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AS and A Level: Media
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Feminists see the media as continuing the prejudices and stereotypes through its representation of women. Liberal feminists think that the removal of these images should be imminent and should be replaced
Feminism is the idea of equality of the sexes, giving an equality of rights and position in society. Feminists believe that the subordination of women runs through all areas of society. The earliest form of feminism was Liberal feminism. These women concentrated mostly on legal restrictions and things like the 1970 equal pay act came out of their actions. They believe that true equality cannot be achieved unless it exists in the law. Liberal feminists believe that the inequality between men and women is caused by stereotypes and gender socialisation.
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The motive of censorship is to stabilize and control society, over which government has control. Do you agree?
No matter with what sort of freedom people are being endowed, censorship defend national's pride and honor. Thus, the rationale of censorship is that it is necessary for the protection of the three basic social institutions; the family; the religion; the state. Censorship is the control of speech and other forms of human expressions which is entrusted for benefits of society. Precisely, it restricts children form being dragged to the wrong-path of life. It fights for child pornography, unwanted sexual expressions, restricting them by fixing age compulsion for being participants of lottery games, drugs, visiting restaurants. In addition, it uplifts social standard of society. It restores moral values of society and protects people form defamation and obscenity.
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My investigation is based on the issue 'should gay men be allowed to adopt'. My aims are: (1) To find out how the media portray gay adoption
The common assumption that people make is that children need female role models. This is also linked to the view that children are better off in a two parent, mixed gender family. Where this is problematic is that lots of children are not living in this 'perfect' nuclear family. For instance, there has been a rise in single parent families, meaning that many children are brought up by their mother with no male role model. Children also sometimes live with their father one week and their mother the next week. Ultimately the contemporary family is more diverse.
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Having Viewed 'Pretty Woman' And 'Thelma And Louise,' How Do You Think Women Are Represented In These Films And Hollywood In G
For example they've used it in the film XXX (triple X) as well. In 'Thelma and Louise' Thelma and Louise were represented as housewives, mainly because the film was set back in the past when women were not seen equal to men so there husband wouldn't let them work, which made them having to stay at home. In these two films women are sometimes show as stereotypes, just like the media it only shows bits and pieces of how women are really like. For example when Richard first met Vivien she had a blonde coloured wig which gives the audience an impression of her being a 'bimbo' which may was not true.
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They tend to take the role of helper or object, passive rather than active. Men are still represented as TV drama characters upto 3 times more frequently than women do and tend to be the predominant focus of news stories. These representations tend to be stereotypical in conforming to societal expectations and so the characters that do not fit this mould are seen as dangerous and deviant. The cultural effects model would suggest that this inundation of media messages about women is very limited and that it is hard to retain a critical viewpoint.
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This is in evidence when looking at the various press reports prior to the 1997 government elections. Newspapers such as the Sun claimed to support certain political parties, which coincided with the newspaper owner. After the elections the newspapers claimed to be an intergral part in the labour government coming into power. The question that arises is, does this also apply when reviewing the possible over representation of youth in the media? And do the media have the same sort of influence when looking at the public attitudes towards modern youth?
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The second peace of Paris was a humiliation yet Louis XVIII agreed to it; therefore the allies were right that it would be difficult for him to re-establish himself. The Ultras and the White Terror were key issues that showed that Louis XVIII found it difficult in stabilising France. It had not been possible for a general election to occur in the Chamber of Deputies before the Hundred Days, but it took place in August 1815. Louis XVIII had been persuaded to increase the number of seats from 258 to 402 and to lower the age of eligibility for membership from 40 to 25.
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By continuing to stereotype these groups of people they are wrongly influencing society's views of them. The reasons why stereotypes exist are usually because when people make up characters (for TV scripts, film scripts, etc) it's easier to use the image of a woman that someone is familiar with, like a mother or beautiful girlfriend. However by stereotyping these women to suit the image the writers have in their heads they are therefore demeaning them. Would you feel happy if others perceived your mother or girlfriend as brainless?
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Marxists on the other hand would argue that the media constructs desires and creates social reality. In other words it is a sculptor of a worldview and distorts social reality which is based on exploitation of a powerless majority, thus it is an ideological tool of the powerful bourgeoisie and reflects their interests. Over eighty percent of the media is owned by Trans National Corporations. But does ownership have any effect on the media coordinators? According to pluralists the answer is simply no.
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it can be argued that the media decides the stories and the public responds by reviewing the media therefore they are supporting the media financially]and it can be argued that the media can be used to satisfy human needs such as entertainment (the Sun), information (BBC news) etc. With that in mind it could be argued that the media does not use the interests of the capitalists [right wing] as other theories such as Marxists would argue. With pluralists believing in a democracy they believe that anyone can change what they want and if linked to the media, the public can air their views whenever they want to.
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This is a basic aim of advertisers in the hope of creating more sales. They hope that their image and their message will, through repetition, become imprinted in women's minds, so that people will be compelled to buy a certain product through of process of subconscious recognition and association. Advertisers can achieve this by the skilful use Stereotypes. I have already explored the stereotype of the young beautiful businesswoman with the perfect family, but there are hundreds more. A stereotype is a ready-made image of a person or relationship that is instantly recognisable.
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or because they have too many rainbows. Rainbows are considered a sign of 'New Age' religiosity. Little Red Riding Hood was the 24th most banned book in the early 90's mostly because she had a bottle of wine in her basket. Many organizations demanded a non-alcohol Little Red. They were successful sometimes in their efforts, by the way." Did you ever hear anyone say, 'That work had better be banned because I might read it and it might be very damaging to me'?"
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As the case went public society, became aware that such films could pose a threat to their younger generation, as they were very easy to get hold of and could cause permanent mental damage to their children. A campaign was set up to abolish the film and to increase the censorship factors on the films with tighter charges given to those who sold such films to under aged persons. During an experiment done by Donnstein and Linz, which showed how young so called healthy boys could become desensitized to women rape cases.
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'Refugees come to Britain for help, support and most importantly safety. It is wrong of the general public to assume refugees have a negative effect on our society'.
Refugees cost the country just over �300 million a year, which is just �13 per taxpayer per year. For a country in the financial position Britain is in, �13 per person really isn't that much considering that last year �110 billion was spent on luxuries in Britain, and when you remember the thousands of lives this money helps to save. Secondly, the fact that "refugees have a negative effect on our society" is groundless and wrong. There is little to no evidence of this negative effect, most of the evidence comes from stories of small offences committed by asylum seekers,
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(Please refer to ECCLESIA IN ASIA, the portion on the Youth). Human beings are becoming isolated entities with no time for each other, although the world is shrinking into a global village. The real danger is that without discarding our many built-in superstitions and unhealthy social structures, like the family, we absorb only superficial elements of the Western culture. In fact, their view of man, society and God are different and in this patch up, aren't we in danger of losing our own identity? Are we also losing our sense of God? Our sense of sinfulness? Guilt?
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Although the murders were committed during the weekend and the murderer may not be a resident of Whitechapel the police still suspected people in Whitechapel. All the suspicion led to many Jews being suspected. The media published details of suspects they suspected to the story even if they had nothing to do with it. This increased public fascination and interest which led to many hoaxes. This hindered the police investigation, making it more difficult for the police to be effective.
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Nowadays, society is more tolerant but the media can still be seen to shape the public's views. It may be that the media plays a part in reinforcing attitudes. Research has been carried out examining the ways in which ethnic minorities are represented and portrayed in the top ten most viewed television programmes. Overall, ethnic minorities were represented by 8.4% of all people counted in the programmes. Although, 5.2% of this figure was represented by UK resident ethnic minorities compared with 6.7% in the real world. However, black people occur more frequently in UK programmes-3.7% compared with 2.1% in the real world.
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Thousands of such posters could be found all around a city, thus the media forms the environment surrounding us. A second example illustrating the relevance of media and its influence is the propaganda broadcast on television. The documentary Bowling for Columbine by Michael Moore, illustrates the propaganda found in American society. A typical example resulting from this propaganda, would be the chronic influence of fear surrounding the daily life of an American citizen. Even though many of these fears seem odd, it is due to the American media that such fears is relevant.
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These can only be due to the media coverage of such events. Coverage shows the terrorists attacks aimed at shocking and disgusting the viewer into hating these people. Unfortunately, the culprits are giving all Muslims a bad image. Another target for the media are asylum seekers. In the UK asylum seekers are seen to sponge off the state, taking benefits and living in our council run accommodation and taking our jobs. Many asylum seekers are seen as false and are coming to England because it is seen as a 'soft touch'.
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Discuss the influence of the media and indicate what this says about us as individuals and society collectively.
As such the actual intentions of these owners and managers directly affect the form of influences such media will cause. On the contrary Bessant and Watts (2002) stated that "...the modern mass media enhances people's access to great works of art" (p.392). For individuals and the society media provides the opportunity to observe famous art/literature/sites indirectly but with less cost. For example people around the world may appreciate natural wonders from reading the National Geographic magazine.
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Freedom of speech gives society a voice, a voice that can be shared amongst thousands or millions of people, all coming from different classes of society. This way the poor as well as the minorities are not ignored. Democracy over dictatorship is what allows individual's to speak their mind, and have an opportunity to share their ideas with others. It is also one of the most dangerous rights, because freedom of expression means the freedom to express one's discontent with the status quo and the desire to change it. Freedom of speech can be abused, as illustrated by Margaret Laurence.
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For this project I am going to conduct my own content analysis research into gender representations and TV advertisements.
* 75% of all ads using females were for products for use in the kitchen or bathroom. * 38% of females in ads were pictured inside the home, compared with 14% of males. * Men were more likely to be shown out of doors or in business settings than women. * Twice as many women were shown with children than were with men. * 56% of women in ads were judged to be (only) housewives. * 43 different occupations were coded for men, 18 for women. From doing this research I will be able to see if much has changed since the days when Dominick and Rauch first did their research or if women are still stereotyped in the manner they traditionally have been.
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The media are primary agents of socialisation and are the source of information young people obtain about their world. Therefore, the media should use its power to influence girls and women in sport. Media is exerting an increasing influence on children's development. This is especially important when it comes to gender stereotypes and the social perceptions of how girls and boys should dress, talk and behave. Another factor why media coverage could have an affect on female participation rates is sexism. We can tell this because the sport sections in a variety of newspapers were looked through and there was hardly anything on female sport-only a few articles.
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" The media helps to advance public interest by publishing facts and opinions without which a democratic electorate cannot make responsible judgements." Explain this perspective and assess its effects on the audience.
It does not take into account who owns the media or who controls it. It also does not broach upon the idea that media messages are inflicted upon us rather than the audience being active. Who owns the media? Marxists would suggest that the media is a capitalist organisation owned by the ruling classes. The alienation of the working classes is due to the filtering of bourgeoisie values and morals through the media that help exploit the workers. The ruling classes that own the media have their own hegemony that allows them to maintain the status quo.
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Socialization. The most important time when socialization occurs is between the ages of one and ten. We obviously learn throughout our lives, but this first ten years is most important in determining who we are for the rest of our lives.
People have a lot reasons for playing sports in this book. Reason could be for love of the game, family influence, to be accepted by everyone in their society, status of living. As I read more I realized that the main reason kids did play sports is that realizing they were good in something and doing it made then feel good about themselves, and other than that they were appreciated by everyone in their society. Some of these men were pressured by their parents when they were kids to be good at sports, as it had its affect on him when he grew up.
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