to be objective so that I do not become involved with those who I am investigating because I may influence the answers which hey may give. Although my method does have potential problems such as participants giving socially desirable answers, it is still the most appropriate research method because it gives me quantitative data. I do not want qualitative data because I only want to spot trends about childhood and whether childhood is disappearing. I do not want to see reasons and feelings behind this.
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In the popular media, white people are portrayed in many different ways. It seems that for the most part, white men are not often represented in an unfavorable ways.
For the most part, white men are portrayed as good people in popular culture. Many of the criminals in television shows are portrayed by minority groups or people of color. Another example that comes to mind is in the show "The Shield," starring Michael Chiklis. In this show, a police narcotics strike team consists of four white males. They are constantly dealing with criminals who are of a minority group. They deal with gangs of African-Americans and Mexican-Americans. This seems to portray white men as perhaps less likely to be on the criminal side of the law.
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In resent years in education, family life and in the work place, society has become much less sexist. Are these changes in society shown in todays media?
(Tuchman, 1978). When women are seen in an important carer they still are not as well paid or well looked after as a man in the exact same carer. Ferguson's content analysis of women's magazines (1970s, 1980s)
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the media in the same way that "Mammy" from Gone with the Wind became America's idea of the black woman for generations (227). How women are portrayed in the media disgusts me, especially in the hip-hop culture. When you watch today's hip-hop music videos, all you see is scantily clad women flaunting their goodies and behaving in a way that degrades them.
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'Tomb Raider' does challenge this however as the main character is female, but we are hardly ever shown another woman in a powerful role or position. All of these actions that are shown to the audience may lead them to believe that women should be the only ones that are not in a powerful position, thus leading their views of women in society to be changed. Yet another issue raised among the three films is that of how women are treated.
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When we see world history then we come to know that women have served key positions in the high political offices. In western countries like Britain, USA the attitudes have definitely changed regarding women's leadership positions. In Britain, for example, a woman has held the highest office of Prime Minister as well. These Western countries not only themselves are undergoing change but they are also heavily influencing the lifestyle and work related attitude of women in developing nations. Women became heads of states and political parties in third world countries like India, Pakistan, and Srilanka, Nepal etc.
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Can Tom Cruise do anything right anymore? The Rise of Tom Cruise Tom Cruise was born into a middle class family, his parents got divorced when he was very young. He went to live with an Aunt whilst his mother set up home for his brothers and sisters and him. Soon after moving in with his aunt, his mother had met someone and they had set up home together. His mother got married when Tom was slightly older and his family moved again. After a quick stint at a church school wanting to become a Monk, Tom went to New York and started out on broadway.
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In discussing how children and young adults are being effected by this media, they have been considered susceptible to the harmful media of cinema and radio that contains violence, pornography and improper language, creating a moral panic proving that every ounce of child life has been corrupted, making these kids less innocent than they appeared to be before this media was aired. A strong influence would be through music and how it has encouraged young kids to take drugs and create violence.
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In what ways did the British Government attempt to hide the effect of the Blitz from the people of Britain
One of the most significant and successful methods of censorship was the use of the radio. Many people had radios. It broadcasted happy and patriotic songs to keep up the morale. Demoralizing information was censored and statistics were exaggerated to their advantage. A good example of the need for censorship is the Bethnal Green Tube station incident where 173 people suffocated because a woman fell over. They censored information similar to this because they didn't want people to stop using shelters and people dying, if they died trying to reach safety, they might feel nowhere is safe and it would lower morale.
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and Van Dijk (1991). I think both of these studies are relevant today, although not all of their findings are relevant in today's TV but they are in different types of the media. Alvarado believed that when ethnic minorities are stereotyped in the media, that they were seen part of categories; these four categories are the pitied, humorous, exotic and dangerous. I will now explain some information on each category- * Pitied- Alvarado argues that ethnic minorities are stereotyped as victims. This is because in the media, usually the news, we hear and see pictures and stories about natural disasters that ethnic minorities have lost their family, friends, homes and belongings to.
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